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Published in: Archives of Women's Mental Health 3/2024

29-12-2023 | Original Article

Prevalence of common mental disorders in southern Brazilian women: a comparison of two population-based studies (2003 vs. 2015)

Authors: Débie Garlet Osmari, Anderson Garcez, Cristiano Tschiedel Belem da Silva, Juvenal Soares Dias-da-Costa, Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto

Published in: Archives of Women's Mental Health | Issue 3/2024

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Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of common mental disorders (CMD) in women, and comparing them in two periods, 2003 and 2015.

Methods

A comparative study was conducted between two surveys with representative samples of women aged 20–60 years residing in southern Brazil. The final sample included 988 and 987 women from the 2003 and 2015 surveys, respectively. The presence of CMD was assessed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20 ≥ 8) in both surveys. Poisson regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations between the outcome (CMD) and variables of interest.

Results

The mean age of the participants was 38.5 ± 11.1 years (2003) and 40.3 ± 11.4 years (2015). In 2003, the prevalence of CMD was 33.4% (95%CI: 30.5–36.3) and in 2015, it was 33.7% (95%CI: 30.8–36.7). Over 12 years, no significant differences were observed in the prevalence of CMD, except for a reduction in the prevalence in women of color and physically active. After adjusting, the prevalence ratios of CMD in 2003 and 2015 remained associated with low family income, a higher number of pregnancies, and tobacco use.

Conclusions

This study showed a trend toward stability in the high prevalence of CMD among women.
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Metadata
Title
Prevalence of common mental disorders in southern Brazilian women: a comparison of two population-based studies (2003 vs. 2015)
Authors
Débie Garlet Osmari
Anderson Garcez
Cristiano Tschiedel Belem da Silva
Juvenal Soares Dias-da-Costa
Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto
Publication date
29-12-2023
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Published in
Archives of Women's Mental Health / Issue 3/2024
Print ISSN: 1434-1816
Electronic ISSN: 1435-1102
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-023-01415-z

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