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25-04-2024 | Inguinal Hernia | Original Article

A new groin hernia classification with clinical relevance

Authors: George Yang, K. L. M. Tung, S. Tumtavitikul, M. K. W. Li

Published in: Hernia

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Abstract

Introduction

Groin hernia is one of the most commonly managed surgical diseases around the world. The typical question asked by patients is “Does my hernia require urgent surgery?”. The currently available classifications are insufficient to stratify patients into different groups. We propose a new classification that incorporates diverse clinical elements together with anatomical and other vital information, which allows us to stratify patients into different groups.

Method

A task force was formed by the Hong Kong Hernia Society, working with international expert hernia surgeons. The framework of the classification system was formulated. Clinical elements that are important in groin disease stratification were identified. A comprehensive literature review was conducted using PubMed. Those which dictate the severity of the disease were selected and compiled to form the new proposed classification. Application of this classification model to a single hernia surgeon’s registry in The Hong Kong Adventist Hospital Hernia Centre was done for initial evaluation.

Result

This new classification incorporates important clinical characteristics forming a total of nine grades of differentiation, together with the anatomical details and special information. This comprehensive system allows the stratification of patients into different groups based on disease severity. It also enables more accurate data collection for future audits, comparisons of disease progression over time, and the effect of different management strategies for different-stage patients.

Conclusion

This is the first classification system which incorporates essential clinical parameters, which allows the stratification of groin hernia into different stages. Further studies and validation should be performed to evaluate the usefulness and value of this classification in groin hernia management.
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Metadata
Title
A new groin hernia classification with clinical relevance
Authors
George Yang
K. L. M. Tung
S. Tumtavitikul
M. K. W. Li
Publication date
25-04-2024
Publisher
Springer Paris
Published in
Hernia
Print ISSN: 1265-4906
Electronic ISSN: 1248-9204
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10029-024-03000-4
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