Skip to main content
Top
Published in: international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 4/2015

01-12-2015 | original article

Evaluation of radiographic techniques for localization of impacted maxillary canines

Authors: Sarika Gupta, Jitender Solanki, Deepak Tomar

Published in: international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine | Issue 4/2015

Login to get access

Abstract

Background

Maxillary canines are the most frequently impacted teeth after the third molars.

Material and methods

The study was performed on 50 impacted maxillary canines. The selected patients were examined systematically and radiological examinations were carried out, which included two periapical, a cross-sectional maxillary occlusal radiograph, and a panoramic radiograph for each impacted canine. The two periapical radiographs were taken using the tube shift technique with a horizontal tube shift. Correct prediction of the labiolingual position of canine impaction is possible by using the same-side-lingual opposite-side-buccal (SLOB) technique. Therefore the results of this technique were used as gold standard in our study.

Results

Out of 50 impacted canines, 17 (34 %) were located bucally, 32 (64 %) palatally, and 1 (2 %) in the arch. In all, 40.7 % and 26.1 % of the impacted maxillary canines were located buccally in males and females, respectively. When compared with the results of the SLOB technique, intraoral periapical (IOPA) and occlusal (vertical and horizontal angulation) radiographs, IOPA radiographs and orthopantomograms (OPGs), and occlusal radiographs and OPGs showed statistically significant results. Although OPG also showed statistically significant results, it was a less reliable method. OPG used with occlusal radiographs yielded the most reliable results.

Conclusion

Conventional radiography has remained the technique of choice for localization of impacted canines owing to its wide availability, low cost, and less radiation exposure when compared with other advanced modalities such as computed tomography and cone beam computed tomography.
Literature
1.
go back to reference Ash MM, Nelson SJ. Wheeler’s dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion. Chapter 8. 8th edn. India: Elsevier; 2006. pp. 191–214. Ash MM, Nelson SJ. Wheeler’s dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion. Chapter 8. 8th edn. India: Elsevier; 2006. pp. 191–214.
2.
go back to reference Thailander B, Jakobsson SO. Local factors in impaction of maxillary canines. Acta Odontol Scand. 1968;26:145–68.CrossRef Thailander B, Jakobsson SO. Local factors in impaction of maxillary canines. Acta Odontol Scand. 1968;26:145–68.CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Baccetti T. A controlled study of associated dental anomalies. Angle Orthod. 1998;68:267–4.PubMed Baccetti T. A controlled study of associated dental anomalies. Angle Orthod. 1998;68:267–4.PubMed
4.
go back to reference Brin I, Becker A, Shalhav M. Position of the maxillary canine in relation to anomolous or missing lateral incisors: a population study. Eur J Orthod. 1986;8:12–6.PubMedCrossRef Brin I, Becker A, Shalhav M. Position of the maxillary canine in relation to anomolous or missing lateral incisors: a population study. Eur J Orthod. 1986;8:12–6.PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference Chu FC, Li TK, Lui VK, Newsome PR, Chow RL, Cheung LK. Prevelance of impacted teeth and associated pathologies- a radiographic study of the Hong Kong Chinese population. Hong Kong Med J. 2003;9:158–63.PubMed Chu FC, Li TK, Lui VK, Newsome PR, Chow RL, Cheung LK. Prevelance of impacted teeth and associated pathologies- a radiographic study of the Hong Kong Chinese population. Hong Kong Med J. 2003;9:158–63.PubMed
6.
go back to reference Sherry Mc. The ectopicmaxillary canine: a review. Br J Orthod. 1998;25:209–16.CrossRef Sherry Mc. The ectopicmaxillary canine: a review. Br J Orthod. 1998;25:209–16.CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Ericson S, Kurol J, Andersen JO. Textbook and color atlas of tooth impactions- Diagnosis treatment preventions. 1st edn. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1997. p. 125–75. Ericson S, Kurol J, Andersen JO. Textbook and color atlas of tooth impactions- Diagnosis treatment preventions. 1st edn. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1997. p. 125–75.
8.
go back to reference Leivesley WD. Minimizing the problem of impacted and ectopic canines. ASDC J Dent Child. 1984;5:367–70. Leivesley WD. Minimizing the problem of impacted and ectopic canines. ASDC J Dent Child. 1984;5:367–70.
9.
go back to reference Haring JI, Lind LJ. Dental radiography principles and technique. 1st edn. USA: W.B. Saunders company; 1996. pp. 3–556. Haring JI, Lind LJ. Dental radiography principles and technique. 1st edn. USA: W.B. Saunders company; 1996. pp. 3–556.
10.
go back to reference Ericson S, Kurol J. Incisor resorption caused by maxillary cuspids- a radiographic study. Angle Orthod. 1987;10:332–46. Ericson S, Kurol J. Incisor resorption caused by maxillary cuspids- a radiographic study. Angle Orthod. 1987;10:332–46.
11.
go back to reference Ludlow JB, Nesbit SP. Teaching radiographic localization in dental schools in U.S and Canada. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1995;79:393–7.PubMedCrossRef Ludlow JB, Nesbit SP. Teaching radiographic localization in dental schools in U.S and Canada. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1995;79:393–7.PubMedCrossRef
12.
go back to reference Nagpal A, Pai KM, Shetty S, Sharma G. Localization of impacted maxillary canine using panoramic radiography. J Oral Sci. 2009;51(1):37–45.PubMedCrossRef Nagpal A, Pai KM, Shetty S, Sharma G. Localization of impacted maxillary canine using panoramic radiography. J Oral Sci. 2009;51(1):37–45.PubMedCrossRef
13.
go back to reference Jacobs SG. Radiographic localization of unerupted maxillary anterior teeth using vertical tube shift technique; the history and application of the method with some case reports. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1999;116:415–23.PubMedCrossRef Jacobs SG. Radiographic localization of unerupted maxillary anterior teeth using vertical tube shift technique; the history and application of the method with some case reports. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1999;116:415–23.PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference Kim JD, Lee CY, You CH. The radiographic localization of unerupted maxillary incisors and supernumeraries. Korean J Oral Maxillofacial Radiol. 2003;33:217–21. Kim JD, Lee CY, You CH. The radiographic localization of unerupted maxillary incisors and supernumeraries. Korean J Oral Maxillofacial Radiol. 2003;33:217–21.
15.
go back to reference Jacobs SG. Localization of unerupted maxillary canine: how to and when to. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1999;115:314–32.PubMedCrossRef Jacobs SG. Localization of unerupted maxillary canine: how to and when to. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1999;115:314–32.PubMedCrossRef
16.
go back to reference Ericson S, Kurol J. Radiographic examination of ectopically erupting maxillary canines. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1987;91:483–92.PubMedCrossRef Ericson S, Kurol J. Radiographic examination of ectopically erupting maxillary canines. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1987;91:483–92.PubMedCrossRef
17.
go back to reference Nordenram A, Stromberg C. Positional variations of impacted upper canine. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1966;22(6):711–4.PubMedCrossRef Nordenram A, Stromberg C. Positional variations of impacted upper canine. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1966;22(6):711–4.PubMedCrossRef
18.
go back to reference Keur JJ. Radiographic localization techniques. Aust Dent J. 1896;31(2):86–90.CrossRef Keur JJ. Radiographic localization techniques. Aust Dent J. 1896;31(2):86–90.CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Miller LR. Miller’s radiographic localization technique. Aust Dental J. 1986;31(2):86–90.CrossRef Miller LR. Miller’s radiographic localization technique. Aust Dental J. 1986;31(2):86–90.CrossRef
20.
go back to reference Mason C, Papadakou P, Roberts GJ. The radiographic localization of impacted maxillary canines: a comparison of methods. Eur J Orthod. 2001;23:25–34.PubMedCrossRef Mason C, Papadakou P, Roberts GJ. The radiographic localization of impacted maxillary canines: a comparison of methods. Eur J Orthod. 2001;23:25–34.PubMedCrossRef
21.
go back to reference Jacobs SG. The impacted maxillary canine. Further observations on etiology, radiographic localization, prevention/interception of impaction, and when to suspect impaction. Aust Dent J. 1996;41(5):310–6.PubMedCrossRef Jacobs SG. The impacted maxillary canine. Further observations on etiology, radiographic localization, prevention/interception of impaction, and when to suspect impaction. Aust Dent J. 1996;41(5):310–6.PubMedCrossRef
22.
go back to reference Sudhakar S, Patil K, Mahima VG. Localization of impacted permanent maxillary canine using single panoramic radiograph. Indian J Dent Res. 2009;20(3):340–5.PubMedCrossRef Sudhakar S, Patil K, Mahima VG. Localization of impacted permanent maxillary canine using single panoramic radiograph. Indian J Dent Res. 2009;20(3):340–5.PubMedCrossRef
Metadata
Title
Evaluation of radiographic techniques for localization of impacted maxillary canines
Authors
Sarika Gupta
Jitender Solanki
Deepak Tomar
Publication date
01-12-2015
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Published in
international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine / Issue 4/2015
Print ISSN: 1867-2221
Electronic ISSN: 1867-223X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12548-015-0137-3

Other articles of this Issue 4/2015

international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 4/2015 Go to the issue

review article

Odontogenic myxoma

original article

Maxillary sinus septa