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Open Access 25-04-2024 | Research Article

The role of community pharmacists and pharmacies in physical activity promotion: an interdisciplinary e-Delphi study

Authors: Ruben Viegas, Mara Pereira Guerreiro, Filipa Duarte-Ramos, Romeu Mendes, Filipa Alves da Costa

Published in: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

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Abstract

Background

Physical activity has a key role in the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. Community pharmacists are an accessible source to provide brief advice to people on how to be more physically active. Nonetheless, there is a limited understanding of stakeholders' perspectives on their role in promoting physical activity, to inform policy and practice. The present study addresses this gap.

Aim

To determine consensus from different health professionals on the role of pharmacists and pharmacies in brief physical activity counselling in Portugal.

Method

This cross-sectional study used a two-round e-Delphi panel. The questionnaire was organised into four domains of physical activity promotion and comprised 37 items. Interdisciplinary experts rated their level of agreement using a 5-point Likert scale. Consensus was set at the outset as 75% or more of participants scoring 4 or 5 (consensus “in”) or 1 or 2 (consensus “out”).

Results

Forty-two health professionals involved in promoting physical activity in the ambulatory setting in Portugal were selected through purposive quota sampling. Eighteen out of 37 items were consensual in the first round and five more achieved consensus after the second round (62.2%). Physical activity promotion was seen as the role of all healthcare workforce and pharmacies were considered as suitable spaces for service provision, regardless of remuneration.

Conclusion

This study endorses a set of roles for physical activity promotion in community pharmacy from an interdisciplinary perspective. Consensually established perspectives can inform policy making and practice, streamlining the coordination of pharmacies with the national health service.
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Metadata
Title
The role of community pharmacists and pharmacies in physical activity promotion: an interdisciplinary e-Delphi study
Authors
Ruben Viegas
Mara Pereira Guerreiro
Filipa Duarte-Ramos
Romeu Mendes
Filipa Alves da Costa
Publication date
25-04-2024
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Print ISSN: 2210-7703
Electronic ISSN: 2210-7711
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-024-01731-z
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