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Published in: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 7/2023

21-01-2023 | Suicide | Research

Demographic and clinical correlates of social anxiety disorder among US veterans: findings from the NESARC-III study

Authors: Tapan A. Patel, Anouk L. Grubaugh, Jesse R. Cougle

Published in: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology | Issue 7/2023

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Abstract

Purpose

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is among the most highly prevalent and debilitating psychiatric disorders within the US population, but SAD has gone relatively unnoticed within the US veteran population. Preliminary research has demonstrated that SAD is related to decreased mental and physical functioning as well as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among veterans.

Methods

The present study investigated SAD and its relationship with demographic factors, psychiatric disorders, suicidality, treatment seeking, and social support among veterans. Multivariate survey weighted logistic regression analyses were conducted to observe these associations utilizing data from National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions which contained data on 3119 veterans.

Results

SAD was found to be strongly related to PTSD and other anxiety disorder, and these disorders were related to increased treatment seeking for SAD. Further, SAD was associated with lifetime suicide attempts and decreased perceived social support in multivariate models adjusting for demographic factors and psychiatric comorbidities.

Conclusion

This study highlights the relationships of SAD among veterans by demonstrating its associations with other psychiatric disorders, treatment seeking, suicide attempts, and social support. A deeper understanding of the impact of SAD within the veteran population will inform future prevention and treatment efforts.
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Metadata
Title
Demographic and clinical correlates of social anxiety disorder among US veterans: findings from the NESARC-III study
Authors
Tapan A. Patel
Anouk L. Grubaugh
Jesse R. Cougle
Publication date
21-01-2023
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology / Issue 7/2023
Print ISSN: 0933-7954
Electronic ISSN: 1433-9285
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-023-02420-4

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