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Published in: Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2024

Open Access 01-12-2024 | Hematuria | Case report

Recurrent bladder leiomyoma: a case report

Authors: Fnu Yogeeta, Zubda Malik, Sameer Abdul Rauf, Muskan Devi, Fnu Tooba, Syed Abdan Jamalvi, Marium Rashid, Humaira Erum

Published in: Journal of Medical Case Reports | Issue 1/2024

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Abstract

Background

Bladder leiomyomas are rare benign growths in the bladder, comprising less than 0.5% of bladder tumors with only 250 cases reported globally. They are more common in women. This case involves a 70-year-old woman with recurrent leiomyoma, presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms and painless hematuria. A recurrent bladder leiomyoma is rarely reported, making its presence exceptionally rare.

Case presentation

A 70-year-old Pakistani woman with hypertension and diabetes presented with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and painless hematuria. She had a history of similar symptoms in 2010, leading to a diagnosis of bladder leiomyoma via cystoscopy and biopsy. Imaging studies revealed a substantial 3.7 × 4 × 4.0 cm isodense mass with calcifications at the bladder base, along with bladder wall thickening and diverticula. Pathological examination during Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT) confirmed the presence of bladder tissue with smooth muscle, ruling out malignancy. Immunohistochemical studies supported the diagnosis. A successful TURBT was performed, and the patient recovered well.

Discussion

Recurrent bladder leiomyoma is a rarely-discussed topic in medical literature. This article primarily aims to review existing studies and present a detailed case study, shedding light on this rare phenomenon.
Literature
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Metadata
Title
Recurrent bladder leiomyoma: a case report
Authors
Fnu Yogeeta
Zubda Malik
Sameer Abdul Rauf
Muskan Devi
Fnu Tooba
Syed Abdan Jamalvi
Marium Rashid
Humaira Erum
Publication date
01-12-2024
Publisher
BioMed Central
Keyword
Hematuria
Published in
Journal of Medical Case Reports / Issue 1/2024
Electronic ISSN: 1752-1947
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-024-04372-y

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