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09-05-2024 | Heart Failure | Review

Pooled prevalences of obstructive sleep apnea and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors: Wisarud Prechaporn, Phasu Hantrakul, Chetta Ngamjarus, Wattana Sukeepaisarnjaroen, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Sittichai Khamsai

Published in: Heart Failure Reviews | Issue 4/2024

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Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disease with intermittent hypoxemia during sleep. It has been shown that OSA is related to several cardiovascular diseases including heart failure. Both OSA and heart failure have a close association bidirectionally. This study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure as well as pooled prevalence of heart failure in patients with OSA. This was a systematic review with a meta-analysis. The inclusion criteria were observational or epidemiological studies conducted in adult patients with heart failure to evaluate the prevalence of OSA and patients with OSA to evaluate the prevalence of heart failure. The outcomes of this study were prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure and prevalence of heart failure in patients with OSA. Four databases were used for systematic searching including PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and CINAHL Plus. Manual searches for related studies were also conducted. Proportion meta-analyses using a random-effects model were conducted to identify pooled proportion (prevalence) of heart failure in patients with OSA and vice versa. Among 3,941 articles from the four databases met the study criteria. Thirty-three studies showed the prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure, while thirteen studies presented the prevalence of heart failure in patients with OSA. The prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure was 38.4% (95% CI 31.9 to 45.2; I2 of 96.1%). Using a diagnostic criterion of OSA of more than 10 events/hr had the highest prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure at 53.4% (95% CI 42.0 to 64.5). The highest prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure was 60.1% (95% CI 51.4 to 68.3) in a report from India. The pooled prevalence of heart failure in patients with OSA was 12.8% (95% CI 8.1 to 19.5; I2 of 94.6%). The prevalence in Romania was highest at 22.6% (95% CI 20.4 to 24.9). The pooled prevalence of OSA in patients with heart failure was higher than the pooled prevalence of heart failure in patients with OSA. The pooled prevalence rates of these associations varied among the diagnostic criteria of OSA and countries.
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Metadata
Title
Pooled prevalences of obstructive sleep apnea and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors
Wisarud Prechaporn
Phasu Hantrakul
Chetta Ngamjarus
Wattana Sukeepaisarnjaroen
Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
Sittichai Khamsai
Publication date
09-05-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Heart Failure Reviews / Issue 4/2024
Print ISSN: 1382-4147
Electronic ISSN: 1573-7322
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10741-024-10399-6

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