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Published in: International Orthopaedics 4/2023

21-01-2023 | Magnetic Resonance Imaging | Original Paper

Outcomes after arthroscopic treatment for scaphoid nonunion using ipsilateral radius bone graft and a headless compression screw: a comparison between the patients with and without avascular necrosis

Authors: Ting-Yi Lin, Chun-Wei Fu, Pei-Shan Tsai, Chang-Hung Huang, Shun-Hua Wei, Min-Yao Chuang

Published in: International Orthopaedics | Issue 4/2023

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Abstract

Purpose

To determine whether avascular necrosis can affect clinical outcomes or the union incidence after arthroscopic bone grafting for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion.

Methods

This retrospective comparative study included thirty-four patients with scaphoid nonunion that underwent arthroscopic bone graft from the ipsilateral radius and internal fixation. The patients were divided into two cohorts (group A, with avascular necrosis, n = 15; group B, without avascular necrosis, n = 19) based on pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging findings. Additionally, the patients were grouped in accordance with the location of nonunion (waist, n = 27; proximal pole, n = 7). The mean follow-up was 20.7 months (range 12.0–40.0 months). Clinical outcomes, including the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, grip strength, range of motion (ROM), Mayo Wrist Score (MWS), and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, were evaluated. Radiographic measurements for carpal bone alignment were assessed as well.

Results

Union rates did not differ between groups (group A, 93.3%; group B, 94.7%: p = 0.863), and the post-operative VAS pain score, ROM, and MWS were similar at follow-up for a minimum of one year. DASH and grip strength were significantly better in group B, but the intergroup differences were minimal (mean DASH 11.9 versus 9.6; mean grip strength 77.5% versus 95.4% of contralateral side). There was no significant intergroup difference in mean time to achieving union (group A, 14.9 weeks; group B, 14.6 weeks; p = 0.900). In post-operative radiographic assessments, no significant intergroup differences were noted in any of the parameters. Subgroup analysis regarding the location of nonunion showed there were no significant intergroup differences in union rates, mean time to achieving union, and clinical outcome measures at the last post-operative follow-up.

Conclusions

Arthroscopic bone grafting and internal fixation in the treatment of scaphoid nonunion provided good union rates and satisfactory outcomes regardless of vascularity status.
Literature
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Metadata
Title
Outcomes after arthroscopic treatment for scaphoid nonunion using ipsilateral radius bone graft and a headless compression screw: a comparison between the patients with and without avascular necrosis
Authors
Ting-Yi Lin
Chun-Wei Fu
Pei-Shan Tsai
Chang-Hung Huang
Shun-Hua Wei
Min-Yao Chuang
Publication date
21-01-2023
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
International Orthopaedics / Issue 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0341-2695
Electronic ISSN: 1432-5195
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-023-05700-5

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