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04-05-2024 | Diabetes | Research article

The association between dental caries, periodontal diseases, and tooth loss with diabetes mellitus among the elderly population

Authors: Mohammad-Hossein Heydari, Farshad Sharifi, Shayan Sobhaninejad, Ali Sharifi, Leili Alizadeh, Soheila Darmiani, Shima Bijari, Parvin Parvaie, Soheila Bakhshandeh, Shervan Shoaee, Mohammad-Hossein Khoshnevisan

Published in: Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders

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Abstract

Purpose

Our study investigated the association between dental caries, periodontal diseases, and tooth loss with diabetes mellitus (DM) among the elderly population, representing the first study of its kind in Iran.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional community-based study as a part of the second wave of the Birjand longitudinal aging study (BLAS, 2021–2022) for people older than 60. We used the Comprehensive Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Tool (CGOHAT) for the oral health evaluation. Participants were initially categorized into diabetic and non-diabetic groups. Those patients with DM were further categorised into uncontrolled and controlled diabetes based on their HbA1c level. The association between periodontitis, gingivitis, and edentulism with type II diabetes mellitus and uncontrolled diabetes was assessed using logistic regression.

Results

Among the 1,011 participants, 324 (32.04%) had DM. The mean ± SD DMFT was 27.06 ± 7.71 and 27.07 ± 7.72 among those with and without DM, respectively (p = 0.976). The M index comprised 85.46% of the total DMFT among those without DM and 84.51% among those with DM. The prevalence of periodontitis was higher among those without DM (110, 32.84%, p = 0.390). The prevalence of gingivitis was higher among those with DM (73, 45.06%, p = 0.617). Among the diabetic group, 137 (42.28%) had controlled DM. Based on the adjusted matched multivariate logistic model, decayed teeth (1.24, 95%CI: 1.06 – 1.46, p-value = 0.006), periodontitis (2.78, 95%CI: 1.02 – 7.56, p-value = 0.044), and moderate tooth loss (5.73, 95%CI: 1.13 – 28.88, p-value = 0.034) were significantly associated with increased odds of uncontrolled DM.

Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, tooth loss was highly prevalent among the elderly Iranians regardless of their diabetes status. Also, periodontitis, tooth loss, and decayed teeth were significantly associated with increased odds of poor glycemic control among those with DM. Thus, it can be concluded that improving the oral health of the geriatric population may be a crucial part of improving the glycemic control among those with diabetes which has been frequently neglected.
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Metadata
Title
The association between dental caries, periodontal diseases, and tooth loss with diabetes mellitus among the elderly population
Authors
Mohammad-Hossein Heydari
Farshad Sharifi
Shayan Sobhaninejad
Ali Sharifi
Leili Alizadeh
Soheila Darmiani
Shima Bijari
Parvin Parvaie
Soheila Bakhshandeh
Shervan Shoaee
Mohammad-Hossein Khoshnevisan
Publication date
04-05-2024
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders
Electronic ISSN: 2251-6581
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40200-024-01434-2
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