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Published in: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2/2024

Open Access 22-09-2023 | Lymphoma | Short Communication

Patterns of PET-positive residual tissue at interim restaging and risk of treatment failure in advanced-stage Hodgkin’s lymphoma: an analysis of the randomized phase III HD18 trial by the German Hodgkin Study Group

Authors: Justin Ferdinandus, Lutz van Heek, Katrin Roth, Markus Dietlein, Hans-Theodor Eich, Christian Baues, Peter Borchmann, Carsten Kobe

Published in: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging | Issue 2/2024

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Abstract

Purpose

Response-adapted treatment using early interim functional imaging with PET after two cycles of chemotherapy (PET-2) for advanced-stage Hodgkin’s lymphoma (AS-HL) is the standard of care in several countries. However, the distribution of residual metabolic disease in PET-2 and the prognostic relevance of multiple involved regions have not been reported to date.

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed data from all PET-2-positive patients included in HD18. Residual tissue was visually compared with reference regions according to the Deauville score (DS). PET-2 positivity was defined as residual tissue with uptake above the liver (DS4). PFS was defined as the time from staging until progression, relapse, or death from any cause, or to the day when information was last received on the patient’s disease status and analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regressions. Comparisons were made between patients with 1–2 and >2 positive regions in PET-2 as well as patients without PET-2-positive regions randomized into comparator arms of HD18.

Results

Between 2008 and 2014, 1964 patients with newly diagnosed AS-HL were recruited in HD18 and randomized following their PET-2 scan. Of these, 480 patients had a positive PET-2 and were eligible for this analysis. Upper and lower mediastinum in almost half of all patients: 230 (47.9%) and 195 (40.6%), respectively. 372 (77.5%) of patients have 1–2 positive regions in PET-2. 5y-PFS for patients with 1–2 regions was 91.7% (CI95: 88.7–94.6) vs. 81.8% (CI95: 74.2–90.1) for those with >2 regions with a corresponding hazard ratio (HR) of 2.2 (CI95: 1.2–4.0). Compared with patients without PET-2-positive disease receiving 6–8 cycles of chemotherapy, patients with 1–2 had a higher risk for a PFS event (HR 1.35; CI95 0.81–2.28), but it was not statistically significant (p=0.25). Patients with >2 PET-2-positive lesions had a significantly higher risk (HR 2.95; CI95: 1.62–5.37; p<0.001).

Conclusion

PET-2-positive residuals of AS-HL are mostly located in the mediastinum, and a majority of patients have few affected regions. The risk of progression was twofold higher in patients with more than two positive regions in PET-2.
Literature
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go back to reference Barrington SF, Mikhaeel NG, Kostakoglu L, Meignan M, Hutchings M, Mueller SP, et al. Role of imaging in the staging and response assessment of lymphoma: consensus of the International Conference on Malignant Lymphomas Imaging Working Group. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32:3048–58. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2013.53.5229. Barrington SF, Mikhaeel NG, Kostakoglu L, Meignan M, Hutchings M, Mueller SP, et al. Role of imaging in the staging and response assessment of lymphoma: consensus of the International Conference on Malignant Lymphomas Imaging Working Group. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32:3048–58. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1200/​JCO.​2013.​53.​5229.
Metadata
Title
Patterns of PET-positive residual tissue at interim restaging and risk of treatment failure in advanced-stage Hodgkin’s lymphoma: an analysis of the randomized phase III HD18 trial by the German Hodgkin Study Group
Authors
Justin Ferdinandus
Lutz van Heek
Katrin Roth
Markus Dietlein
Hans-Theodor Eich
Christian Baues
Peter Borchmann
Carsten Kobe
Publication date
22-09-2023
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Keyword
Lymphoma
Published in
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging / Issue 2/2024
Print ISSN: 1619-7070
Electronic ISSN: 1619-7089
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-023-06431-w

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