Intracranial vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm (IVADA) is a rare type of aneurysm with high morbidity and mortality. Recently, the application of pipeline embolization devices (PEDs) has been extended to IVADAs. Here, we aim to investigate the safety and effectiveness of PEDs for IVADAs.
We retrospectively reviewed the PLUS database to identify patients who had IVADAs and were treated with PEDs from 2014 to 2019 at 14 centers across China. Data including patient and aneurysm characteristics, procedure details, angiographic and clinical results, relationship with the ipsilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), and patency of the PICA following PED coverage were analyzed.
In this study 52 consecutive patients with 52 IVADAs were included. The mean age was 52.33 years and 82.7% were male. With a median follow-up of 10.5 months, the complete occlusion rate was 93.8% (45/48) and no recurrence or in-stent stenosis was detected. The total postoperative complication rate and mortality were 11.5% and 1.9%, respectively. Complications occurred in 9.6% (5/52) of patients within 30 days after the operation, including ischemic stroke in 3 and hemorrhagic stroke in 2. Another patient suffered an ischemic stroke at follow-up, 78.8% (41/52) PICAs were covered by PEDs, 1 case (2.4%) had a functional disability due to PICA occlusion, while 39.0% (16/41) had reduced flow during follow-up but hardly caused any obvious neurological deficits. Patients with IVADA involving PICA had a trend towards more complications (66.7% vs. 51.1%; P = 1).
Treating IVADAs with PEDs may be a safe and effective option, with favorable clinical and angiographic outcomes; however, complications associated with this treatment should not be ignored.
http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03831672