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Published in: Surgical Endoscopy 6/2024

25-04-2024 | SAGES/EAES Official Publication

SAGES White Paper on the importance of diversity in surgical leadership: creating the fundamentals of leadership development (FLD) curriculum

Authors: Jenny M. Shao, Juliane Bingener, Yewande Alimi, Ruchir Puri, Kim McHugh, Carlos Gomez-Garibello, Joon K. Shim, Courtney Collins, Patricia Sylla, Alia P. Qureshi

Published in: Surgical Endoscopy | Issue 6/2024

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Abstract

Background

The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) has long recognized and championed increasing diversity within the surgical workplace. SAGES initiated the Fundamentals of Leadership Development (FLD) Curriculum to address these needs and to provide surgeon leaders with the necessary tools and skills to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) in surgical practice. In 2019, the American College of Surgeons issued a request for anti-racism initiatives which lead to the partnering of the two societies. The primary goal of FLD was to create the first surgeon-focused leadership curriculum dedicated to DEI. The rationale/development of this curriculum and its evaluation/feedback methods are detailed in this White Paper.

Methods

The FLD curriculum was developed by a multidisciplinary task force that included surgeons, education experts, and diversity consultants. The curriculum development followed the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation (ADDIE) instructional design model and utilized a problem-based learning approach. Competencies were identified, and specific learning objectives and assessments were developed. The implementation of the curriculum was designed to be completed in short intervals (virtual and in-person). Post-course surveys used the Kirkpatrick’s model to evaluate the curriculum and provide valuable feedback.

Results

The curriculum consisted of interactive online modules, an online discussion forum, and small group interactive sessions focused in three key areas: (1) increasing pipeline of underrepresented individuals in surgical leadership, (2) healthcare equity, and (3) conflict negotiation. By focusing on positive action items and utilizing a problem-solving approach, the curriculum aimed to provide a framework for surgical leaders to make meaningful changes in their institutions and organizations.

Conclusion

The FLD curriculum is a novel leadership curriculum that provided surgeon leaders with the knowledge and tools to improve diversity in three areas: pipeline improvement, healthcare equity, and conflict negotiation. Future directions include using pilot course feedback to enhance curricular effectiveness and delivery.
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Metadata
Title
SAGES White Paper on the importance of diversity in surgical leadership: creating the fundamentals of leadership development (FLD) curriculum
Authors
Jenny M. Shao
Juliane Bingener
Yewande Alimi
Ruchir Puri
Kim McHugh
Carlos Gomez-Garibello
Joon K. Shim
Courtney Collins
Patricia Sylla
Alia P. Qureshi
Publication date
25-04-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Surgical Endoscopy / Issue 6/2024
Print ISSN: 0930-2794
Electronic ISSN: 1432-2218
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-024-10815-w

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