Skip to main content
Top
Published in:

Open Access 08-03-2024 | Endocarditis | Case Report

Bacterial endocarditis caused by contact lens usage

Authors: Susumu Ishikawa, Hiroki Matsunaga, Hideki Mishima, Yasushi Katayama, Koichi Yuri, Koichi Ohashi, Daisuke Abe

Published in: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases | Issue 1/2024

Login to get access

Abstract

A 17-year-old female was transferred to our hospital due to high fever, general fatigue, and dim eyesight. Three weeks before, she had used cosmetic colored contact lenses and then suffered from bloodshot eyes associated with dim eyesight. Intermittent fever and general fatigue were followed by eye symptoms. Echocardiography revealed moving vegetation on the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve associated with mild mitral valve regurgitation. There were no infectious sites in systemic examinations; thus, the cause of infective endocarditis was considered the infection due to contact lens usage. The patient initially received mitral valve plasty associated with the removal of infective sites. However, redo surgery was necessary 19 days later due to the relapse of infection, and the mitral valve was replaced by bioprosthesis. Traumatic injury of vessels due to inappropriate contact lens usage seemed to lead to systemic hematogenous infection and subsequent endocarditis. We report a rare case of infective endocarditis which was caused by contact lens usage.
Literature
1.
go back to reference Teo L, Lim L, Tan DTH, Chan T-K, Jap A, Ming LH. A survey of contact lens complications in Singapore. Eye Contact Lens. 2011;37:16–9.CrossRefPubMed Teo L, Lim L, Tan DTH, Chan T-K, Jap A, Ming LH. A survey of contact lens complications in Singapore. Eye Contact Lens. 2011;37:16–9.CrossRefPubMed
2.
go back to reference Stapleton F. Contact lens-related corneal infection in Australia. Clin Exp Optom. 2020;103:408–17.CrossRefPubMed Stapleton F. Contact lens-related corneal infection in Australia. Clin Exp Optom. 2020;103:408–17.CrossRefPubMed
3.
go back to reference Rodrigues AC, Ogawa A, Mota J, Carbone A, Arruda AL, Furtado M, et al. Endophthalmitis as a first manifestation of right-sided endocarditis in a patient with patent foramen ovale. J Echocardiogr. 2012;10:67–8.CrossRefPubMed Rodrigues AC, Ogawa A, Mota J, Carbone A, Arruda AL, Furtado M, et al. Endophthalmitis as a first manifestation of right-sided endocarditis in a patient with patent foramen ovale. J Echocardiogr. 2012;10:67–8.CrossRefPubMed
4.
go back to reference Aoyama Y, Oba Y, Hoshide S, Arai Y, Komori T, Kabutoya T, et al. the early diagnosis of endophthalmitis due to group B streptococcus infective endocarditis and its clinical course: a case report and literature review. Intern Med. 2019;58:1295–9.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Aoyama Y, Oba Y, Hoshide S, Arai Y, Komori T, Kabutoya T, et al. the early diagnosis of endophthalmitis due to group B streptococcus infective endocarditis and its clinical course: a case report and literature review. Intern Med. 2019;58:1295–9.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
5.
go back to reference Wisdorf M, Kowalski R, Kiessling D, Roessler GF, Widder RA. A Case of Endocarditis Following Endophthalmitis After XEN45 Gel Stent Implantation. J Glaucoma. 2021;30:e357–9.CrossRefPubMed Wisdorf M, Kowalski R, Kiessling D, Roessler GF, Widder RA. A Case of Endocarditis Following Endophthalmitis After XEN45 Gel Stent Implantation. J Glaucoma. 2021;30:e357–9.CrossRefPubMed
6.
go back to reference Lee H-C, Lai Y-H, Tsai C-L, Yen J-H, Lin T-H, Lai W-T, et al. Infective endocarditis with uveitis: a rare case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2007;23:40–4.CrossRefPubMed Lee H-C, Lai Y-H, Tsai C-L, Yen J-H, Lin T-H, Lai W-T, et al. Infective endocarditis with uveitis: a rare case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2007;23:40–4.CrossRefPubMed
7.
go back to reference Zimmerman RK. Staphylococcus aureus hordeolum as a cause of bacteremia and secondary foci. J Fam Pract. 1989;29:433–5.PubMed Zimmerman RK. Staphylococcus aureus hordeolum as a cause of bacteremia and secondary foci. J Fam Pract. 1989;29:433–5.PubMed
8.
go back to reference Hoppe P-A, Hanitsch LG, Leistner R, Niebank M, Bührer C, von Bernuth H, et al. Periorbital infections and conjunctivitis due to Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) positive Staphylococcus aureus in children. BMC Infect Dis. 2018;18:371.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Hoppe P-A, Hanitsch LG, Leistner R, Niebank M, Bührer C, von Bernuth H, et al. Periorbital infections and conjunctivitis due to Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) positive Staphylococcus aureus in children. BMC Infect Dis. 2018;18:371.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
9.
go back to reference Gammie JS, O'Brien SM, Griffith BP, Peterson ED. Surgical treatment of mitral valve endocarditis in North America. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80:2199–204.CrossRefPubMed Gammie JS, O'Brien SM, Griffith BP, Peterson ED. Surgical treatment of mitral valve endocarditis in North America. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80:2199–204.CrossRefPubMed
10.
go back to reference Doukas G, Oc M, Alexiou C, Sosnowski AW, Samani NJ, Spyt TJ. Mitral valve repair for active culture positive infective endocarditis. Heart. 2006;92:361–3.CrossRefPubMed Doukas G, Oc M, Alexiou C, Sosnowski AW, Samani NJ, Spyt TJ. Mitral valve repair for active culture positive infective endocarditis. Heart. 2006;92:361–3.CrossRefPubMed
11.
go back to reference Habib G, Hoen B, Tornos P, Thuny F, Prendergast B, Vilacosta I, et al. Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis (2009): the Task Force on the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Endorsed by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) and the International Society of Chemotherapy (ISC) for Infection and Cancer. Eur Heart J. 2009;30:2369–413.CrossRefPubMed Habib G, Hoen B, Tornos P, Thuny F, Prendergast B, Vilacosta I, et al. Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis (2009): the Task Force on the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Endorsed by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) and the International Society of Chemotherapy (ISC) for Infection and Cancer. Eur Heart J. 2009;30:2369–413.CrossRefPubMed
12.
go back to reference Shang E, Forrest GN, Chizmar T, Chim J, Brown JM, Zhan M, et al. Mitral valve infective endocarditis: benefit of early operation and aggressive use of repair. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87:1728–34.CrossRefPubMed Shang E, Forrest GN, Chizmar T, Chim J, Brown JM, Zhan M, et al. Mitral valve infective endocarditis: benefit of early operation and aggressive use of repair. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87:1728–34.CrossRefPubMed
Metadata
Title
Bacterial endocarditis caused by contact lens usage
Authors
Susumu Ishikawa
Hiroki Matsunaga
Hideki Mishima
Yasushi Katayama
Koichi Yuri
Koichi Ohashi
Daisuke Abe
Publication date
08-03-2024

Other articles of this Issue 1/2024

General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Cases 1/2024 Go to the issue
Webinar | 27-06-2024 | 18:00 (CEST)

Keynote webinar | Spotlight on medication adherence

Medication non-adherence is a major barrier to effective healthcare delivery; half of all patients do not follow their doctor’s recommendations or treatment plan.

Our experts explain the fundamentals with a practical discussion of how to manage non-adherence in two common scenarios: hypertension and asthma control.

Prof. Kevin Dolgin
Prof. Florian Limbourg
Prof. Anoop Chauhan
Developed by: Springer Medicine