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17-06-2024 | Opioids | Reports of Original Investigations

Postoperative analgesic consumption for primary versus first repeat Cesarean delivery: a historical cohort study

Authors: Romel Holmes, MS, Jong Ok La, MS, Matthew Fuller, MS, Ashraf S. Habib, MBBCh, MHSc, FRCA

Published in: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie

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Abstract

Purpose

It is unclear if postoperative pain experience and opioid consumption differ in patients undergoing primary vs repeat Cesarean delivery (CD) as prior studies have yielded conflicting results and none used the same patients as their own controls. We sought to compare opioid consumption and pain scores in patients undergoing both a primary and a first repeat CD, using the same patients as their own controls.

Methods

We conducted a single-centre historical cohort study of patients who underwent both a primary and a first repeat CD under neuraxial anesthesia between 1 January 2016 and 30 November 2022. The same standardized multimodal analgesic regimen was used for all patients. The primary outcome was opioid consumption in oral morphine equivalents (OME) at 48 hr after surgery. Secondary outcomes included area under the curve for pain scores at 24 and 48 hr, and opioid consumption at 24 hr.

Results

We included 409 patients. In unadjusted analysis, there were no significant differences between primary and repeat CD in median [interquartile range] opioid consumption at 48 hr (45 [15–89] mg vs 45 [15–83] mg OME) or in any of the secondary outcomes. In the multivariable model adjusting for age, body mass index, anxiety, depression, priority, surgery duration, gestational age, receipt of postoperative ketorolac, and neuraxial type, repeat CD was still not associated with increased opioid consumption compared with primary CD (adjusted rate ratio, 1.20; 95% confidence interval, 0.95 to 1.51).

Conclusion

In this retrospective study, we found no differences in postoperative opioid consumption or reported pain scores in patients who underwent both a primary and a first repeat CD.
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Literature
Metadata
Title
Postoperative analgesic consumption for primary versus first repeat Cesarean delivery: a historical cohort study
Authors
Romel Holmes, MS
Jong Ok La, MS
Matthew Fuller, MS
Ashraf S. Habib, MBBCh, MHSc, FRCA
Publication date
17-06-2024
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie
Print ISSN: 0832-610X
Electronic ISSN: 1496-8975
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12630-024-02786-2