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Open Access 25-04-2024 | Shoulder Stiffness | Original Paper

Impacts of preoperative anxiety and depression on pain and range of motion after arthroscopic frozen shoulder release: a cohort study

Authors: Yahia Haroun, Ahmed Saeed Younis, Wessam Fakhery Ebied, Mohamed Amr Hemida, Ahmed H. Khater

Published in: International Orthopaedics

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Abstract

Purpose

We aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative anxiety and depression levels on baseline and postoperative pain in patients who underwent arthroscopic frozen shoulder release.

Methods

The study included 59 patients with more than three months of idiopathic frozen shoulder. All patients had arthroscopic frozen shoulder release. Two patients were excluded from statistical analysis. Therefore, the statistical analysis was performed on the remaining 57 patients. The patients were divided into two groups according to HADS scores: group 1 which included 28 patients with a healthy psychological status (anxiety ≤ 7 and depression ≤ 7), and Group 2, which included 29 patients with psychological distress ( anxiety ≥ 8 or depression ≥ 8).

Results

The hallmark finding of this study is that patients complaining of frozen shoulder symptoms and having psychological distress (HADS ≥ 8) experienced higher pain scores preoperatively and at one-year follow-up after arthroscopic release. All patients showed significant improvement between the preoperative period and the one year follow-up regarding the abduction, forward flexion, external rotation at the side and the VAS pain score with a P value of 0.001.

Conclusions

Arthroscopic frozen shoulder release significantly lowers the VAS pain score over the 12-month.
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Metadata
Title
Impacts of preoperative anxiety and depression on pain and range of motion after arthroscopic frozen shoulder release: a cohort study
Authors
Yahia Haroun
Ahmed Saeed Younis
Wessam Fakhery Ebied
Mohamed Amr Hemida
Ahmed H. Khater
Publication date
25-04-2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
International Orthopaedics
Print ISSN: 0341-2695
Electronic ISSN: 1432-5195
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-024-06186-5