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09-05-2024 | Ergometry | Peripheral Vascular Disease (S Kinlay, Section Editor)

Exercise Therapy for Peripheral Artery Disease

Authors: Neela D. Thangada, Mary M. McDermott

Published in: Current Cardiology Reports | Issue 5/2024

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

To summarize evidence regarding exercise treatments for lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Recent Findings

Supervised walking exercise is recommended by practice guidelines for PAD. Supervised treadmill exercise improves treadmill walking distance by approximately 180 m and 6-min walk distance by 30–35 m, compared to control. The Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services covers 12 weeks of supervised exercise, but most people with PAD do not participate. Home-based walking exercise may be more convenient and accessible than supervised exercise. In randomized clinical trials, home-based walking exercise interventions incorporating behavioral methods, such as accountability to a coach, goal-setting, and self-monitoring, improved 6-min walk distance by 40–54 m, compared to control. Arm and leg ergometry also improved walking endurance for people with PAD, but efficacy compared to walking exercise remains unclear.

Summary

Walking exercise is first-line therapy for PAD-related walking impairment and can be effective in either a supervised or a structured home-based setting.
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Metadata
Title
Exercise Therapy for Peripheral Artery Disease
Authors
Neela D. Thangada
Mary M. McDermott
Publication date
09-05-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Current Cardiology Reports / Issue 5/2024
Print ISSN: 1523-3782
Electronic ISSN: 1534-3170
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11886-024-02043-4

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