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Surgery

Echogenomics in heritable aortopathies

Free for a limited time Congenital Heart Anomaly Review

Recent guidelines stress the need to identify genotype and phenotypic features in children and adolescents with inherited aortopathies. Echocardiography can be used for early identification and appropriate management of young patients. 

A new surgical approach for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

Open Access Mitral Valve Replacement Case Study

Using 3D video-assisted minimal-invasive techniques to resect hypertrophic papillary muscles and mitral valve replacement in a patient with HOCM and heart failure proved successful.

Improving cardiothoracic surgery performance

Open Access Heart Surgery Review

With the advent of new technologies, how can cardiothoracic surgeons harness computer vision and artificial intelligence to best help improve and refine their skills?

Current Reviews

Local anesthesia versus general anesthesia for surgical drainage of chronic subdural hematoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

General Anesthesia Review Article/Brief Review

This systematic review and meta-analysis was reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses 11 guidelines and registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO: …

Round ligament management during minimally invasive groin hernia repair in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Femoral Hernia Review Article

This meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement. A description of the study protocol was registered to the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) …

Visual outcomes after treatment of craniopharyngioma in children: A systematic review

Craniopharyngiomas (CPs) are rare epithelial brain tumors that arise from remnants of Rathke’s pouch [ 1 ]. During normal development, this invaginates and gives rise to epithelial cells that contribute to the formation of the anterior pituitary …

A comparison of the postoperative outcomes between intraoperative leak testing and no intraoperative leak testing for gastric cancer surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Gastric Cancer Review Article

This systemic review was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42023453854) and followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA)2020.

Case Studies

A new surgical approach for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

Open Access Mitral Valve Replacement Case Study

Using 3D video-assisted minimal-invasive techniques to resect hypertrophic papillary muscles and mitral valve replacement in a patient with HOCM and heart failure proved successful.

Early identification of F. necrophorum by NGS

Open Access Lung Abscess Case Study

Fusobacterium is difficult to detect by conventional culture methods. But next-generation sequencing of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid led to rapid identification of F. necrophorum in this patient with a lung abscess.

Huge osteoma in the frontoparietal bone

Open Access osteoma Case Study

Osteomas are benign tumors containing cortical and cancellous bone tissues. 18 years after a head trauma, a huge osteoma was discovered following a month of headaches, syncope episodes, and blurred vision.

Webinar

2.0 NVMDL CME points

Severe pain is the most common symptom of chronic pancreatitis. In this live webinar, experts shared the latest insights in pain management for chronic pancreatitis patients. Experts from a range of disciplines discussed pertinent cases and provided practical suggestions for use within clinical practice

Supported by:
  • Viatris
Developed by: Springer Healthcare

Digital Treatment Map (Link opens in a new window)

Practical, expert-led digital map designed to guide treatment of ALK- and ROS1-mutation positive NSCLC.

Supported by:
  • Pfizer
Developed by: Springer Healthcare IME

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Further Reading

Granzyme B+ B cells detected by single-cell sequencing are associated with prognosis in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma following liver transplantation

Open Access Cholangiocarcinoma Research

B cells possess anti-tumor functions mediated by granzyme B, in addition to their role in antigen presentation and antibody production. However, the variations in granzyme B+ B cells between tumor and non-tumor tissues have been largely …

Thymic Atrophy and Immune Dysregulation in Infants with Complex Congenital Heart Disease

Open Access Interrupted Aortic Arch Original Article

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect, and up to 50% of infants with CHD require cardiovascular surgery early in life. Current clinical practice often involves thymus resection during cardiac surgery, detrimentally …

Effect of Siphon Morphology on the Risk of C7 Segment Aneurysm Formation

Open Access Aneurysm Original Article

Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a common cerebral vascular disease characterized by artery wall outpouching [ 1 ]. Almost 85% of IAs develop at the bifurcation of anterior circulating arteries and at the beginning of posterior communicating arteries …

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: automatic lung and liver MRI segmentation with nnU-Net, reproducibility of pyradiomics features, and a machine learning application for the classification of liver herniation

Open Access Diaphragmatic Hernia RESEARCH

Prenatal assessment of lung size and liver position is essential to stratify congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) fetuses in risk categories, guiding counseling, and patient management. Manual segmentation on fetal MRI provides a quantitative …