Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynecological cancer death. Improved understanding of the biologic pathways and introduction of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) during the last decade have changed the treatment landscape. This has improved outcomes, but unfortunately half the women with ovarian cancer still succumb to the disease within 5 years of diagnosis. Pathways of resistance to PARPi and chemotherapy have been studied extensively, but there is an unmet need to overcome treatment failure and improve outcome. Major mechanisms of PARPi resistance include restoration of homologous recombination repair activity, alteration of PARP function, stabilization of the replication fork, drug efflux, and activation of alternate pathways. These resistant mechanisms can be targeted to sensitize the resistant ovarian cancer cells either by rechallenging with PARPi, overcoming resistance mechanism or bypassing resistance pathways. Augmenting the PARPi activity by combining it with other targets in the DNA damage response pathway, antiangiogenic agents and immune checkpoint inhibitors can potentially overcome the resistance mechanisms. Methods to bypass resistance include targeting non-cross-resistant pathways acting independent of homologous recombination repair (HRR), modulating tumour microenvironment, and enhancing drug delivery systems such as antibody drug conjugates. In this review, we will discuss the first-line management of ovarian cancer, resistance mechanisms and potential strategies to overcome these.