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Published in: Obesity Surgery 2/2024

29-12-2023 | Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease | Original Contributions

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Lacks Intrasurgeon and Intersurgeon Agreement in Technical Key Points That May Affect Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease After the Procedure

Authors: Rafael C. Katayama, Fernando A. M. Herbella, Marco G. Patti, Carlos H. Arasaki, Rafaella O. Oliveira, Ana C. de Grande

Published in: Obesity Surgery | Issue 2/2024

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Abstract

Purpose

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) may be related to surgical technique. The fact that there is a lack of technical standardization may explain large differences in GERD incidence. The aim of this study is to evaluate auto- and hetero-agreement for SG technical key points based on recorded videos.

Methods

Ten experienced (minimum of 5 years performing bariatric surgery, minimum of 30 SG per year) bariatric surgeons (9 (90%) males) were selected. Participants were invited to send an unedited video with a typical laparoscopic SG (first round of the Delphi process). Videos were cropped into small clips comprising 11 key points of the technique. All anonymized clips (including their own) were returned to all surgeons. Individuals were asked to agree or not with the technique demonstrated (second round). The percentage of agreement was presented to the entire group that was asked for a second vote (third round).

Results

Agreement was poor/fair for all points except hiatal repair that had a very good agreement in the second round. For the third round, there was a slight increase in agreement for distance esophagogastric junction/proximal stapling and gastric mobilization for stapling and a slight decrease in agreement for gastric tube final shape. Only 1 (10%) surgeon recognized that he evaluated his own video. Five (50%) surgeons disagreed with themselves on 1 or more points.

Conclusion

SG lacks intrasurgeon and intersurgeon agreement in technical key points that may justify significant differences in GERD incidence after the procedure.
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Metadata
Title
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Lacks Intrasurgeon and Intersurgeon Agreement in Technical Key Points That May Affect Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease After the Procedure
Authors
Rafael C. Katayama
Fernando A. M. Herbella
Marco G. Patti
Carlos H. Arasaki
Rafaella O. Oliveira
Ana C. de Grande
Publication date
29-12-2023
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Obesity Surgery / Issue 2/2024
Print ISSN: 0960-8923
Electronic ISSN: 1708-0428
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-023-07016-0

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