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26-07-2023

Latinx Sexual Minority Adolescent Substance Use: State of the Science and Call for Intersectional Minority Stressors and Protective Factors

Authors: Robert Rosales, David G. Zelaya, Oswaldo Moreno, Victor Figuereo, Sarah J. Chavez, Sophia Ordoñez, Isabel Costas, Melissa Ponce, Robert Miranda Jr.

Published in: Current Addiction Reports | Issue 3/2023

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

Latinx sexual minority adolescents (LSMA) are at an intersection of ethnic and sexual minority (SM) status and may experience heighten risk of substance use and related problems. These youth may also hold unique protective factors that help mitigate the effects of minority stress and curb substance use. Little is known, however, about the intersectional minority stressors (i.e., due to ethnicity and SM status) and protective factors related to substance use among this population.

Recent Findings

According to the minority stress model, there are unique minority stressors and resiliency factors that can help explain differences in behavioral health rates between white SM and SM of color. Research supports the notion that minority stressors (e.g., stigma/risk, homophobic bullying, and family rejection of SM status) confer risk for substance use among LSMA. In terms of resilience, less is known, but there may be some protective factors that have not been measured that could explain lower rates in some substances (i.e., club drugs and methamphetamine).

Summary

Little is known about how the intersections of ethnicity and SM status are associated with substance use in adolescence. Future research should assess the temporal relationship of multilevel (i.e., intrapersonal, relational, and system), intersectional (i.e., ethnicity and SM status) minority stressors and protective factors unique to LSMA on substance use. We propose that the findings from these future studies will help to create socioculturally appropriate behavioral health treatments that consider the intersectional risks and strengths within the LSMA population.
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Metadata
Title
Latinx Sexual Minority Adolescent Substance Use: State of the Science and Call for Intersectional Minority Stressors and Protective Factors
Authors
Robert Rosales
David G. Zelaya
Oswaldo Moreno
Victor Figuereo
Sarah J. Chavez
Sophia Ordoñez
Isabel Costas
Melissa Ponce
Robert Miranda Jr.
Publication date
26-07-2023
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Current Addiction Reports / Issue 3/2023
Electronic ISSN: 2196-2952
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40429-023-00503-5

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