Skip to main content
Top

26-07-2023 | Malnutrition | Review Article

The prevalence of malnutrition in Iranian older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors: Ali Asghar Khaleghi, Ahmad Abdullahi, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Nader Salari, Masoud Mohammadi

Published in: Journal of Public Health

Login to get access

Abstract

Objective

Malnutrition is one of the most common health concerns among the elderly population of Iran, yet previous studies in this field in Iran report varied and even contradictory malnutrition rates. Thus, this study aims to provide a pooled prevalence of malnutrition among Iranian older adults.

Materials and methods

The Scopus, ScienceDirect, SID, MagIran, Barakat Knowledge Network System, Medline (PubMed), and Google Scholar databases were searched to find related studies published between January 2000 and August 2021. A total of 835 articles were identified through the initial search. Following the PRISMA guidelines, 636 duplicate articles, 173 irrelevant articles, and an additional 4 articles at the secondary review were omitted, which resulted in a total of 22 articles remaining for analyses. The extracted data were analyzed within Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software.

Results

The heterogeneity of the studies was evaluated using the I2 test (I2 = 98.7%). Publication bias was examined with the Egger’s test, which was not statistically significant (P = 0.389). In the study of 9071 Iranians aged 60–90 years, the pooled prevalence of malnutrition was found to be 10.7% (95% CI 7.7–14.7%). In addition, the prevalence of malnutrition in Iranian older adults decreased with increasing sample size, which was significantly different (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

Considering the high prevalence of malnutrition in Iranian older adults, it is necessary for health policy makers to undertake effective relevant training. In addition, it is vital to plan periodic screening programs for Iranian older adults.
Footnotes
1
Identification, Screening, Eligibility, and Included.
 
Literature
go back to reference Aliabadi M, Kimiagar M, Ghayoor Mobarhan M, IlityFaizabadi A (2007) Prevalence of malnutrition and factors related to it in the older adult subjects in Khorasan Razavi province, Iran, 2006. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol 2(3):45–56 Aliabadi M, Kimiagar M, Ghayoor Mobarhan M, IlityFaizabadi A (2007) Prevalence of malnutrition and factors related to it in the older adult subjects in Khorasan Razavi province, Iran, 2006. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol 2(3):45–56
go back to reference Ahmadzadeh A, Akbari Kamrani AA, Zanjari N, Bakhshi E, Ahmadzadeh M, Namkhah Z, Nosratabadi S (2019) Malnutrition and Its Related Factors in Older adult Covered by the Social Security Organization Hospitalized in Mashhad Hospitals. J Iran Inst Health Sci Res. Payesh 18(4):369–380 Ahmadzadeh A, Akbari Kamrani AA, Zanjari N, Bakhshi E, Ahmadzadeh M, Namkhah Z, Nosratabadi S (2019) Malnutrition and Its Related Factors in Older adult Covered by the Social Security Organization Hospitalized in Mashhad Hospitals. J Iran Inst Health Sci Res. Payesh 18(4):369–380
go back to reference Amirkalali B, Sharifi F, Fakhrzadeh H et al (2010) Evaluation of the mini nutritional assessment in the older adult, Tehran, Iran. Public Health Nutr 13(9):1373–1379PubMedCrossRef Amirkalali B, Sharifi F, Fakhrzadeh H et al (2010) Evaluation of the mini nutritional assessment in the older adult, Tehran, Iran. Public Health Nutr 13(9):1373–1379PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Afkhami A, Keshavarz SA, Rahimi FA et al (2004) (2008) Nutritional status and associated non- dietary factors in the older adult living in nursing homes of Tehran and Shemiranat. Payesh 7(3):211–217 Afkhami A, Keshavarz SA, Rahimi FA et al (2004) (2008) Nutritional status and associated non- dietary factors in the older adult living in nursing homes of Tehran and Shemiranat. Payesh 7(3):211–217
go back to reference Abolghasem Gorji H, Alikhani M, Mohseni M, Moradi-Joo M, Ziaiifar H, Moosavi A (2017) The prevalence of malnutrition in Iranian older adult: a review article. Iran J Public Health 46(12):1603–1610PubMedPubMedCentral Abolghasem Gorji H, Alikhani M, Mohseni M, Moradi-Joo M, Ziaiifar H, Moosavi A (2017) The prevalence of malnutrition in Iranian older adult: a review article. Iran J Public Health 46(12):1603–1610PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Amaral TF, Matos LC, Teixeira MA, Tavares MM, Alvares L, Antunes A (2010) Undernutrition and associated factors among hospitalized patients. Clin Nutr (Edinburgh, Scotland) 29:5805CrossRef Amaral TF, Matos LC, Teixeira MA, Tavares MM, Alvares L, Antunes A (2010) Undernutrition and associated factors among hospitalized patients. Clin Nutr (Edinburgh, Scotland) 29:5805CrossRef
go back to reference Alzahrani SH, Alamri SH (2017) Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among hospitalized elderly patients in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Bio Med Cent Geriatr 17:136 Alzahrani SH, Alamri SH (2017) Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among hospitalized elderly patients in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Bio Med Cent Geriatr 17:136
go back to reference Brantervik AM, Jacobsson IE, Grimby A, Wallen TC, Bosaeus IG (2005) Older hospitalised patients at risk of malnutrition: correlation with quality of life, aid from the social welfare system and length of stay? Age Ageing 34:444–449PubMedCrossRef Brantervik AM, Jacobsson IE, Grimby A, Wallen TC, Bosaeus IG (2005) Older hospitalised patients at risk of malnutrition: correlation with quality of life, aid from the social welfare system and length of stay? Age Ageing 34:444–449PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cuervo M, Garcıa A, Ansorena D, Sanchez-Villegas A, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Astiasaran I et al (2008) Nutritional assessment interpretation on 22,007 Spanish community dwelling elders through the mini nutritional assessment test. Pub Health Nutr 12(1):82–90CrossRef Cuervo M, Garcıa A, Ansorena D, Sanchez-Villegas A, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Astiasaran I et al (2008) Nutritional assessment interpretation on 22,007 Spanish community dwelling elders through the mini nutritional assessment test. Pub Health Nutr 12(1):82–90CrossRef
go back to reference Constans T (2003) Malnutrition in the older adult. Rev Prat 53(5):275–279PubMed Constans T (2003) Malnutrition in the older adult. Rev Prat 53(5):275–279PubMed
go back to reference Christine S, Norman K, Wagner KH, Hartig W, Lochs H, Pirlich M (2009) Malnutrition and depression in the institutionalized older adult. Br J Nutr 102:1663–1667CrossRef Christine S, Norman K, Wagner KH, Hartig W, Lochs H, Pirlich M (2009) Malnutrition and depression in the institutionalized older adult. Br J Nutr 102:1663–1667CrossRef
go back to reference Chang CC, Roberts BL (2008) Feeding difficulty in older adults with dementia. J Clin Nurs 17:2266–2274PubMedCrossRef Chang CC, Roberts BL (2008) Feeding difficulty in older adults with dementia. J Clin Nurs 17:2266–2274PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Drescher T, Singler K, Ulrich A, Koller M, Keller U, Christ-Crain M et al (2010) Comparison of two malnutrition risk screening methods (MNA and NRS 2002) and their association with markers of protein malnutrition in geriatric hospitalized patients. Eur J Clin Nutr 64:887–893PubMedCrossRef Drescher T, Singler K, Ulrich A, Koller M, Keller U, Christ-Crain M et al (2010) Comparison of two malnutrition risk screening methods (MNA and NRS 2002) and their association with markers of protein malnutrition in geriatric hospitalized patients. Eur J Clin Nutr 64:887–893PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dehdari T, Delvarinzadeh M, Araeian N, Khosravi F, Aisa B. (2019) Association of Demographic and Some age related with Nutritional Status in Older adult in nursing home in Semnan. Salmand Iran J Ageing 14(2):5–5 Dehdari T, Delvarinzadeh M, Araeian N, Khosravi F, Aisa B. (2019) Association of Demographic and Some age related with Nutritional Status in Older adult in nursing home in Semnan. Salmand Iran J Ageing 14(2):5–5
go back to reference Doostan F, Safizadeh H, Kazemzadeh H, Asadi MR, Delbari A, Borhaninejad VR (2016) Nutritional status and its associated factors in older adult with diabetes, 2015. Iran J Ageing 11(3):384–391 Doostan F, Safizadeh H, Kazemzadeh H, Asadi MR, Delbari A, Borhaninejad VR (2016) Nutritional status and its associated factors in older adult with diabetes, 2015. Iran J Ageing 11(3):384–391
go back to reference Dent E, Hoogendijk EO, Visvanathan R, Wright ORL (2019) Malnutrition screening and assessment in hospitalised older people: a review. J Nutr Health Aging 23(5):431–441PubMedCrossRef Dent E, Hoogendijk EO, Visvanathan R, Wright ORL (2019) Malnutrition screening and assessment in hospitalised older people: a review. J Nutr Health Aging 23(5):431–441PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ekong I, Udobang C (2015) Determinants of nutritional status of elderly patients in a tertiary hospital In Southern Nigeria. Ulutas Med J 1:36–40CrossRef Ekong I, Udobang C (2015) Determinants of nutritional status of elderly patients in a tertiary hospital In Southern Nigeria. Ulutas Med J 1:36–40CrossRef
go back to reference Edington J, Barnes R, Bryan F, Dupree E, Frost G, Hickson M et al (2004) A prospective randomized controlledtrial of nutritional supplementation in malnourished older adult in the community: clinical and health economic outcomes. Clin Nutr 23(2):195–204PubMedCrossRef Edington J, Barnes R, Bryan F, Dupree E, Frost G, Hickson M et al (2004) A prospective randomized controlledtrial of nutritional supplementation in malnourished older adult in the community: clinical and health economic outcomes. Clin Nutr 23(2):195–204PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Eftekhar ardebili H, Lashkar boloki F, Jazayeri A, Ariaei M, Minaei M (2014) Nutritional status of older adult people. Sjsph. 12(2):59–68 Eftekhar ardebili H, Lashkar boloki F, Jazayeri A, Ariaei M, Minaei M (2014) Nutritional status of older adult people. Sjsph. 12(2):59–68
go back to reference Eshaghi S, Babak A, Manzouri L, Maracy M (2007) Nutritional Status of the Older adult in Isfahan. Salmand Iran J Ageing 5:340–345 Eshaghi S, Babak A, Manzouri L, Maracy M (2007) Nutritional Status of the Older adult in Isfahan. Salmand Iran J Ageing 5:340–345
go back to reference Ebrahimi Fakhar MR, Zand S (2013) Nutritional status and associated factors in older adult residents in nursing homes. Payesh 12(2):143–149 Ebrahimi Fakhar MR, Zand S (2013) Nutritional status and associated factors in older adult residents in nursing homes. Payesh 12(2):143–149
go back to reference Ghadimi R, Moradi Z, Sajadi P (2020) Assessment of nutritional status and associated risk factors in older people. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 30(191):31–41 Ghadimi R, Moradi Z, Sajadi P (2020) Assessment of nutritional status and associated risk factors in older people. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 30(191):31–41
go back to reference Guigoz Y, Lauque S, Vellas BJ (2000) Identifying the older adult at risk for malnutrition the mini nutritional assessment. Clin Geriatr Med 18:737–757CrossRef Guigoz Y, Lauque S, Vellas BJ (2000) Identifying the older adult at risk for malnutrition the mini nutritional assessment. Clin Geriatr Med 18:737–757CrossRef
go back to reference Guigoz Y, Jensen G, Thomas D, Vellas B (2006) The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA®) review of the literature-what does it tell us? J Nutr Health Aging 10(6):466–485PubMed Guigoz Y, Jensen G, Thomas D, Vellas B (2006) The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA®) review of the literature-what does it tell us? J Nutr Health Aging 10(6):466–485PubMed
go back to reference Hosseini Moghaddam F, Nikkhah Beydokhti E, Noori R, Sajjadi M, Khajavian N, Kameli F et al (2022) Prevalence of Elder Abuse by Family Members and its Related Factors in Gonabad, Iran. Salmand Iran J Ageing 17(3):338–351CrossRef Hosseini Moghaddam F, Nikkhah Beydokhti E, Noori R, Sajjadi M, Khajavian N, Kameli F et al (2022) Prevalence of Elder Abuse by Family Members and its Related Factors in Gonabad, Iran. Salmand Iran J Ageing 17(3):338–351CrossRef
go back to reference Hossini SH, Keshavarz A, Amin A, Maleki M, Bakhshandeh Abkenar H (2010) Nutritional status and non-diet associated factors of hospitalized heart- failure older adult patients. Iran J Aging 5(2):61–66 Hossini SH, Keshavarz A, Amin A, Maleki M, Bakhshandeh Abkenar H (2010) Nutritional status and non-diet associated factors of hospitalized heart- failure older adult patients. Iran J Aging 5(2):61–66
go back to reference Khongar PD, Sadata SZ, Shab- Bidar S et al (2015) Relationships between mini nutritional assessment and functional status in older adult Iranian people living in nursing homes. JNSD 1(3):149–156 Khongar PD, Sadata SZ, Shab- Bidar S et al (2015) Relationships between mini nutritional assessment and functional status in older adult Iranian people living in nursing homes. JNSD 1(3):149–156
go back to reference Maftoon F, Nik Pour B, Majlesi F, Rahimi Foroushani A, Shariati B (2002) Elderlies and medical services: demand and utilization in Tehran. Payesh 2:51–55 Maftoon F, Nik Pour B, Majlesi F, Rahimi Foroushani A, Shariati B (2002) Elderlies and medical services: demand and utilization in Tehran. Payesh 2:51–55
go back to reference Mirarefin M, Sharifi F, Nazari N, Fakhrzedeh H, Ghaderpanahi M, Badamchizade Z (2009a) Is mini nutritional assessment a good prognostic tool of activities of daily living in older adult? Iran J Aging 4(13):7–16 Mirarefin M, Sharifi F, Nazari N, Fakhrzedeh H, Ghaderpanahi M, Badamchizade Z (2009a) Is mini nutritional assessment a good prognostic tool of activities of daily living in older adult? Iran J Aging 4(13):7–16
go back to reference Mirarefin M, Sharifi F, Nazari N, Fakhrzedeh H, Ghaderpanahi M, Badamchizade Z (2009b) Is Mini Nutritional Assessment a good prognostic tool of activities of daily living in ederly? Salmand Iran J Ageing 4(3):7–16 Mirarefin M, Sharifi F, Nazari N, Fakhrzedeh H, Ghaderpanahi M, Badamchizade Z (2009b) Is Mini Nutritional Assessment a good prognostic tool of activities of daily living in ederly? Salmand Iran J Ageing 4(3):7–16
go back to reference Mokhber N, Majdi MR, Ali- Abadi M et al (2011) Association between malnutrition and depression in older adult people in Razavi Khorasan: a population based- study in Iran. Iran J Public Health 40(2):67–74PubMedPubMedCentral Mokhber N, Majdi MR, Ali- Abadi M et al (2011) Association between malnutrition and depression in older adult people in Razavi Khorasan: a population based- study in Iran. Iran J Public Health 40(2):67–74PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Mitri R, Boulos C, Adib SM (2017) Determinants of the nutritional status of older adults in urban Lebanon. Geriatr Jerontol Int 17:424–432CrossRef Mitri R, Boulos C, Adib SM (2017) Determinants of the nutritional status of older adults in urban Lebanon. Geriatr Jerontol Int 17:424–432CrossRef
go back to reference Masomy N, Jefroodi S, Ghanbari A et al (2012) Nutritional status assessment and related factors in the retired senile. J Guilan Univ Med Sci 21(84):65–70 Masomy N, Jefroodi S, Ghanbari A et al (2012) Nutritional status assessment and related factors in the retired senile. J Guilan Univ Med Sci 21(84):65–70
go back to reference Nabavi SH, Aslani T, Ghorbani S et al (2015) The prevalence of malnutrition and its related factors among the older adult of Bojnourd, 2014. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 19(1):32–36 Nabavi SH, Aslani T, Ghorbani S et al (2015) The prevalence of malnutrition and its related factors among the older adult of Bojnourd, 2014. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 19(1):32–36
go back to reference Nazemi L, Skoog I, Karlsson I et al (2015) Malnutrition, prevalence and relation to some risk factors among older adult residents of nursing homes in Tehran, Iran. Iran J Public Health 44(2):218–227PubMedPubMedCentral Nazemi L, Skoog I, Karlsson I et al (2015) Malnutrition, prevalence and relation to some risk factors among older adult residents of nursing homes in Tehran, Iran. Iran J Public Health 44(2):218–227PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Naghibi SA, Mohammadi A, Yusefi A, Yazdani CJ (2014) The study of the nutritive condition of the older adult resident of Sari Sanatorium. Iran J Health Sci 2(2):58–62CrossRef Naghibi SA, Mohammadi A, Yusefi A, Yazdani CJ (2014) The study of the nutritive condition of the older adult resident of Sari Sanatorium. Iran J Health Sci 2(2):58–62CrossRef
go back to reference Payahoo L, Khaje- Bishak Y, Gargari BP et al (2013) Assessment of nutritional and depression status in free- living older adult in Tabriz, Northwest Iran. Health Promot Perspect 3(2):288–293PubMedPubMedCentral Payahoo L, Khaje- Bishak Y, Gargari BP et al (2013) Assessment of nutritional and depression status in free- living older adult in Tabriz, Northwest Iran. Health Promot Perspect 3(2):288–293PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Payvar B, Abbaszade A, Esteki T, Talebighane E, Safavibayat Z (2016) Nutritional status and associated factors in elderly hospitalized in cardiac care unit. Q Nurs Elder 2:49–60 Payvar B, Abbaszade A, Esteki T, Talebighane E, Safavibayat Z (2016) Nutritional status and associated factors in elderly hospitalized in cardiac care unit. Q Nurs Elder 2:49–60
go back to reference Pasdar Y, Gharetapeh A, Pashaie T et al (2010) Nutritional status using multidimensional assessment in Iranian older adult. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 15(3):178–185 Pasdar Y, Gharetapeh A, Pashaie T et al (2010) Nutritional status using multidimensional assessment in Iranian older adult. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 15(3):178–185
go back to reference Schneider SM, Hebuterne X (2000) Use of nutritional scores to predict clinical outcomes in chronic diseases. NutrRev 58(2 Pt 1):31–38 Schneider SM, Hebuterne X (2000) Use of nutritional scores to predict clinical outcomes in chronic diseases. NutrRev 58(2 Pt 1):31–38
go back to reference Saava M, Kisper-Hint IR (2002) Nutritional assessment of older adult people in nursing house and at home in tannin. J Nutr Health Aging 6(1):93–95PubMed Saava M, Kisper-Hint IR (2002) Nutritional assessment of older adult people in nursing house and at home in tannin. J Nutr Health Aging 6(1):93–95PubMed
go back to reference Saka B, Kaya O, Ozturk GB, Erten N, Karan MA (2010) Malnutrition in the older adult and its relationship with other geriatric syndromes. Clin Nutr 29:745–748PubMedCrossRef Saka B, Kaya O, Ozturk GB, Erten N, Karan MA (2010) Malnutrition in the older adult and its relationship with other geriatric syndromes. Clin Nutr 29:745–748PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Saeidlou SN, Merdol TK, Mikaili P, Bektas Y (2011) Assessment of the nutriti onal status of older adult people living at nursing homes in Northwest Iran. Int J Acad Res 3(1):463–472 Saeidlou SN, Merdol TK, Mikaili P, Bektas Y (2011) Assessment of the nutriti onal status of older adult people living at nursing homes in Northwest Iran. Int J Acad Res 3(1):463–472
go back to reference Taheri tanjani P, Varmaghani M, Nazari N, Sharifi F, Fakhrzadeh H, Arzaghi SM et al (2017) Health status of older adult people in East Azerbaijan: a cross-sectional study. Ijdld 16(5):249–260 Taheri tanjani P, Varmaghani M, Nazari N, Sharifi F, Fakhrzadeh H, Arzaghi SM et al (2017) Health status of older adult people in East Azerbaijan: a cross-sectional study. Ijdld 16(5):249–260
go back to reference Tanjani PT, Motlagh ME, Nazar MM, Najafi F (2015) The health status of the older adult population of Iran in 2012. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 60(2):281–287PubMedCrossRef Tanjani PT, Motlagh ME, Nazar MM, Najafi F (2015) The health status of the older adult population of Iran in 2012. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 60(2):281–287PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Vafaei Z, Mokhtari H, Sadooghi Z et al (2013) Malnutrition is associated with depression in rural older adult population. J Res Med Sci 18(Suppl 1):S15–S19PubMedPubMedCentral Vafaei Z, Mokhtari H, Sadooghi Z et al (2013) Malnutrition is associated with depression in rural older adult population. J Res Med Sci 18(Suppl 1):S15–S19PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Vedantam A, Subramanian V, Vijay Rao N, John KR (2009) Malnutrition in free-living older adult in rural south India: prevalence and risk factors. Publ Health Nutr 13(9):1328–1332CrossRef Vedantam A, Subramanian V, Vijay Rao N, John KR (2009) Malnutrition in free-living older adult in rural south India: prevalence and risk factors. Publ Health Nutr 13(9):1328–1332CrossRef
go back to reference Valentini A, Federici M, Assunta Cianfarani M, Tarantino U, Bertoli A (2018) Frailty and nutritional status in older people: the Mini Nutritional Assessment as a screening tool for the identification of frail subjects. Clin Interv Aging 13:1237–1244PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Valentini A, Federici M, Assunta Cianfarani M, Tarantino U, Bertoli A (2018) Frailty and nutritional status in older people: the Mini Nutritional Assessment as a screening tool for the identification of frail subjects. Clin Interv Aging 13:1237–1244PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Vieira de Lima Saintrain M, Lais E Silva Pesenti Sandrin R, Bandeira Bezerra C, Ofélia Portela Lima A, Arrais Nobre M, Rosana Alves Braga D (2019) Nutritional assessment of older adults with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 155:107819 Vieira de Lima Saintrain M, Lais E Silva Pesenti Sandrin R, Bandeira Bezerra C, Ofélia Portela Lima A, Arrais Nobre M, Rosana Alves Braga D (2019) Nutritional assessment of older adults with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 155:107819
go back to reference Von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gøtzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP, Initiative S (2014) The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Int J Surg 12(12):1495–1499CrossRef Von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gøtzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP, Initiative S (2014) The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Int J Surg 12(12):1495–1499CrossRef
go back to reference Wada H (2000) Problems and strategies in the treatment of mental disorders in older adult patients with physical illness. Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 37(11):885–888PubMedCrossRef Wada H (2000) Problems and strategies in the treatment of mental disorders in older adult patients with physical illness. Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 37(11):885–888PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wahlqvist ML, Savige GS (2000) Interventions aimed at dietary and lifestyle changes to promote healthy aging. Eur J Clin Nutr 54(3):148–156CrossRef Wahlqvist ML, Savige GS (2000) Interventions aimed at dietary and lifestyle changes to promote healthy aging. Eur J Clin Nutr 54(3):148–156CrossRef
go back to reference Webber AP, Martin JL, Harker JO, Josephson KR, Rubenstein LZ, Alessi CA (2005) Depression in older patients admitted for postacute nursing home rehabilitation. J Am Geriats Soc 53:1017–1022CrossRef Webber AP, Martin JL, Harker JO, Josephson KR, Rubenstein LZ, Alessi CA (2005) Depression in older patients admitted for postacute nursing home rehabilitation. J Am Geriats Soc 53:1017–1022CrossRef
go back to reference Zhou J, Wang M, Wang H, Chi Q (2005) Comparison of two nutrition assessment tools in surgical elderly inpatients in Northern China. Nutr J 14:68CrossRef Zhou J, Wang M, Wang H, Chi Q (2005) Comparison of two nutrition assessment tools in surgical elderly inpatients in Northern China. Nutr J 14:68CrossRef
Metadata
Title
The prevalence of malnutrition in Iranian older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors
Ali Asghar Khaleghi
Ahmad Abdullahi
Amin Hosseinian-Far
Nader Salari
Masoud Mohammadi
Publication date
26-07-2023
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Journal of Public Health
Print ISSN: 2198-1833
Electronic ISSN: 1613-2238
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-023-02038-5