There is growing enthusiasm to develop inexpensive, non-invasive, and portable methods that accurately assess swallowing and provide biofeedback during dysphagia treatment. High-resolution cervical auscultation (HRCA), which uses acoustic and vibratory signals from non-invasive sensors attached to the anterior laryngeal framework during swallowing, is a novel method for quantifying swallowing physiology via advanced signal processing and machine learning techniques. HRCA has demonstrated potential as a dysphagia screening method and diagnostic adjunct to VFSSs by determining swallowing safety, annotating swallow kinematic events, and classifying swallows between healthy participants and patients with a high degree of accuracy. However, its feasibility as a non-invasive biofeedback system has not been explored. This study investigated 1. Whether HRCA can accurately differentiate between non-effortful and effortful swallows; 2. Whether differences exist in Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile (MBSImP) scores (#9, #11, #14) between non-effortful and effortful swallows. We hypothesized that HRCA would accurately classify non-effortful and effortful swallows and that differences in MBSImP scores would exist between the types of swallows. We analyzed 247 thin liquid 3 mL command swallows (71 effortful) to minimize variation from 36 healthy adults who underwent standardized VFSSs with concurrent HRCA. Results revealed differences (p < 0.05) in 9 HRCA signal features between non-effortful and effortful swallows. Using HRCA signal features as input, decision trees classified swallows with 76% accuracy, 76% sensitivity, and 77% specificity. There were no differences in MBSImP component scores between non-effortful and effortful swallows. While preliminary in nature, this study demonstrates the feasibility/promise of HRCA as a biofeedback method for dysphagia treatment.