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26-07-2023 | Obesity | Original article

Low Perception of Obesity as a Pathological Condition Among Italian Cardiologists

Authors: Armando Ferrera, Allegra Battistoni, Oreste Lanza, Chiara Rossi, Giuliano Tocci, Massimo Volpe

Published in: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention | Issue 4/2023

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Abstract

Introduction

Obesity is not only an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor but also a chronic disease with relevant consequences on morbidity and mortality in the general population. According to European guidelines, cardiologists must recognize and treat it properly.

Aims

To assess perception of obesity as a modifiable pathological condition and the importance to treat it in a real-world sample of cardiologists and residents in cardiology.

Methods

A nationwide, web-based, epidemiological survey on the perception of obesity as a disease and as a modifiable cardiovascular risk factors was conducted in 137 medical doctors (cardiologists and residents in cardiology). Participants filled with their answers a questionnaire of 31 questions about perception of obesity and strategies on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice.

Results

Of 137 individuals enrolled in our survey only 5 (3.6%) reported to measure waist circumference in their clinical practice and only 3 (2.2%) reported to measure waist-to-hip ratio. One-hundred-twenty participants (87.6%) would not prescribe an anti-obesity drug to a patient with grade II obesity. Sixty-eight (49.6%) participants have never read or heard of a clinical trial on obesity. On the other hand, 134 (97.8%) routinely measured blood pressure in their clinical practice, 129 (94.2%) would prescribe a statin for a hypercholesterolemic patient and 132 (96.4%) subjects have read/heard a clinical trial on type 2 diabetes in their life.

Conclusions

Although obesity is a chronic disease and an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor such as arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cigarette smoke and diabetes, cardiologists and residents in cardiology substantially underestimate it ignoring that it should be treated as a proper disease.
Literature
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go back to reference NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from. to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet Lond Engl. 1975;2017(390):2627–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32129-3.CrossRef NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from. to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet Lond Engl. 1975;2017(390):2627–42. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​S0140-6736(17)32129-3.CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Low Perception of Obesity as a Pathological Condition Among Italian Cardiologists
Authors
Armando Ferrera
Allegra Battistoni
Oreste Lanza
Chiara Rossi
Giuliano Tocci
Massimo Volpe
Publication date
26-07-2023
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention / Issue 4/2023
Print ISSN: 1120-9879
Electronic ISSN: 1179-1985
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40292-023-00588-z

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