Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a pathologic bone formation in extra skeletal tissue and articular space. This was an objection to nailing of femur fractures across the knee; however, this has not been the case in many thousands of cases. Nonetheless, we present a patient in who placement of a retrograde nail resulted in calcification in the knee requiring excision.
A 42-year-old male presented to the clinic complaining of pain, popping, clicking, and mocking in the right knee, especially in the patellar region. Nine months prior he suffered an ipsilateral femur fracture that was treated with a retrograde intramedullary nail. X-ray and CT scan were used to confirm the presentation of a heterotopic bone mass in the Hoffa area of the right knee. The patient underwent an arthrotomy for excision of the bone mass. The bone mass was excised, but bone in the ACL was not removed. The patient experienced pain relief and improved range of motion following excision.
Intraarticular heterotopic ossification is an infrequent event. We present a case of heterotopic ossification in the knee following retrograde nailing. The patient experienced improved symptoms and range of motion after excision of the intraarticular heterotopic bone mass.