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17-06-2024 | Cochlear Implant | Other Articles

Advances in Evaluation of Electrode Insertion Trauma Induced Residual Hearing loss in Cochlear Implant Recipients and its significance- A Narrative Review

Authors: Nidhin Das, Vidhu Sharma, Amit Goyal

Published in: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery

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Abstract

Cochlear implant surgery has revolutionized the management of profound hearing loss, with a growing focus on preserving residual hearing, particularly low-frequency hearing. This review synthesizes existing literature on cochlear implantation techniques, surgical principles, and emerging therapies aimed at reducing post-implantation hearing loss. Methodologically, a comprehensive narrative literature review was conducted, encompassing various study designs and participant demographics. The search strategy involved major biomedical databases, focusing on articles in English. Surgical techniques such as “soft surgery” emphasize minimizing mechanical stress on the cochlea, while advancements in pharmacological agents explore the use of corticosteroids, neurotrophins, and growth factors to enhance hearing preservation. Electrode design and insertion strategies are evolving to minimize trauma and optimize hearing outcomes, including consideration of insertion forces and electrode array designs. Evaluating residual hearing loss involves sophisticated techniques like electrocochleography and radiological imaging. The impact of residual hearing on auditory verbal outcomes is variable, with studies indicating positive correlations with language development, particularly in speech production. Emerging strategies in electrode design, surgical techniques, and drug delivery hold promise for improving outcomes in cochlear implantation. However, challenges such as the lack of standardized guidelines and the need for further clinical trials remain. Future directions include the exploration of nanotechnologies, gene therapies, and stem cells for constructing bionic ears, although ethical and technical hurdles persist. This review underscores the ongoing efforts to enhance cochlear implant functionality and the need for continued research to optimize outcomes for patients with hearing loss.
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Metadata
Title
Advances in Evaluation of Electrode Insertion Trauma Induced Residual Hearing loss in Cochlear Implant Recipients and its significance- A Narrative Review
Authors
Nidhin Das
Vidhu Sharma
Amit Goyal
Publication date
17-06-2024
Publisher
Springer India
Published in
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
Print ISSN: 2231-3796
Electronic ISSN: 0973-7707
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12070-024-04801-w