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Published in: Journal of Parasitic Diseases 3/2022

21-03-2022 | Praziquantel | Original Article

Contrasting epidemiology of urogenital schistosomiasis among pastoral communities surrounding three Ramsar wetland in Nigeria

Authors: O. G. Ajakaye, A. G. Dagona, A. G. Haladu, A. Ombugadu, M. P. Lapang, E. E. Enabulele

Published in: Journal of Parasitic Diseases | Issue 3/2022

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Abstract

Suspected changes in the epidemiology of schistosomiasis due to several hybridization reports between human and livestock Schistosoma species in Africa calls for epidemiological investigations among potential high-risk groups and sites. Although the use of wetlands for pastoralism has been linked to schistosomiasis, there is limited information on the epidemiology of the disease among pastoralists in Nigeria. In this study, urine samples from 355 participants from pastoral communities settled around three Ramsar wetlands (Wetlands of International Importance) in Nigeria, (Dagona Sanctuary, Maladumba, and Pandam-Wase) were screened for the eggs of Schistosoma haematobium. Only participants in the Dagona Sanctuary were infected with 34.2% prevalence. Macrohematuria was however observed in some individuals at the Dagona Sanctuary wetland (2.5%) and Maladumba (2.8%). Regular praziquantel administration, functional health care facilities and awareness about schistosomiasis were contributory factors to the contrasting epidemiology of the disease among the study population. Schistosomiasis control requires the inclusion of pastoral and nomadic communities in mass drug administration of praziquantel based on a community-directed intervention strategy.
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Metadata
Title
Contrasting epidemiology of urogenital schistosomiasis among pastoral communities surrounding three Ramsar wetland in Nigeria
Authors
O. G. Ajakaye
A. G. Dagona
A. G. Haladu
A. Ombugadu
M. P. Lapang
E. E. Enabulele
Publication date
21-03-2022
Publisher
Springer India
Published in
Journal of Parasitic Diseases / Issue 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0971-7196
Electronic ISSN: 0975-0703
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-022-01478-2

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