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Published in: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 3/2023

25-10-2021 | COVID-19 | Original Article

The Risk Perception COVID-19 Scale (RP-COVID19-S): Initial Validation and Its Relationship with Gender and Age in a Cuban Population Sample

Authors: Evelyn Fernández-Castillo, Zoylen Fernández-Fleites, Yunier Broche-Pérez, Idania María Otero-Ramos, Reinier Martín-González, Alexis Lorenzo Ruiz

Published in: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction | Issue 3/2023

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Abstract

Background

Risk perception about COVID-19 constitutes an important variable contributing to promotion of personal protection practices. The aims of this study were to exploring the factorial structure of the risk perception COVID-19 scale (RP-COVID19-S) in a sample of Cuban adults and to identify its relationship with variables such as gender and age.

Methods

A cross-sectional web-based survey design was conducted. The sample comprised 394 Cuban participants. Categorical Principal Component Analysis (CATPCA) was used to explore internal factorial structure of the scale. Logistic regression was modeling to identify variables independently associated with RP about COVID-19.

Results

CATPCA allowed identifying a three-dimensional factorial structure into the scale: knowledge and beliefs, emotional reactions and behavioral dissonance, and motivations for change. The odds of a woman with middle RP compared to low RP was 2.17 times more than for a man. Also, the odds of a woman with high knowledge and beliefs compared to low knowledge and beliefs were 1.96 times more than for a man. The odds of a person in older group, with middle risk perception compared with low level, was 5.0 (global risk perception), 3.33 (knowledge and beliefs), and 3.13 (emotional reactions and behavioral dissonance) times more than for a person in younger group, respectively.

Conclusion

The Risk Perception to COVD-19 Scale (RP-COVID-19-S) showed satisfactory psychometric properties to evaluated risk perception related to COVID-19 in Cuban population sample. Middle level of global risk perception was found in the sample. High level of risk perception about COVID-19 was found on participants older than 42 years old and in woman.
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Metadata
Title
The Risk Perception COVID-19 Scale (RP-COVID19-S): Initial Validation and Its Relationship with Gender and Age in a Cuban Population Sample
Authors
Evelyn Fernández-Castillo
Zoylen Fernández-Fleites
Yunier Broche-Pérez
Idania María Otero-Ramos
Reinier Martín-González
Alexis Lorenzo Ruiz
Publication date
25-10-2021
Publisher
Springer US
Keyword
COVID-19
Published in
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction / Issue 3/2023
Print ISSN: 1557-1874
Electronic ISSN: 1557-1882
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00672-2

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