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Published in: Neurological Sciences 5/2024

29-12-2023 | Review Article

The use of the eye-fixation-related potential to investigate visual perception in professional domains with high attentional demand: a literature review

Published in: Neurological Sciences | Issue 5/2024

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Abstract

Introduction

Visual attention is a cognitive skill related to visual perception and neural activity, and also moderated by expertise, in time-constrained professional domains (e.g., aviation, driving, sport, surgery). However, the contribution of both perceptual and neural processes on performance has been studied separately in the literature.

Development

We defend an integration of visual and neural signals to offer a more complete picture of the visual attention displayed by professionals of different skill levels when performing free-viewing tasks. Specifically, we propose to zoom the analysis in data related to the quiet eye and P300 component jointly, as a novel signal processing approach to evaluate professionals’ visual attention.

Conclusion

This review highlights the advantages of using portable eye trackers and electroencephalogram systems altogether, as a promising technique for a better understanding of early cognitive components related to attentional processes. Altogether, the eye-fixation-related potentials method may provide a better understanding of the cognitive mechanisms employed by the participants in natural settings, revealing what visual information is of interest for participants and distinguishing the neural bases of visual attention between targets and non-targets whenever they perceive a stimulus during free viewing experiments.

Graphical Abstract

Literature
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Metadata
Title
The use of the eye-fixation-related potential to investigate visual perception in professional domains with high attentional demand: a literature review
Publication date
29-12-2023
Published in
Neurological Sciences / Issue 5/2024
Print ISSN: 1590-1874
Electronic ISSN: 1590-3478
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-023-07275-w

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