Skip to main content
Top
Published in:

Open Access 26-07-2023 | Stroke | Case-based Review

Decompressive hemicraniectomy in pediatric malignant arterial ischemic stroke: a case-based review

Authors: Audrey Carlhan-Ledermann, Andrea Bartoli, Fabienne Gebistorf, Maurice Beghetti, Tornike Sologashvili, Monica Rebollo Polo, Joel Fluss

Published in: Child's Nervous System | Issue 9/2023

Login to get access

Abstract

Purpose

Malignant stroke is a life-threatening emergency, with a high mortality rate (1–3). Despite strong evidence showing decreased morbidity and mortality in the adult population, decompressive hemicraniectomy (DCH) has been scarcely reported in the pediatric stroke population, and its indication remains controversial, while it could be a potential lifesaving option.

Methods and results

We performed an extensive literature review on pediatric malignant arterial ischemic stroke (pmAIS) and selected 26 articles reporting 97 cases. Gathering the data together, a 67% mortality rate is observed without decompressive therapy, contrasting with a 95.4% survival rate with it. The median modified Rankin score (mRS) is 2.1 after surgery with a mean follow-up of 31.8 months. For the 33% of children who survived without surgery, the mRS is 3 at a mean follow-up of 19 months. As an illustrative case, we report on a 2-year-old girl who presented a cardioembolic right middle cerebral artery stroke with subsequent malignant edema and ongoing cerebral transtentorial herniation in the course of a severe myocarditis requiring ECMO support. A DCH was done 32 h after symptom onset. At the age of 5 years, she exhibits an mRS of 3.

Conclusion

Pediatric stroke with malignant edema is a severe condition with high mortality rate if left untreated and often long-lasting consequences. DCH might minimize the vicious circle of cerebral swelling, increasing intracranial pressure and brain ischemia. Our literature review underscores DCH as an efficient therapeutic measure management of pmAIS even when performed after a significant delay; however, long-lasting morbidities remain high.
Footnotes
1
(i.e., urgently or immediate would be 2 h, few hours 12 h less than 2 days would be 36 h, and few days would be 72 h).
 
Literature
1.
go back to reference Shah S, Murthy SB, Whitehead WE, Jea A, Michael Nassif L (2013) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in pediatric patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction: case series and review of the literature. World Neurosurg Shah S, Murthy SB, Whitehead WE, Jea A, Michael Nassif L (2013) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in pediatric patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction: case series and review of the literature. World Neurosurg
2.
go back to reference Ramaswamy V, Mehta V, Bauman M, Richer L, Massicotte P, Yager JJ (2008) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in children with severe ischemic stroke and life-threatening cerebral edema. J Child Neurol 23(8):889–894PubMed Ramaswamy V, Mehta V, Bauman M, Richer L, Massicotte P, Yager JJ (2008) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in children with severe ischemic stroke and life-threatening cerebral edema. J Child Neurol 23(8):889–894PubMed
3.
go back to reference Reinink H, Jüttler E, Hacke W, Hofmeijer J, Vicaut E, Vahedi K et al (2021) Surgical decompression for space-occupying hemispheric infarction a systematic review and individual patient meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. JAMA Neurol 78(2):208–216PubMed Reinink H, Jüttler E, Hacke W, Hofmeijer J, Vicaut E, Vahedi K et al (2021) Surgical decompression for space-occupying hemispheric infarction a systematic review and individual patient meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. JAMA Neurol 78(2):208–216PubMed
4.
go back to reference Alexander P, Heels-Ansdell D, Siemieniuk R, Bhatnagar N, Chang Y, Fei Y et al (2016) Hemicraniectomy versus medical treatment with large MCA infarct: a review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 6:1–11 Alexander P, Heels-Ansdell D, Siemieniuk R, Bhatnagar N, Chang Y, Fei Y et al (2016) Hemicraniectomy versus medical treatment with large MCA infarct: a review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 6:1–11
5.
go back to reference Back L, Nagaraja V, Kapur A, Eslick GD (2015) Role of decompressive hemicraniectomy in extensive middle cerebral artery strokes: a meta-analysis of randomised trials. Internation Medicine journal 45:711–717 Back L, Nagaraja V, Kapur A, Eslick GD (2015) Role of decompressive hemicraniectomy in extensive middle cerebral artery strokes: a meta-analysis of randomised trials. Internation Medicine journal 45:711–717
6.
go back to reference Beez T, Munoz-Bendix C, Steiger HJ, Beseoglu K (2019) Decompressive craniectomy for acute ischemic stroke. Crit Care 23(209):1–16 Beez T, Munoz-Bendix C, Steiger HJ, Beseoglu K (2019) Decompressive craniectomy for acute ischemic stroke. Crit Care 23(209):1–16
7.
go back to reference Montgomery AK, Maixner WJ, Wallace D, Wray A, Mackay MT (2012) Decompressive craniectomy in childhood posterior circulation stroke: a case series and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurol 47:193–197PubMed Montgomery AK, Maixner WJ, Wallace D, Wray A, Mackay MT (2012) Decompressive craniectomy in childhood posterior circulation stroke: a case series and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurol 47:193–197PubMed
8.
go back to reference Farooq MU, Abbed KM, Fletcher JJ (2009) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in a 19-month-old female after malignant cerebral infarction. Pediatr Neurosurg 45:156–150 Farooq MU, Abbed KM, Fletcher JJ (2009) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in a 19-month-old female after malignant cerebral infarction. Pediatr Neurosurg 45:156–150
9.
go back to reference deVeber GA (2010) Delays in the timely diagnosis of stroke in children. Nat Rev Neurol 6(2):64–66PubMed deVeber GA (2010) Delays in the timely diagnosis of stroke in children. Nat Rev Neurol 6(2):64–66PubMed
10.
go back to reference Bhatia KD, Briest R, Goetti R, Webster R, Troedson C, Dale RC et al (2022) Incidence and natural history of pediatric large vessel occlusion stroke; a population study. JAMA Neurol 79(5):488–497PubMedPubMedCentral Bhatia KD, Briest R, Goetti R, Webster R, Troedson C, Dale RC et al (2022) Incidence and natural history of pediatric large vessel occlusion stroke; a population study. JAMA Neurol 79(5):488–497PubMedPubMedCentral
11.
go back to reference Ferriero DM, Fullerton HJ, Bernard TJ, Billinghurst L, Daniels SR, DeBaun MR et al (2019) Management of stroke in neonates and children, a scientific statement from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association 51–96 Ferriero DM, Fullerton HJ, Bernard TJ, Billinghurst L, Daniels SR, DeBaun MR et al (2019) Management of stroke in neonates and children, a scientific statement from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association 51–96
12.
go back to reference Sporns PB, Fullerton HJ, Lee S, Kirton A, Wildgruber M (2021) Current treatment for childhood arterial ischaemic stroke. The Lancet Child Adolescent Health 1–12 Sporns PB, Fullerton HJ, Lee S, Kirton A, Wildgruber M (2021) Current treatment for childhood arterial ischaemic stroke. The Lancet Child Adolescent Health 1–12
13.
go back to reference Goeggel Simonetti B, Cavelti A, Arnold M, Bigi S, Regenyi M, Mattle HP et al (2015) Long-term outcome after arterial ischemic stroke in children and young adults. Neurology 84(19):1941–1947PubMed Goeggel Simonetti B, Cavelti A, Arnold M, Bigi S, Regenyi M, Mattle HP et al (2015) Long-term outcome after arterial ischemic stroke in children and young adults. Neurology 84(19):1941–1947PubMed
14.
go back to reference Smith SE, Kirkham FJ, Deveber G, Millman G, Dirks PB, Wirrell E et al (2011) Outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in children. Dev Med Child Neurol 53:29–33PubMed Smith SE, Kirkham FJ, Deveber G, Millman G, Dirks PB, Wirrell E et al (2011) Outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in children. Dev Med Child Neurol 53:29–33PubMed
15.
go back to reference Lehman LL, DeVeber G, Pergami P, Guilliams KP, Chung M, Felling R et al (2019) Characteristics and outcome in children with craniectomy following acute ischemic stroke in the international pediatric stroke study. J Child Neurol 34(12):765–769PubMedPubMedCentral Lehman LL, DeVeber G, Pergami P, Guilliams KP, Chung M, Felling R et al (2019) Characteristics and outcome in children with craniectomy following acute ischemic stroke in the international pediatric stroke study. J Child Neurol 34(12):765–769PubMedPubMedCentral
16.
go back to reference Bigi S, Dulcey A, Gralla J, Bernasconi C, Melliger A, Datta AN et al (2018) Feasibility, safety, and outcome of recanalization treatment in childhood stroke. Ann Neurol 83(6):1125–1132PubMed Bigi S, Dulcey A, Gralla J, Bernasconi C, Melliger A, Datta AN et al (2018) Feasibility, safety, and outcome of recanalization treatment in childhood stroke. Ann Neurol 83(6):1125–1132PubMed
17.
go back to reference Rahme R, Jimenez L, Bashir U, Adeoye OM, Abruzzo TA, Ringer AJ et al (2013) Malignant MCA territory infarction in the pediatric population: subgroup analysis of the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Stude. Childs Nerv Syst 29(1):99–103PubMed Rahme R, Jimenez L, Bashir U, Adeoye OM, Abruzzo TA, Ringer AJ et al (2013) Malignant MCA territory infarction in the pediatric population: subgroup analysis of the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Stude. Childs Nerv Syst 29(1):99–103PubMed
18.
go back to reference Andrade A, Bigi S, Laughlin S, Parthasarathy S, Sinclair A, Dirks P et al (2016) Association between prolonged seizures and malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in children with acute ischemic stroke. Pediatr Neurol 64:44–51PubMed Andrade A, Bigi S, Laughlin S, Parthasarathy S, Sinclair A, Dirks P et al (2016) Association between prolonged seizures and malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in children with acute ischemic stroke. Pediatr Neurol 64:44–51PubMed
19.
go back to reference Hornig CR, Rust DS, Busse O, Jauss M, Laun A (1994) Space-occupying cerebellar infarction: clinical course and prognosis. Stroke 25(2):372–375PubMed Hornig CR, Rust DS, Busse O, Jauss M, Laun A (1994) Space-occupying cerebellar infarction: clinical course and prognosis. Stroke 25(2):372–375PubMed
20.
go back to reference Vahedi K, Hofmeijer J, Juettler E, Vicaut E, George B, Algra A (2007) Early decompressive surgery in malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery: a pooled analysis of three randomised controlles trials. The Lancet Neurology 6(3):215–222PubMed Vahedi K, Hofmeijer J, Juettler E, Vicaut E, George B, Algra A (2007) Early decompressive surgery in malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery: a pooled analysis of three randomised controlles trials. The Lancet Neurology 6(3):215–222PubMed
21.
go back to reference Bernard TJ, Beslow LA, Manco-Johnson MJ, Armstrong-Wells J, Boada R, Weitzenkamp D et al (2016) Inter-rater reliability of the CASCADE criteria: challenges in classifying arteriopathies. Stroke 47(10):2443–2449PubMedPubMedCentral Bernard TJ, Beslow LA, Manco-Johnson MJ, Armstrong-Wells J, Boada R, Weitzenkamp D et al (2016) Inter-rater reliability of the CASCADE criteria: challenges in classifying arteriopathies. Stroke 47(10):2443–2449PubMedPubMedCentral
22.
go back to reference Bernard TJ, Manco-Johnson JM, Lo W, MacKay MT, Ganesan V, deVeber G et al (2012) Towards a consensus-based classification of childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Stroke 43(2):1–12 Bernard TJ, Manco-Johnson JM, Lo W, MacKay MT, Ganesan V, deVeber G et al (2012) Towards a consensus-based classification of childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Stroke 43(2):1–12
23.
go back to reference Aghakhani N, Durand P, Chevret L, Parker F, Devictor D, Tardieu M et al (2009) Decompressive craniectomy in children with nontraumatic refractory high intracranial pressure. Journal Neurosurgery Pediatrics 3:66–69PubMed Aghakhani N, Durand P, Chevret L, Parker F, Devictor D, Tardieu M et al (2009) Decompressive craniectomy in children with nontraumatic refractory high intracranial pressure. Journal Neurosurgery Pediatrics 3:66–69PubMed
24.
go back to reference Bergen BJ, Batnitzky S, Morantz RA, Price HI (1981) Cerebellar infarction with associated acute hydrocephalus due to vertebral artery occlusion in a child. Neurosurgery 8(3):383–387PubMed Bergen BJ, Batnitzky S, Morantz RA, Price HI (1981) Cerebellar infarction with associated acute hydrocephalus due to vertebral artery occlusion in a child. Neurosurgery 8(3):383–387PubMed
25.
go back to reference Brawn WJ, Menahem S, Mee RBB (1987) Cerebellar infarction secondary to subclavian aortoplasty repair for coarctation of the aorta. Int J Cardiol 17:336–338PubMed Brawn WJ, Menahem S, Mee RBB (1987) Cerebellar infarction secondary to subclavian aortoplasty repair for coarctation of the aorta. Int J Cardiol 17:336–338PubMed
26.
go back to reference Carter BS, Ogilvy CS, Candia GJ, Rosas HD, Buonanno F (1997) One-year outcome after decompressive surgery for massive nondominant hemispheric infarction: neurosurgery 40(6):1168–1176PubMed Carter BS, Ogilvy CS, Candia GJ, Rosas HD, Buonanno F (1997) One-year outcome after decompressive surgery for massive nondominant hemispheric infarction: neurosurgery 40(6):1168–1176PubMed
27.
go back to reference Curry WT, Sethi MK, Ogilvy CS, Carter BS (2005) Factors associated with outcome after hemicraniectomy for large middle cerebral artery territoiry infarction. Neurosurgery 56:681–692PubMed Curry WT, Sethi MK, Ogilvy CS, Carter BS (2005) Factors associated with outcome after hemicraniectomy for large middle cerebral artery territoiry infarction. Neurosurgery 56:681–692PubMed
28.
go back to reference Fischer EG, Strand RD, Gilles FH (1972) Cerebellar necrosis simulating tumor in infancy. J Pediatr 81(1):98–99PubMed Fischer EG, Strand RD, Gilles FH (1972) Cerebellar necrosis simulating tumor in infancy. J Pediatr 81(1):98–99PubMed
29.
go back to reference Harbaugh RE, Saunders RL, Reeves AG (1982) Pediatric cerebellar infarction: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery 10(5):593–596PubMed Harbaugh RE, Saunders RL, Reeves AG (1982) Pediatric cerebellar infarction: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery 10(5):593–596PubMed
30.
go back to reference Kirton A, deVeber G (2007) Ischemic stroke complicating pediatric cardiovascular disease. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 4(3):163–166PubMed Kirton A, deVeber G (2007) Ischemic stroke complicating pediatric cardiovascular disease. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 4(3):163–166PubMed
31.
go back to reference Lammy S, Fivey P, Sangra M (2016) Decompressive craniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in a 16-year old boy: a case report. J Med Case Reports 10(368):1–4 Lammy S, Fivey P, Sangra M (2016) Decompressive craniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in a 16-year old boy: a case report. J Med Case Reports 10(368):1–4
32.
go back to reference Lee MC, Frank JI, Kahana M, Tonsgard JH (2003) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in a 6-year-old male after unilateral hemispheric stroke. Pediatr Neurosurg 38:181–185PubMed Lee MC, Frank JI, Kahana M, Tonsgard JH (2003) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in a 6-year-old male after unilateral hemispheric stroke. Pediatr Neurosurg 38:181–185PubMed
33.
go back to reference Lee SK, Kim SD, Kim SH, Lim DJ, Park JY (2012) Decompressive hemicraniectomy and duroplasty in toddlers and preschool children with refractory intracranial hypertension after unilateral hemispheric stroke. J Korean Neurosurg Soc 51:86–90PubMedPubMedCentral Lee SK, Kim SD, Kim SH, Lim DJ, Park JY (2012) Decompressive hemicraniectomy and duroplasty in toddlers and preschool children with refractory intracranial hypertension after unilateral hemispheric stroke. J Korean Neurosurg Soc 51:86–90PubMedPubMedCentral
34.
go back to reference Lehman AAR, McKenna ME, Wisneski R, Hess WF (2019) Delayed presentation of a traumatic spinal epidural hematoma in a preadolescent: a case report. J Bone Joint Surg 93(28):1–4 Lehman AAR, McKenna ME, Wisneski R, Hess WF (2019) Delayed presentation of a traumatic spinal epidural hematoma in a preadolescent: a case report. J Bone Joint Surg 93(28):1–4
35.
go back to reference Leonhardt G, Wilhelm H, Doerfler A, Ehrenfeld CE, Schoch B, Rauhut F et al (2002) Clinical outcome and neuropsychological deficits after right decompressive hemicraniectomy in MCA infarction. J Neurol 249:1433–1440PubMed Leonhardt G, Wilhelm H, Doerfler A, Ehrenfeld CE, Schoch B, Rauhut F et al (2002) Clinical outcome and neuropsychological deficits after right decompressive hemicraniectomy in MCA infarction. J Neurol 249:1433–1440PubMed
36.
go back to reference Miyata I, Imaoka T, Masaoka T, Nishiura T, Ishimitsu H (1994) Pediatric cerebellar infarction caused by atlantoaxial subluxation. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 34:241–245PubMed Miyata I, Imaoka T, Masaoka T, Nishiura T, Ishimitsu H (1994) Pediatric cerebellar infarction caused by atlantoaxial subluxation. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 34:241–245PubMed
37.
go back to reference Momose KJ, Lehrich JR (1973) Acute cerebellar infarction presenting as a posterior fossa mass. Neuroradiology 109:343–352 Momose KJ, Lehrich JR (1973) Acute cerebellar infarction presenting as a posterior fossa mass. Neuroradiology 109:343–352
38.
go back to reference Perez-Higueras A, Alvarez-Ruiz F, Martinez-Bermejo A, Frutos R, Villar O, Diez-Tejedor E (1988) Cerebellar infarction from fibromuscular dysplasia and dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery. Stroke 19:521–524PubMed Perez-Higueras A, Alvarez-Ruiz F, Martinez-Bermejo A, Frutos R, Villar O, Diez-Tejedor E (1988) Cerebellar infarction from fibromuscular dysplasia and dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery. Stroke 19:521–524PubMed
39.
go back to reference Tan MA, Salonga AM, Jamora RDG (2006) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in a 2-year-old girl with a left middle cerebral artery infarct. Childs Nerv Syst 22:523–525PubMed Tan MA, Salonga AM, Jamora RDG (2006) Decompressive hemicraniectomy in a 2-year-old girl with a left middle cerebral artery infarct. Childs Nerv Syst 22:523–525PubMed
40.
go back to reference Yamaguchi H, Yamamoto K, Akutsu N, Kusumoto M, Kajihara S, Yamaguchi Y et al (2016) Decompressive craniectomy 116h after malignant middle cerebral artery infarction. Japan Pediatr Soc 622–4 Yamaguchi H, Yamamoto K, Akutsu N, Kusumoto M, Kajihara S, Yamaguchi Y et al (2016) Decompressive craniectomy 116h after malignant middle cerebral artery infarction. Japan Pediatr Soc 622–4
41.
go back to reference Panagopoulos D, Karydakis P, Markogiannakis G, Themistocleous M (2021) Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke: overview of the literature and of the most cited relevant articles. Interdiscip Neurosurg: Adv Tech Case Manag 23(100924):1–9 Panagopoulos D, Karydakis P, Markogiannakis G, Themistocleous M (2021) Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke: overview of the literature and of the most cited relevant articles. Interdiscip Neurosurg: Adv Tech Case Manag 23(100924):1–9
42.
go back to reference Felling RJ, Sun LR, Maxwell EC, Goldenberg N, Bernard T (2017) Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke: epidemiology, risk factors, and management. Blood Cells Mol Dis 67:23–33PubMed Felling RJ, Sun LR, Maxwell EC, Goldenberg N, Bernard T (2017) Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke: epidemiology, risk factors, and management. Blood Cells Mol Dis 67:23–33PubMed
43.
go back to reference Numis AL, Fox CK (2014) Arterial ischemic stroke in children: risk factors and etiologies. Stroke 14(422):1–9 Numis AL, Fox CK (2014) Arterial ischemic stroke in children: risk factors and etiologies. Stroke 14(422):1–9
44.
go back to reference Persa L, Shaw DW, Amlie-Lefond C (2022) Why would a child have a stroke? J Child Neurol 37(12–14):907–915PubMed Persa L, Shaw DW, Amlie-Lefond C (2022) Why would a child have a stroke? J Child Neurol 37(12–14):907–915PubMed
45.
go back to reference Sporns PB, Sträter R, Minnerup J, Wiendl H, Hanning U, Chapot R et al (2020) Feasibility, safety, and outcome of endovascular recanalization in childhood stroke: the Save ChildS Study. JAMA Neurol 77(1):25–34PubMed Sporns PB, Sträter R, Minnerup J, Wiendl H, Hanning U, Chapot R et al (2020) Feasibility, safety, and outcome of endovascular recanalization in childhood stroke: the Save ChildS Study. JAMA Neurol 77(1):25–34PubMed
46.
go back to reference Medley T, Miteff C, Andrews I, Ware T, Cheung M, Monagle P et al (2019) Australian Clinical Consensus Guideline: the diagnosis and acute management of childhood stroke. Int J Stroke 14(1):94–106PubMed Medley T, Miteff C, Andrews I, Ware T, Cheung M, Monagle P et al (2019) Australian Clinical Consensus Guideline: the diagnosis and acute management of childhood stroke. Int J Stroke 14(1):94–106PubMed
47.
go back to reference Mackay MT, Steinlin M (2019) Recent developments and new frontiers in childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Iinternational Journal of Stroke 14(1):32–43 Mackay MT, Steinlin M (2019) Recent developments and new frontiers in childhood arterial ischemic stroke. Iinternational Journal of Stroke 14(1):32–43
48.
go back to reference Kocher T (1901) Hirnerschütterung, Hirndruck und chirurgische Eingriffe bei Hirnkrankheiten Kocher T (1901) Hirnerschütterung, Hirndruck und chirurgische Eingriffe bei Hirnkrankheiten
49.
go back to reference Cushing HI (1908) Subtemporal decompressive operations for the intracranial complications associated with bursting fractures of the skull. Ann Surg 47(5):641–644PubMedPubMedCentral Cushing HI (1908) Subtemporal decompressive operations for the intracranial complications associated with bursting fractures of the skull. Ann Surg 47(5):641–644PubMedPubMedCentral
50.
go back to reference Omay SB, Carrion-Grant GM, Kuzmik GA, Fu M, Grant R, Schindler JL et al (2013) Decompressive hemicraniectomy for ischemic stroke in the pediatric population. Neurosurgery Review 36:21–25 Omay SB, Carrion-Grant GM, Kuzmik GA, Fu M, Grant R, Schindler JL et al (2013) Decompressive hemicraniectomy for ischemic stroke in the pediatric population. Neurosurgery Review 36:21–25
51.
go back to reference Hutchinson PJ, Kolias AG, Timofeev IS, Corteen EA, Czosnyka M, Timothy J et al (2016) Trial of decompressive craniectomy for traumatic intracranial hypertension. N Engl J Med 375(12):1119–1130PubMed Hutchinson PJ, Kolias AG, Timofeev IS, Corteen EA, Czosnyka M, Timothy J et al (2016) Trial of decompressive craniectomy for traumatic intracranial hypertension. N Engl J Med 375(12):1119–1130PubMed
52.
go back to reference Kolias AG, Adams H, Timofeev IS, Corteen EA, Hossain I, Czosnyka M et al (2022) Evaluation of outcomes among patients with traumatic intracranial hypertension treated with decompressive craniectomy vs standard medical care at 24 months. JAMA Neurol 79(7):664–671PubMedPubMedCentral Kolias AG, Adams H, Timofeev IS, Corteen EA, Hossain I, Czosnyka M et al (2022) Evaluation of outcomes among patients with traumatic intracranial hypertension treated with decompressive craniectomy vs standard medical care at 24 months. JAMA Neurol 79(7):664–671PubMedPubMedCentral
53.
go back to reference Cooper DJ, Rosenfeld JV, Murray L, Arabi YM, Davies AR, D’Urso P et al (2011) Decompressive craniectomy in diffuse traumatic brain injury. The New England J Med 364(16):1493–1502 Cooper DJ, Rosenfeld JV, Murray L, Arabi YM, Davies AR, D’Urso P et al (2011) Decompressive craniectomy in diffuse traumatic brain injury. The New England J Med 364(16):1493–1502
54.
go back to reference Cannarsa GJ, Simard JM (2022) Decompressive craniectomy for stroke: who, when, and how. Neurol Clin 40:321–336PubMed Cannarsa GJ, Simard JM (2022) Decompressive craniectomy for stroke: who, when, and how. Neurol Clin 40:321–336PubMed
55.
go back to reference Kolias A, Kirkpatrick P, Hutchinson P (2013) Decompressive craniectomy: past, present and future. Nat Rev Neurol 9:405–415PubMed Kolias A, Kirkpatrick P, Hutchinson P (2013) Decompressive craniectomy: past, present and future. Nat Rev Neurol 9:405–415PubMed
56.
go back to reference Shlobin NA, Clark JR, Campbell JM, Bernstein M, Jahromi BS, Potts MB (2022) Ethical considerations in surgical decompression for stroke. Stroke 53(8):2673–2682PubMed Shlobin NA, Clark JR, Campbell JM, Bernstein M, Jahromi BS, Potts MB (2022) Ethical considerations in surgical decompression for stroke. Stroke 53(8):2673–2682PubMed
57.
go back to reference Taylor A, Butt W, Rosenfeld J, Shann F, Ditchfield M, Lewis E et al (2001) A randomized trial of very early decompressive craniectomy in children with traumatic brain injury and sustained intracranial hypertension. Child’s Nerv Syst 17:154–162 Taylor A, Butt W, Rosenfeld J, Shann F, Ditchfield M, Lewis E et al (2001) A randomized trial of very early decompressive craniectomy in children with traumatic brain injury and sustained intracranial hypertension. Child’s Nerv Syst 17:154–162
58.
go back to reference Mallick AA, Ganesan V, Kirkham FJ, Fallon P, Hedderly T, McShane T et al (2014) Childhood arterial ischaemic stroke incidence, presenting features, and risk factors: a prospective population-based study. The Lancet Neurol 13(1):35–43PubMed Mallick AA, Ganesan V, Kirkham FJ, Fallon P, Hedderly T, McShane T et al (2014) Childhood arterial ischaemic stroke incidence, presenting features, and risk factors: a prospective population-based study. The Lancet Neurol 13(1):35–43PubMed
59.
go back to reference Goeggel Simonetti B, Rafay MF, Chung M, Lo WD, Beslow LA, Billinghurst LL et al (2020) Comparative study of posterior and anterior circulation stroke in childhood. Neurology 94(4):e337–e344PubMedPubMedCentral Goeggel Simonetti B, Rafay MF, Chung M, Lo WD, Beslow LA, Billinghurst LL et al (2020) Comparative study of posterior and anterior circulation stroke in childhood. Neurology 94(4):e337–e344PubMedPubMedCentral
60.
go back to reference Singh RK, Zecavati N, Singh J, Kaulas H, Nelson KB, Dean NP et al (2012) Seizures in acute childhood stroke. J Pediatr 160(2):291–296PubMed Singh RK, Zecavati N, Singh J, Kaulas H, Nelson KB, Dean NP et al (2012) Seizures in acute childhood stroke. J Pediatr 160(2):291–296PubMed
61.
go back to reference Yock-Corrales A, Varela-Bulgarelli F, Barboza C, Gutierrez-Mata A, Mackay MT, Babl F (2018) Presentation of acute childhood stroke in a tertiary pediatric emergency department: pediatric emergency care 34(8):552–557 Yock-Corrales A, Varela-Bulgarelli F, Barboza C, Gutierrez-Mata A, Mackay MT, Babl F (2018) Presentation of acute childhood stroke in a tertiary pediatric emergency department: pediatric emergency care 34(8):552–557
62.
go back to reference Sun LR, Lynch JK (2023) Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. Neurotherapeutics 1–22 Sun LR, Lynch JK (2023) Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. Neurotherapeutics 1–22
63.
go back to reference Rivkin MJ, Bernard TJ, Dowling MM, Amlie-Lefond C (2016) Guidelines for urgent management of stroke in children. Pediatr Neurol 56:8–17PubMed Rivkin MJ, Bernard TJ, Dowling MM, Amlie-Lefond C (2016) Guidelines for urgent management of stroke in children. Pediatr Neurol 56:8–17PubMed
64.
go back to reference Lehman LL, Beslow LA, Steinlin M, Kossorotoff M, Mackay MT (2019) What will improve pediatric acute stroke care? Stroke 50(2):249–256PubMed Lehman LL, Beslow LA, Steinlin M, Kossorotoff M, Mackay MT (2019) What will improve pediatric acute stroke care? Stroke 50(2):249–256PubMed
65.
go back to reference Andrews BT, Pitts LH (1991) Functional recovery after traumatic transtentorial herniation: neurosurgery 227 Andrews BT, Pitts LH (1991) Functional recovery after traumatic transtentorial herniation: neurosurgery 227
66.
go back to reference Güresir E, Schuss P, Seifert V, Vatter H (2012) Decompressive craniectomy in children: single-center series and systematic review. Neurosurgery 70(4):881–889PubMed Güresir E, Schuss P, Seifert V, Vatter H (2012) Decompressive craniectomy in children: single-center series and systematic review. Neurosurgery 70(4):881–889PubMed
68.
go back to reference Kitchen L, Westmacott R, Friefeld S, MacGregor D, Curtis R, Allen A et al (2012) The pediatric stroke outcome measure a validation and reliability study. Stroke 43:1602–1608PubMed Kitchen L, Westmacott R, Friefeld S, MacGregor D, Curtis R, Allen A et al (2012) The pediatric stroke outcome measure a validation and reliability study. Stroke 43:1602–1608PubMed
69.
go back to reference Grant GA (2014) Is there a role for decompressive craniectomy in children after stroke? World Neurosurg Grant GA (2014) Is there a role for decompressive craniectomy in children after stroke? World Neurosurg
70.
go back to reference Kazmi SO, Sivakumar S, Karakitsos D, Alharthy A, Lazaridis C (2018) Cerebral pathophysiology in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: pitfalls in daily clinical management. Crit Care Res Prac 2018:1–11 Kazmi SO, Sivakumar S, Karakitsos D, Alharthy A, Lazaridis C (2018) Cerebral pathophysiology in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: pitfalls in daily clinical management. Crit Care Res Prac 2018:1–11
71.
go back to reference Mayne EW, Mailo JA, Pabst L, Pulcine E, Harrar DB, Waak M et al (2022) Pediatric stroke and cardiac disease: challenges in recognition and management. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology 1(43):100992 Mayne EW, Mailo JA, Pabst L, Pulcine E, Harrar DB, Waak M et al (2022) Pediatric stroke and cardiac disease: challenges in recognition and management. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology 1(43):100992
72.
go back to reference Honeybul S (2020) Ethics in neurosurgical practice. Cambridge University Press Honeybul S (2020) Ethics in neurosurgical practice. Cambridge University Press
73.
go back to reference Harrar DB, Sun LR, Segal JB, Lee S, Sansevere AJ (2023) Neuromonitoring in children with cerebrovascular disorders. Neurocrit Care 38:486–503PubMed Harrar DB, Sun LR, Segal JB, Lee S, Sansevere AJ (2023) Neuromonitoring in children with cerebrovascular disorders. Neurocrit Care 38:486–503PubMed
74.
go back to reference Couret D, Boumaza D, Grisotto C, Triglia T, Pellegrini L, Ocquidant P et al (2016) Reliability of standard pupillometry practice in neurocritical care: an observational, double-blinded study. Crit Care 20(99):1–9 Couret D, Boumaza D, Grisotto C, Triglia T, Pellegrini L, Ocquidant P et al (2016) Reliability of standard pupillometry practice in neurocritical care: an observational, double-blinded study. Crit Care 20(99):1–9
Metadata
Title
Decompressive hemicraniectomy in pediatric malignant arterial ischemic stroke: a case-based review
Authors
Audrey Carlhan-Ledermann
Andrea Bartoli
Fabienne Gebistorf
Maurice Beghetti
Tornike Sologashvili
Monica Rebollo Polo
Joel Fluss
Publication date
26-07-2023
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Child's Nervous System / Issue 9/2023
Print ISSN: 0256-7040
Electronic ISSN: 1433-0350
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-023-06086-w

Other articles of this Issue 9/2023

Child's Nervous System 9/2023 Go to the issue