Purpose of Review
Some children experience difficulty with oral function, regardless of whether they are healthy, disabled, or sick. This study reported on dental approaches to support children with oral problems.
A problem with oral function noted among children is lip incompetence. According to a recent survey in Japan, lip incompetence was observed in approximately 30% of children aged 3–12 years. Feeding therapy emphasizing the concept of habilitation (dysphagia rehabilitation) is provided for feeding problems in children with disabilities.
Dental interventions for children with oral function problems include oral function management for developmental insufficiency of oral function and feeding therapy for feeding disorders. The number of children with medical complexities has rapidly increased in Japan to approximately 20,000. Efforts have been made to provide pediatric home dental services targeting children with severe motor and intellectual disabilities and those with medical complexities who have difficulty going outside the home. Multidisciplinary collaboration in regional healthcare is essential for the smooth provision of dental care services.