10-02-2024 | Chronic Myeloid Leukemia | REVIEW
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BCR/ABL-Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Children: Current Treatment Approach
Current Oncology Reports
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Purpose of Review
The purpose of this review is to summarize the most updated treatment recommendations for pediatric CML, and to discuss current areas of investigation.
There is new phase 1 data to support the safety of the non-ATP competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) asciminib in the pediatric cohort. Ongoing studies are investigating the role of treatment-free remission in children.
Chronic phase CML in children is managed with lifelong TKI therapy; however, evidence of deeper remissions sustained with second-generation TKIs may permit shorter treatment courses. Use of more specific TKIs may mitigate some of the side effects specific to the pediatric cohort. Children with advanced phase CML should achieve a complete hematologic remission with use of a second-generation TKI prior to transplant to achieve the best outcome.