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09-05-2024 | Pancreaticojejunostomy | Original Article

How I do it. Pancreatojejunostomy: surgical tips to mitigate the severity of postoperative pancreatic fistulas after open or minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy

Authors: Marcel C. Machado, Marcel A. Machado

Published in: Updates in Surgery

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Abstract

Pancreatoduodenectomy is the most appropriate technique for the treatment of periampullary tumors. In the past, this procedure was associated with high mortality and morbidity, but with improvements in patient selection, anesthesia, and surgical technique, mortality has decreased to less than 5%. However, morbidity remains increased due to various complications such as delayed gastric emptying, bleeding, abdominal collections, and abscesses, most of which are related to the pancreatojejunostomy leak. Clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula is the most dangerous and is related to other complications including mortality. The incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula ranges from 5–30%. Various techniques have been developed to reduce the severity of pancreatic fistulas, from the use of an isolated jejunal loop for pancreatojejunostomy to binding and invagination anastomoses. Even total pancreatectomy has been considered to avoid pancreatic fistula, but the late effects of this procedure are unacceptable, especially in relatively young patients. Recent studies on the main techniques of pancreatojejunostomy concluded that duct-to-mucosa anastomosis is advisable, but no technique eliminates the risk of pancreatic fistula. The purpose of this study is to highlight technical details and tips that may reduce the severity of pancreatic fistula after pancreatojejunostomy during open or minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy.
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Metadata
Title
How I do it. Pancreatojejunostomy: surgical tips to mitigate the severity of postoperative pancreatic fistulas after open or minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy
Authors
Marcel C. Machado
Marcel A. Machado
Publication date
09-05-2024
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Updates in Surgery
Print ISSN: 2038-131X
Electronic ISSN: 2038-3312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13304-024-01867-7
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