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Open Access 01-12-2022 | Osteoarthrosis | Research

Factors influencing depression in community-dwelling elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee in China: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Xiaoyan Zheng, Yaya Wang, Xiaoyan Jin, Hongjie Huang, Hongbo Chen, Yan Wang, Shaomei Shang

Published in: BMC Geriatrics | Issue 1/2022

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Abstract

Background

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) and depression are both major health issues influencing the quality of elderly life. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of depression and the factors influencing depression in community-dwelling elderly patients with OA of the knee in China.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study included 214 participants aged 60 and older diagnosed with OA of the knee. The depression of the elderly was measured by using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire, the GDS, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the society dimension of Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales 2 (AIMS2). In addition, the participants performed a timed up and go test (TUG) and the stair-climb test (SCT).

Results

The average age of the participants was 69.2 ± 7.63 years old, their body mass index (BMI) was 25.2 ± 3.85, and their disease duration was 5.9 ± 7.72 years. The mean total score of the GDS was 4.43 ± 2.89, and the GDS scores correlated positively with pain (r = 0.45, P < 0.001), stiffness (r = 0.40, P < 0.001), physical function (r = 0.52, P < 0.001),TUG (r = 0.35, P < 0.001), and SCT (r = 0.47, P < 0.001) and negatively with social support (r = − 0.35, P < 0.001).Analysis using multiple regression demonstrated that physical function, social support, and SCT explained 36.8% of the variance in depression.

Conclusions

Our findings suggested that physical function, social support, and lower extremity strength were predictors of depressive symptoms in community-dwelling elderly people with OA of the knee. Focusing on this elderly group with increasing functional exercise, positive social interaction and support, and lower limb muscle strength training should help in the prevention of depression.
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Metadata
Title
Factors influencing depression in community-dwelling elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee in China: a cross-sectional study
Authors
Xiaoyan Zheng
Yaya Wang
Xiaoyan Jin
Hongjie Huang
Hongbo Chen
Yan Wang
Shaomei Shang
Publication date
01-12-2022
Publisher
BioMed Central
Published in
BMC Geriatrics / Issue 1/2022
Electronic ISSN: 1471-2318
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03117-0

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