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Pediatrics Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric Cardiology

Open Access Chronic Kidney Disease Review

Role of hypertension in CV outcomes in children with CKD

Cardiovascular health is critical to the long-term outcomes of children with chronic kidney disease. Recognizing and treating hypertension is critical for improving outcomes in these young patients. 

Editor's Choice

Pediatric hypertension doubles the risk for developing MACE

31-05-2024 Hypertension News

Children with hypertension are at an increased long-term risk for major adverse cardiac events compared with children without hypertension.

Mental health care for children with congenital heart disease

Free for a limited time Congenital Heart Anomaly Review

Raising awareness about the psychological challenges of CHD is no longer enough. Cardiologists and pediatricians need strategies to prevent and manage distress while promoting resilience and mental wellbeing.

Arterial duct stenting

Open Access Congenital Heart Anomaly Review

Arterial duct stenting was designed for the treatment of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Whilst promising outcomes have been recorded, it's vital to understand the benefits, weaknesses, and complications associated with ductal stenting.

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Case Studies

Double trouble: dual outflow tract obstruction

Open Access Congenital Heart Anomaly Case Study

Do you know the symptoms of a double chambered right ventricle in a child? Discover how to recognise, diagnose, and treat such cases in your clinic with this insightful case report.

Bacterial endocarditis caused by contact lens use

Open Access Endocarditis Case Study

A 17-year-old female presented with high fever, general fatigue, and dim eyesight. She had used colored contact lenses 3 weeks previously. Traumatic injury of the eye vessels led to systemic hematogenous infection and subsequent endocarditis. 

Implantable monitor for heart failure in DMD

Open Access Telemonitoring in Cardiology Case Study

Assessing heart failure progression in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is challenging due to the multisystem nature of the disease. This is the first use of an implantable pulmonary artery pressure monitor.

Current Reviews

Hereditary TTP/Upshaw–Schulman syndrome: the ductus arteriosus controls newborn survival

Hereditary TTP (hTTP), termed Upshaw–Schulman syndrome, is an ultra-rare disorder caused by a severe deficiency of plasma ADAMTS13 activity that allows circulation of ultra-large von Willebrand factor (UL-VWF) multimers. The greatest risk for hTTP …

Diagnostic work-up and current management strategies for infective endocarditis in the pediatric population

Endocarditis Review Article

Infective endocarditis (IE) remains a serious disease that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and despite the significant advances that have been made in understanding the disease process in past decades, its incidence appears …

Understanding the Genetic and Non-Genetic Interconnections in the Aetiology of Syndromic Congenital Heart Disease: An Updated Review: Part 2

Trisomy 21 Congenital Heart Disease (RA Krasuski and G Fleming, Section Editors)

Congenital heart diseases (CHDs) are among the most common human congenital malformations, with current estimated reports of approximately 6 to 8 per 1000 live births worldwide [ 1 ], and accounting for nearly one-third of all major congenital …

Use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to monitor neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal life support


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an invasive life support technique that requires a blood pump, an artificial membrane lung, and vascular cannulae to drain de-oxygenated blood, remove carbon dioxide, oxygenate, and return it to the …

Further Reading

Novel Uses of the SwiftNinja Steerable Microcatheter for Pediatric Cardiovascular Interventions

Open Access Patent Ductus Arteriosus Original Article

In the present era, the intricacy of procedures undertaken by a pediatric interventional cardiologist has increased, primarily attributed to dealing with smaller, younger patients with more complex anatomies. To adapt to these smaller and more …

Double ventricular response in a healthy adolescent

Open Access Cardiac Arrhythmia Case Report

An unusual case of a healthy adolescent with an irregular rhythm who was found to have double ventricular response with resulting biventricular systolic dysfunction.

Nationwide hospitalizations of patients with down syndrome and congenital heart disease over a 15-year period

Open Access Trisomy 21 Research

Down syndrome is one of the most common genetic diseases, generally associated with an increased probability of congenital heart diseases. This increased risk contributes to escalated levels of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we sought to …

Factors affecting length of stay according to bronchopulmonary dysplasia severity: a nationwide cohort study in Korea

Open Access Patent Ductus Arteriosus Original Article

Premature birth, the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age (GA), is common and affects 6%–14% of pregnancies [ 1 ]. Approximately 15 million premature neonates are born annually worldwide [ 2 ]. The survival rate of premature …

Related topics

Cardiac arrhythmias in cancer patients

Open Access Atrial Fibrillation Review

A broad update on the epidemiology, risk factors, and management of cardiac arrhythmias in patients undergoing treatment for cancer. 

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