Diabetes mellitus (DM) and the risk of Parkinson’s disease (PD) have been linked in previous studies. But the outcomes are still up for debate. This meta-analysis examined how DM affected the likelihood of developing PD.
A comprehensive search of international databases, including Medline (PubMed), Web of Sciences, Scopus, and EMBASE until January 2023, was conducted to assess the relationship between DM and PD. Cohort and case–control studies were included. Subgroup analysis was carried out based on the duration of PD, continent, age, PD criteria, DM criteria, and effect size.
In the meta-analysis, 25 studies encompassing a total of 39,209,316 participants were incorporated. The collective estimation of the relative risk concerning the association between Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Parkinson's Disease (PD) yielded a value of 1.22 (95% CI 1.08–1.37). Subsequent subgroup analyses unveiled a heightened risk of DM among patients in the Asian demographic, particularly those of a younger age and a longer duration of PD. The findings from our comprehensive meta-analysis underscore a potentially emerging connection between DM and PD.
These results showed that people with DM are more susceptible to developing other neurological diseases, such as PD, indicating that efforts are required to prevent the progression of such diseases among individuals with DM.