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Published in: Sport Sciences for Health 2/2024

22-09-2023 | Research

Match peak speeds, maximum accelerations, and maximum decelerations differ in young football players: expression of maximal capacities is dependent of match context

Authors: Hugo Silva, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, David Casamichana, Eider Barba, Julen Castellano, Rui Marcelino

Published in: Sport Sciences for Health | Issue 2/2024

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to compare peak speeds, maximal accelerations, and decelerations during football matches and field tests among young players divided into age-categories (U15, U17, U19, and U21).

Methods

Performance variables were analyzed during competition across the season. Differences between groups of maximal speeds and accelerations capacities were assessed with field tests (0–30 m and 0–5 m). Differences were estimated with independent mean differences.

Results

During matches, U15 reached lower peak speeds than U17 (ES [90% CI]: 0.65 [0.40–0.92]), U19 (ES: 0.77 [0.52–1.03]), and U21 (ES: 0.56 [0.32–0.81]), lower maximal acceleration magnitudes than U17 (ES: 0.32 [0.06–0.58]) and U19 (ES: 0.27 [0.03–0.52]), but higher than U21 (ES: 0.08 [0.00–0.48]) and lower maximal deceleration magnitudes than U17 (ES: 0.71 [0.45–0.98]) and U19 (ES: 0.51 [0.27–0.76]), but higher than U21 (ES: 0.08 [0.16–0.32]). Differences between U17, U19, and U21 of peak speeds and maximal accelerations were unclear. U21 reached higher maximal decelerations than U17 (ES: 0.77 [0.47–1.09]) and U19 (ES: 0.58 [0.30–0.88]), while the difference between U17 and U19 was unclear. Field tests showed better performances as the age increased.

Conclusion

During football matches, players may face opportunities to achieve higher speeds and higher accelerations and decelerations. Field tests portrait players’ capacities, but the expression of those capacities is dependent of the match context. Tactical approaches can be prepared according to players’ capacities and match characteristics of the specific age group.
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Metadata
Title
Match peak speeds, maximum accelerations, and maximum decelerations differ in young football players: expression of maximal capacities is dependent of match context
Authors
Hugo Silva
Fábio Yuzo Nakamura
David Casamichana
Eider Barba
Julen Castellano
Rui Marcelino
Publication date
22-09-2023
Publisher
Springer Milan
Published in
Sport Sciences for Health / Issue 2/2024
Print ISSN: 1824-7490
Electronic ISSN: 1825-1234
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-023-01124-1

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