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Open Access 16-02-2024 | Eating Disorder | REVIEW

Treatment of Binge-Eating Disorder Across the Lifespan: An Updated Review of the Literature and Considerations for Future Research

Authors: Kathryn E. Smith, Andrea B. Goldschmidt

Published in: Current Obesity Reports

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

The present review describes the recent literature on treatment for binge-eating disorder (BED) in adults and youth, with a particular focus on research gaps, emerging treatments, and future research directions.

Recent Findings

Evidence supports the efficacy of several treatment modalities in adults, including self-help treatment, clinician-led psychotherapy, and pharmacotherapy; the largest effect sizes have been found for psychotherapies, most of which were cognitive-behavioral in orientation. Adapted psychotherapies for youth also show promise but lack a robust body of evidence. Predictors, moderators, and mediators of treatment outcome remain poorly understood; individuals with BED continue to experience significant barriers to treatment; and research is needed to address suboptimal treatment response. Recent work has highlighted the potential of adaptive interventions and investigation of novel mechanisms to address these gaps.

Summary

Research on BED treatment continues to grow, though critical questions must be answered to improve treatment efficacy across the lifespan.
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Metadata
Title
Treatment of Binge-Eating Disorder Across the Lifespan: An Updated Review of the Literature and Considerations for Future Research
Authors
Kathryn E. Smith
Andrea B. Goldschmidt
Publication date
16-02-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Current Obesity Reports
Electronic ISSN: 2162-4968
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-024-00553-4