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09-05-2024 | Research

Epoxy resin bioactive dental implant capped with hydroxyapatite and curcumin nanoparticles: a novel approach

Author: Rethinam Senthil

Published in: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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Abstract

Objective

In this study, the developed bioactive dental implant (BDI) from epoxy resin (ER), hydroxyapatite (HA), and curcumin nanoparticles (CUNPs).

Materials and methods

The prepared BDI were characterized using their physicochemical, mechanical, antimicrobial, bioactive, and biocompatibility study. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) morphology of the BDI was observed HA mineralized crystal layer after being immersed in the stimulated body fluids (SBF) solution.

Results

The mechanical properties of the BDI exhibited tensile strength (250.61 ± 0.43 MPa), elongation at break (215.66 ± 0.87%), flexural modulus (03.90 ± 0.12 GPa), water absorption (05.68 ± 0.15%), and water desorption (06.42 ± 0.14%). The antimicrobial activity of BDI was observed in excellent zone of inhibition against the gram-negative (15.33 ± 0.04%) and gram- positive (15.98 ± 0.07%) bacteria. The biocompatibility study of BDI on osteoblasts cell line (MG-63) was analyzed using MTT (3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay. The results were observed 85% viable cells present in the BDI compared to the control (only ER) samples.

Conclusions

Based on the research outcome, the BDI could be used for biomaterials application, particularly tooth dental implantation.

Graphical Abstract

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Metadata
Title
Epoxy resin bioactive dental implant capped with hydroxyapatite and curcumin nanoparticles: a novel approach
Author
Rethinam Senthil
Publication date
09-05-2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Print ISSN: 1865-1550
Electronic ISSN: 1865-1569
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10006-024-01252-z
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