Skip to main content
Top

Open Access 17-06-2024 | CIRSE STANDARDS OF PRACTICE GUIDELINES

CIRSE Standards of Practice on Portal Vein Embolization and Double Vein Embolization/Liver Venous Deprivation

Authors: Tiago Bilhim, Georg Böning, Boris Guiu, José Hugo Luz, Alban Denys

Published in: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

Login to get access

Abstract

This CIRSE Standards of Practice document is aimed at interventional radiologists and provides best practices for performing liver regeneration therapies prior to major hepatectomies, including portal vein embolization, double vein embolization and liver venous deprivation. It has been developed by an expert writing group under the guidance of the CIRSE Standards of Practice Committee. It encompasses all clinical and technical details required to perform liver regeneration therapies, revising the indications, contra-indications, outcome measures assessed, technique and expected outcomes.
Literature
1.
go back to reference Denys A, Bize P, Demartines N, Deschamps F, De Baere T. Quality improvement for portal vein embolization. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2010;33(3):452–6.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Denys A, Bize P, Demartines N, Deschamps F, De Baere T. Quality improvement for portal vein embolization. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2010;33(3):452–6.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
2.
go back to reference Reddy SK, Barbas AS, Turley RS, et al. A standard definition of major hepatectomy: resection of four or more liver segments. HPB (Oxford). 2011;13(7):494–502.PubMedCrossRef Reddy SK, Barbas AS, Turley RS, et al. A standard definition of major hepatectomy: resection of four or more liver segments. HPB (Oxford). 2011;13(7):494–502.PubMedCrossRef
3.
go back to reference Rahbari NN, Garden OJ, Padbury R, et al. Posthepatectomy liver failure: a definition and grading by the International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS). Surgery. 2011;149(5):713–24.PubMedCrossRef Rahbari NN, Garden OJ, Padbury R, et al. Posthepatectomy liver failure: a definition and grading by the International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS). Surgery. 2011;149(5):713–24.PubMedCrossRef
4.
go back to reference Garcea G, Ong SL, Maddern GJ. Predicting liver failure following major hepatectomy. Dig Liver Dis. 2009;41(11):798–806.PubMedCrossRef Garcea G, Ong SL, Maddern GJ. Predicting liver failure following major hepatectomy. Dig Liver Dis. 2009;41(11):798–806.PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference Karoui M, Penna C, Amin-Hashem M, et al. Influence of preoperative chemotherapy on the risk of major hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases. Ann Surg. 2006;243(1):1–7.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Karoui M, Penna C, Amin-Hashem M, et al. Influence of preoperative chemotherapy on the risk of major hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases. Ann Surg. 2006;243(1):1–7.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
6.
go back to reference Zorzi D, Laurent A, Pawlik TM, Lauwers GY, Vauthey JN, Abdalla EK. Chemotherapy-associated hepatotoxicity and surgery for colorectal liver metastases. Br J Surg. 2007;94(3):274–86.PubMedCrossRef Zorzi D, Laurent A, Pawlik TM, Lauwers GY, Vauthey JN, Abdalla EK. Chemotherapy-associated hepatotoxicity and surgery for colorectal liver metastases. Br J Surg. 2007;94(3):274–86.PubMedCrossRef
7.
go back to reference Shirabe K, Shimada M, Gion T, et al. Postoperative liver failure after major hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in the modern era with special reference to remnant liver volume. J Am Coll Surg. 1999;188(3):304–9.PubMedCrossRef Shirabe K, Shimada M, Gion T, et al. Postoperative liver failure after major hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in the modern era with special reference to remnant liver volume. J Am Coll Surg. 1999;188(3):304–9.PubMedCrossRef
8.
go back to reference Olthof PB, Coelen RJS, Bennink RJ, et al. Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy predicts liver failure following major liver resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. HPB (Oxford). 2017;19(10):850–8.PubMedCrossRef Olthof PB, Coelen RJS, Bennink RJ, et al. Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy predicts liver failure following major liver resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. HPB (Oxford). 2017;19(10):850–8.PubMedCrossRef
9.
go back to reference Cieslak KP, Runge JH, Heger M, Stoker J, Bennink RJ, van Gulik TM. New perspectives in the assessment of future remnant liver. Dig Surg. 2014;31(4–5):255–68.PubMedCrossRef Cieslak KP, Runge JH, Heger M, Stoker J, Bennink RJ, van Gulik TM. New perspectives in the assessment of future remnant liver. Dig Surg. 2014;31(4–5):255–68.PubMedCrossRef
10.
go back to reference Asenbaum U, Kaczirek K, Ba-Ssalamah A, et al. Post-hepatectomy liver failure after major hepatic surgery: not only size matters. Eur Radiol. 2018;28(11):4748–56.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Asenbaum U, Kaczirek K, Ba-Ssalamah A, et al. Post-hepatectomy liver failure after major hepatic surgery: not only size matters. Eur Radiol. 2018;28(11):4748–56.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
11.
go back to reference de Baere T, Roche A, Elias D, Lasser P, Lagrange C, Bousson V. Preoperative portal vein embolization for extension of hepatectomy indications. Hepatology. 1996;24(6):1386–91.PubMedCrossRef de Baere T, Roche A, Elias D, Lasser P, Lagrange C, Bousson V. Preoperative portal vein embolization for extension of hepatectomy indications. Hepatology. 1996;24(6):1386–91.PubMedCrossRef
12.
go back to reference Di Stefano DR, de Baere T, Denys A, et al. Preoperative percutaneous portal vein embolization: evaluation of adverse events in 188 patients. Radiology. 2005;234(2):625–30.PubMedCrossRef Di Stefano DR, de Baere T, Denys A, et al. Preoperative percutaneous portal vein embolization: evaluation of adverse events in 188 patients. Radiology. 2005;234(2):625–30.PubMedCrossRef
13.
go back to reference Alvarez FA, Castaing D, Figueroa R, et al. Natural history of portal vein embolization before liver resection: a 23-year analysis of intention-to-treat results. Surgery. 2018;163(6):1257–63.PubMedCrossRef Alvarez FA, Castaing D, Figueroa R, et al. Natural history of portal vein embolization before liver resection: a 23-year analysis of intention-to-treat results. Surgery. 2018;163(6):1257–63.PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference Zhang GQ, Zhang ZW, Lau WY, Chen XP. Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS): a new strategy to increase resectability in liver surgery. Int J Surg. 2014;12(5):437–41.PubMedCrossRef Zhang GQ, Zhang ZW, Lau WY, Chen XP. Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS): a new strategy to increase resectability in liver surgery. Int J Surg. 2014;12(5):437–41.PubMedCrossRef
15.
go back to reference Schadde E, Raptis DA, Schnitzbauer AA, et al. Prediction of mortality after ALPPS stage-1: an analysis of 320 patients from the international ALPPS registry. Ann Surg. 2015;262(5):780–5 (Discussion 785–6).PubMedCrossRef Schadde E, Raptis DA, Schnitzbauer AA, et al. Prediction of mortality after ALPPS stage-1: an analysis of 320 patients from the international ALPPS registry. Ann Surg. 2015;262(5):780–5 (Discussion 785–6).PubMedCrossRef
16.
go back to reference Sparrelid E, Jonas E, Tzortzakakis A, et al. Dynamic evaluation of liver volume and function in associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy. J Gastrointest Surg. 2017;21(6):967–74.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Sparrelid E, Jonas E, Tzortzakakis A, et al. Dynamic evaluation of liver volume and function in associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy. J Gastrointest Surg. 2017;21(6):967–74.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
17.
go back to reference Hwang S. Sequential preoperative ipsilateral hepatic vein embolization after portal vein embolization to induce further liver regeneration in patients with hepatobiliary malignancy. Ann Surg. 2009;249:608–16.PubMedCrossRef Hwang S. Sequential preoperative ipsilateral hepatic vein embolization after portal vein embolization to induce further liver regeneration in patients with hepatobiliary malignancy. Ann Surg. 2009;249:608–16.PubMedCrossRef
18.
go back to reference Hwang S, Lee SG, Ko GY, et al. Preoperative sequential portal and hepatic vein embolization in patients with hepatobiliary malignancy. World J Surg. 2015;39:2990–8.PubMedCrossRef Hwang S, Lee SG, Ko GY, et al. Preoperative sequential portal and hepatic vein embolization in patients with hepatobiliary malignancy. World J Surg. 2015;39:2990–8.PubMedCrossRef
19.
go back to reference Munene G, Parker RD, Larrigan J, et al. Sequential preoperative hepatic vein embolization after portal vein embolization for extended left hepatectomy in colorectal liver metastases. World J Surg Oncol. 2013;11:134.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Munene G, Parker RD, Larrigan J, et al. Sequential preoperative hepatic vein embolization after portal vein embolization for extended left hepatectomy in colorectal liver metastases. World J Surg Oncol. 2013;11:134.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
20.
go back to reference Guiu B, Chevallier P, Denys A, et al. Simultaneous trans-hepatic portal and hepatic vein embolization before major hepatectomy: the liver venous deprivation technique. Eur Radiol. 2016;26(12):4259–67.PubMedCrossRef Guiu B, Chevallier P, Denys A, et al. Simultaneous trans-hepatic portal and hepatic vein embolization before major hepatectomy: the liver venous deprivation technique. Eur Radiol. 2016;26(12):4259–67.PubMedCrossRef
21.
go back to reference Le Roy B, Perrey A, Fontarensky M, et al. Combined preoperative portal and hepatic vein embolization (biembolization) to improve liver regeneration before major liver resection: a preliminary report. World J Surg. 2017;41(7):1848–56.PubMedCrossRef Le Roy B, Perrey A, Fontarensky M, et al. Combined preoperative portal and hepatic vein embolization (biembolization) to improve liver regeneration before major liver resection: a preliminary report. World J Surg. 2017;41(7):1848–56.PubMedCrossRef
23.
go back to reference DeLand FH, North WA. Relationship between liver size and body size. Radiology. 1968;91(6):1195–8.PubMedCrossRef DeLand FH, North WA. Relationship between liver size and body size. Radiology. 1968;91(6):1195–8.PubMedCrossRef
24.
go back to reference Martel G, Cieslak KP, Huang R, van Lienden KP, Wiggers JK, Belbidia A, Dagenais M, Lapointe R, van Gulik TM. Comparison of techniques for volumetric analysis of the future liver remnant: implications for major hepatic resections. HPB. 2015;17(12):1051–7.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Martel G, Cieslak KP, Huang R, van Lienden KP, Wiggers JK, Belbidia A, Dagenais M, Lapointe R, van Gulik TM. Comparison of techniques for volumetric analysis of the future liver remnant: implications for major hepatic resections. HPB. 2015;17(12):1051–7.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
25.
go back to reference de Graaf W, van Lienden KP, Dinant S, et al. Assessment of future remnant liver function using hepatobiliary scintigraphy in patients undergoing major liver resection. J Gastrointest Surg. 2010;14(2):369–78.PubMedCrossRef de Graaf W, van Lienden KP, Dinant S, et al. Assessment of future remnant liver function using hepatobiliary scintigraphy in patients undergoing major liver resection. J Gastrointest Surg. 2010;14(2):369–78.PubMedCrossRef
26.
go back to reference Geisel D, Raabe P, Lüdemann L, et al. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for monitoring future liver remnant function after portal vein embolization and extended hemihepatectomy: a prospective trial. Eur Radiol. 2017;27(7):3080–7.PubMedCrossRef Geisel D, Raabe P, Lüdemann L, et al. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for monitoring future liver remnant function after portal vein embolization and extended hemihepatectomy: a prospective trial. Eur Radiol. 2017;27(7):3080–7.PubMedCrossRef
27.
go back to reference Yamashita S, Sakamoto Y, Yamamoto S, et al. Efficacy of preoperative portal vein embolization among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, biliary tract cancer, and colorectal liver metastases: a comparative study based on single-center experience of 319 cases. Ann Surg Oncol. 2017;24(6):1557–68.PubMedCrossRef Yamashita S, Sakamoto Y, Yamamoto S, et al. Efficacy of preoperative portal vein embolization among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, biliary tract cancer, and colorectal liver metastases: a comparative study based on single-center experience of 319 cases. Ann Surg Oncol. 2017;24(6):1557–68.PubMedCrossRef
28.
go back to reference Hocquelet A, Sotiriadis C, Duran R, Guiu B, Yamaguchi T, Halkic N, Melloul E, Demartines N, Denys A. Preoperative portal vein embolization alone with biliary drainage compared to a combination of simultaneous portal vein, right hepatic vein embolization and biliary drainage in klatskin tumor. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2018;41:1885–981.PubMedCrossRef Hocquelet A, Sotiriadis C, Duran R, Guiu B, Yamaguchi T, Halkic N, Melloul E, Demartines N, Denys A. Preoperative portal vein embolization alone with biliary drainage compared to a combination of simultaneous portal vein, right hepatic vein embolization and biliary drainage in klatskin tumor. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2018;41:1885–981.PubMedCrossRef
29.
go back to reference Ogata S, Belghiti J, Farges O, Varma D, Sibert A, Vilgrain V. Sequential arterial and portal vein embolizations before right hepatectomy in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Br J Surg. 2006;93(9):1091–8.PubMedCrossRef Ogata S, Belghiti J, Farges O, Varma D, Sibert A, Vilgrain V. Sequential arterial and portal vein embolizations before right hepatectomy in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Br J Surg. 2006;93(9):1091–8.PubMedCrossRef
30.
go back to reference Yoo H, Kim JH, Ko GY, et al. Sequential transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and portal vein embolization versus portal vein embolization only before major hepatectomy for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Ann Surg Oncol. 2011;18(5):1251–7.PubMedCrossRef Yoo H, Kim JH, Ko GY, et al. Sequential transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and portal vein embolization versus portal vein embolization only before major hepatectomy for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Ann Surg Oncol. 2011;18(5):1251–7.PubMedCrossRef
31.
go back to reference Hadi M, Walker C, Desborough M, et al. CIRSE standards of practice on peri-operative anticoagulation management during interventional radiology procedures. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2021;44(4):523–36.PubMedCrossRef Hadi M, Walker C, Desborough M, et al. CIRSE standards of practice on peri-operative anticoagulation management during interventional radiology procedures. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2021;44(4):523–36.PubMedCrossRef
32.
go back to reference Moon E, Tam MD, Kikano RN, Karuppasamy K. Prophylactic antibiotic guidelines in modern interventional radiology practice. Semin Intervent Radiol. 2010;27(4):327–37.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Moon E, Tam MD, Kikano RN, Karuppasamy K. Prophylactic antibiotic guidelines in modern interventional radiology practice. Semin Intervent Radiol. 2010;27(4):327–37.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
33.
go back to reference Madoff DC, Abdalla EK, Gupta S, et al. Transhepatic ipsilateral right portal vein embolization extended to segment IV: improving hypertrophy and resection outcomes with spherical particles and coils. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005;16(2 Pt 1):215–25.PubMedCrossRef Madoff DC, Abdalla EK, Gupta S, et al. Transhepatic ipsilateral right portal vein embolization extended to segment IV: improving hypertrophy and resection outcomes with spherical particles and coils. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005;16(2 Pt 1):215–25.PubMedCrossRef
34.
go back to reference van Lienden KP, van den Esschert JW, de Graaf W, et al. Portal vein embolization before liver resection: a systematic review. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2013;36(1):25–34.PubMedCrossRef van Lienden KP, van den Esschert JW, de Graaf W, et al. Portal vein embolization before liver resection: a systematic review. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2013;36(1):25–34.PubMedCrossRef
35.
go back to reference Sugawara S, Arai Y, Sone M, et al. Retrospective comparative study of absolute ethanol with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in percutaneous portal vein embolization. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2019;30(8):1215–22.PubMedCrossRef Sugawara S, Arai Y, Sone M, et al. Retrospective comparative study of absolute ethanol with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in percutaneous portal vein embolization. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2019;30(8):1215–22.PubMedCrossRef
36.
go back to reference Sakuhara Y, Abo D, Hasegawa Y, et al. Preoperative percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization with ethanol injection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012;198(4):914–22.PubMedCrossRef Sakuhara Y, Abo D, Hasegawa Y, et al. Preoperative percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization with ethanol injection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012;198(4):914–22.PubMedCrossRef
37.
go back to reference Ogasawara K, Uchino J, Une Y, Fujioka Y. Selective portal vein embolization with absolute ethanol induces hepatic hypertrophy and makes more extensive hepatectomy possible. Hepatology. 1996;23(2):338–45.PubMedCrossRef Ogasawara K, Uchino J, Une Y, Fujioka Y. Selective portal vein embolization with absolute ethanol induces hepatic hypertrophy and makes more extensive hepatectomy possible. Hepatology. 1996;23(2):338–45.PubMedCrossRef
38.
go back to reference Giraudo G, Greget M, Oussoultzoglou E, Rosso E, Bachellier P, Jaeck D. Preoperative contralateral portal vein embolization before major hepatic resection is a safe and efficient procedure: a large single institution experience. Surgery. 2008;143(4):476–82.PubMedCrossRef Giraudo G, Greget M, Oussoultzoglou E, Rosso E, Bachellier P, Jaeck D. Preoperative contralateral portal vein embolization before major hepatic resection is a safe and efficient procedure: a large single institution experience. Surgery. 2008;143(4):476–82.PubMedCrossRef
39.
go back to reference Malinowski M, Geisel D, Stary V, et al. Portal vein embolization with plug/coils improves hepatectomy outcome. J Surg Res. 2015;194(1):202–11.PubMedCrossRef Malinowski M, Geisel D, Stary V, et al. Portal vein embolization with plug/coils improves hepatectomy outcome. J Surg Res. 2015;194(1):202–11.PubMedCrossRef
40.
go back to reference Bent CL, Low D, Matson MB, Renfrew I, Fotheringham T. Portal vein embolization using a nitinol plug (Amplatzer vascular plug) in combination with histoacryl glue and iodinized oil: adequate hypertrophy with a reduced risk of nontarget embolization. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009;32(3):471–7.PubMedCrossRef Bent CL, Low D, Matson MB, Renfrew I, Fotheringham T. Portal vein embolization using a nitinol plug (Amplatzer vascular plug) in combination with histoacryl glue and iodinized oil: adequate hypertrophy with a reduced risk of nontarget embolization. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009;32(3):471–7.PubMedCrossRef
41.
go back to reference Carling U, Røsok B, Berger S, Fretland ÅA, Dorenberg E. Portal vein embolization using n-butyl cyanoacrylate-glue: what impact does a central vascular plug have? Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022;45(4):450–8.PubMedCrossRef Carling U, Røsok B, Berger S, Fretland ÅA, Dorenberg E. Portal vein embolization using n-butyl cyanoacrylate-glue: what impact does a central vascular plug have? Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022;45(4):450–8.PubMedCrossRef
42.
go back to reference Jaberi A, Toor SS, Rajan DK, et al. Comparison of clinical outcomes following glue versus polyvinyl alcohol portal vein embolization for hypertrophy of the future liver remnant prior to right hepatectomy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2016;27(12):1897-1905.e1.PubMedCrossRef Jaberi A, Toor SS, Rajan DK, et al. Comparison of clinical outcomes following glue versus polyvinyl alcohol portal vein embolization for hypertrophy of the future liver remnant prior to right hepatectomy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2016;27(12):1897-1905.e1.PubMedCrossRef
43.
go back to reference Guiu B, Bize P, Gunthern D, Demartines N, Halkic N, Denys A. Portal vein embolization before right hepatectomy: improved results using n-butyl-cyanoacrylate compared to microparticles plus coils. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2013;36(5):1306–12.PubMedCrossRef Guiu B, Bize P, Gunthern D, Demartines N, Halkic N, Denys A. Portal vein embolization before right hepatectomy: improved results using n-butyl-cyanoacrylate compared to microparticles plus coils. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2013;36(5):1306–12.PubMedCrossRef
44.
go back to reference Luz JHM, Veloso Gomes F, Costa NV, et al. BestFLR trial: liver regeneration at CT before major hepatectomies for liver cancer-a randomized controlled trial comparing portal vein embolization with n-butyl-cyanoacrylate plus iodized oil versus polyvinyl alcohol particles plus coils. Radiology. 2021;299(3):715–24.PubMedCrossRef Luz JHM, Veloso Gomes F, Costa NV, et al. BestFLR trial: liver regeneration at CT before major hepatectomies for liver cancer-a randomized controlled trial comparing portal vein embolization with n-butyl-cyanoacrylate plus iodized oil versus polyvinyl alcohol particles plus coils. Radiology. 2021;299(3):715–24.PubMedCrossRef
45.
go back to reference Ali A, Ahle M, Björnsson B, Sandström P. Portal vein embolization with n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue is superior to other materials: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Radiol. 2021;31(8):5464–78.PubMedCrossRef Ali A, Ahle M, Björnsson B, Sandström P. Portal vein embolization with n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue is superior to other materials: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Radiol. 2021;31(8):5464–78.PubMedCrossRef
46.
go back to reference Guiu B, Quenet F, Escal L, et al. Extended liver venous deprivation before major hepatectomy induces marked and very rapid increase in future liver remnant function. Eur Radiol. 2017;27(8):3343–52.PubMedCrossRef Guiu B, Quenet F, Escal L, et al. Extended liver venous deprivation before major hepatectomy induces marked and very rapid increase in future liver remnant function. Eur Radiol. 2017;27(8):3343–52.PubMedCrossRef
47.
go back to reference Kobayashi K, Yamaguchi T, Denys A, et al. Liver venous deprivation compared to portal vein embolization to induce hypertrophy of the future liver remnant before major hepatectomy: a single center experience. Surgery. 2020;167(6):917–23.PubMedCrossRef Kobayashi K, Yamaguchi T, Denys A, et al. Liver venous deprivation compared to portal vein embolization to induce hypertrophy of the future liver remnant before major hepatectomy: a single center experience. Surgery. 2020;167(6):917–23.PubMedCrossRef
48.
go back to reference Najafi A, Schadde E, Binkert CA. Combined simultaneous embolization of the portal vein and hepatic vein (double vein embolization) - a technical note about embolization sequence. CVIR Endovasc. 2021;4(1):43.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Najafi A, Schadde E, Binkert CA. Combined simultaneous embolization of the portal vein and hepatic vein (double vein embolization) - a technical note about embolization sequence. CVIR Endovasc. 2021;4(1):43.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
49.
go back to reference Romagnoli S, Fanelli F, Barbani F, et al. CIRSE standards of practice on analgesia and sedation for interventional radiology in adults. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2020;43(9):1251–60.PubMedCrossRef Romagnoli S, Fanelli F, Barbani F, et al. CIRSE standards of practice on analgesia and sedation for interventional radiology in adults. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2020;43(9):1251–60.PubMedCrossRef
50.
go back to reference de Baere T, Roche A, Vavasseur D, Therasse E, Indushekar S, Elias D, Bognel C. Portal vein embolization: utility for inducing left hepatic lobe hypertrophy before surgery. Radiology. 1993;188(1):73–7.PubMedCrossRef de Baere T, Roche A, Vavasseur D, Therasse E, Indushekar S, Elias D, Bognel C. Portal vein embolization: utility for inducing left hepatic lobe hypertrophy before surgery. Radiology. 1993;188(1):73–7.PubMedCrossRef
51.
go back to reference Shindoh J, Truty MJ, Aloia TA, et al. Kinetic growth rate after portal vein embolization predicts posthepatectomy outcomes: toward zero liver-related mortality in patients with colorectal liver metastases and small future liver remnant. J Am Coll Surg. 2013;216(2):201–9.PubMedCrossRef Shindoh J, Truty MJ, Aloia TA, et al. Kinetic growth rate after portal vein embolization predicts posthepatectomy outcomes: toward zero liver-related mortality in patients with colorectal liver metastases and small future liver remnant. J Am Coll Surg. 2013;216(2):201–9.PubMedCrossRef
52.
go back to reference Leung U, Simpson AL, Araujo RL, et al. Remnant growth rate after portal vein embolization is a good early predictor of post-hepatectomy liver failure. J Am Coll Surg. 2014;219(4):620–30.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Leung U, Simpson AL, Araujo RL, et al. Remnant growth rate after portal vein embolization is a good early predictor of post-hepatectomy liver failure. J Am Coll Surg. 2014;219(4):620–30.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
53.
go back to reference Abulkhir A, Limongelli P, Healey AJ, et al. Preoperative portal vein embolization for major liver resection: a meta-analysis. Ann Surg. 2008;247(1):49–57.PubMedCrossRef Abulkhir A, Limongelli P, Healey AJ, et al. Preoperative portal vein embolization for major liver resection: a meta-analysis. Ann Surg. 2008;247(1):49–57.PubMedCrossRef
54.
go back to reference de Graaf W, van den Esschert JW, van Lienden KP, van Gulik TM. Induction of tumor growth after preoperative portal vein embolization: is it a real problem? Ann Surg Oncol. 2009;16(2):423–30.PubMedCrossRef de Graaf W, van den Esschert JW, van Lienden KP, van Gulik TM. Induction of tumor growth after preoperative portal vein embolization: is it a real problem? Ann Surg Oncol. 2009;16(2):423–30.PubMedCrossRef
55.
go back to reference Hoekstra LT, van Lienden KP, Doets A, Busch OR, Gouma DJ, van Gulik TM. Tumor progression after preoperative portal vein embolization. Ann Surg. 2012;256(5):812–7 (Discussion 817–8).PubMedCrossRef Hoekstra LT, van Lienden KP, Doets A, Busch OR, Gouma DJ, van Gulik TM. Tumor progression after preoperative portal vein embolization. Ann Surg. 2012;256(5):812–7 (Discussion 817–8).PubMedCrossRef
56.
go back to reference Lautt WW. Mechanism and role of intrinsic regulation of hepatic arterial blood flow: hepatic arterial buffer response. Am J Physiol. 1985;249(5 Pt 1):G549–56.PubMed Lautt WW. Mechanism and role of intrinsic regulation of hepatic arterial blood flow: hepatic arterial buffer response. Am J Physiol. 1985;249(5 Pt 1):G549–56.PubMed
57.
go back to reference Giglio MC, Giakoustidis A, Draz A, et al. Oncological outcomes of major liver resection following portal vein embolization: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Surg Oncol. 2016;23(11):3709–17.PubMedCrossRef Giglio MC, Giakoustidis A, Draz A, et al. Oncological outcomes of major liver resection following portal vein embolization: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Surg Oncol. 2016;23(11):3709–17.PubMedCrossRef
58.
go back to reference Soykan EA, Aarts BM, Lopez-Yurda M, Kuhlmann KFD, Erdmann JI, Kok N, van Lienden KP, Wilthagen EA, Beets-Tan RGH, van Delden OM, Gomez FM, Klompenhouwer EG. Predictive factors for hypertrophy of the future liver remnant after portal vein embolization: a systematic review. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2021;44(9):1355–66.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Soykan EA, Aarts BM, Lopez-Yurda M, Kuhlmann KFD, Erdmann JI, Kok N, van Lienden KP, Wilthagen EA, Beets-Tan RGH, van Delden OM, Gomez FM, Klompenhouwer EG. Predictive factors for hypertrophy of the future liver remnant after portal vein embolization: a systematic review. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2021;44(9):1355–66.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
59.
go back to reference Ironside N, Bell R, Bartlett A, McCall J, Powell J, Pandanaboyana S. Systematic review of perioperative and survival outcomes of liver resections with and without preoperative portal vein embolization for colorectal metastases. HPB (Oxford). 2017;19(7):559–66.PubMedCrossRef Ironside N, Bell R, Bartlett A, McCall J, Powell J, Pandanaboyana S. Systematic review of perioperative and survival outcomes of liver resections with and without preoperative portal vein embolization for colorectal metastases. HPB (Oxford). 2017;19(7):559–66.PubMedCrossRef
60.
go back to reference Le Roy B, Gallon A, Cauchy F, et al. Combined biembolization induces higher hypertrophy than portal vein embolization before major liver resection. HPB (Oxford). 2020;22(2):298–305.PubMedCrossRef Le Roy B, Gallon A, Cauchy F, et al. Combined biembolization induces higher hypertrophy than portal vein embolization before major liver resection. HPB (Oxford). 2020;22(2):298–305.PubMedCrossRef
61.
go back to reference Guiu B, Quenet F, Panaro F, et al. Liver venous deprivation versus portal vein embolization before major hepatectomy: future liver remnant volumetric and functional changes. Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr. 2020;9(5):564–76.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Guiu B, Quenet F, Panaro F, et al. Liver venous deprivation versus portal vein embolization before major hepatectomy: future liver remnant volumetric and functional changes. Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr. 2020;9(5):564–76.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
62.
go back to reference Deshayes E, Schadde E, Piron L, Quenet F, Guiu B. Extended Liver Venous Deprivation Leads to a Higher Increase in Liver Function that ALPPS in Early Assessment: A comment to "Sparrelid, E. et al. Dynamic Evaluation of Liver Volume and Function in Associating Liver Partition and Portal Vein Ligation for Staged Hepatectomy. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (2017)". J Gastrointest Surg. 2017;21(10):1754–5.PubMedCrossRef Deshayes E, Schadde E, Piron L, Quenet F, Guiu B. Extended Liver Venous Deprivation Leads to a Higher Increase in Liver Function that ALPPS in Early Assessment: A comment to "Sparrelid, E. et al. Dynamic Evaluation of Liver Volume and Function in Associating Liver Partition and Portal Vein Ligation for Staged Hepatectomy. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (2017)". J Gastrointest Surg. 2017;21(10):1754–5.PubMedCrossRef
63.
go back to reference Böning G, Fehrenbach U, Auer TA, et al. Liver venous deprivation (LVD) versus portal vein embolization (PVE) alone prior to extended hepatectomy: a matched pair analysis. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022;45(7):950–7.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Böning G, Fehrenbach U, Auer TA, et al. Liver venous deprivation (LVD) versus portal vein embolization (PVE) alone prior to extended hepatectomy: a matched pair analysis. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022;45(7):950–7.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
64.
go back to reference Deshayes E, Piron L, Bouvier A, et al. Study protocol of the HYPER-LIV01 trial: a multicenter phase II, prospective and randomized study comparing simultaneous portal and hepatic vein embolization to portal vein embolization for hypertrophy of the future liver remnant before major hepatectomy for colo-rectal liver metastases. BMC Cancer. 2020;20(1):574.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Deshayes E, Piron L, Bouvier A, et al. Study protocol of the HYPER-LIV01 trial: a multicenter phase II, prospective and randomized study comparing simultaneous portal and hepatic vein embolization to portal vein embolization for hypertrophy of the future liver remnant before major hepatectomy for colo-rectal liver metastases. BMC Cancer. 2020;20(1):574.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
65.
go back to reference Korenblik R, Olij B, Aldrighetti LA, et al. Dragon 1 protocol manuscript: training, accreditation, implementation and safety evaluation of portal and hepatic vein embolization (PVE/HVE) to accelerate future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022;45(9):1391–8.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Korenblik R, Olij B, Aldrighetti LA, et al. Dragon 1 protocol manuscript: training, accreditation, implementation and safety evaluation of portal and hepatic vein embolization (PVE/HVE) to accelerate future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022;45(9):1391–8.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
66.
go back to reference Heil J, Korenblik R, Heid F, et al. Preoperative portal vein or portal and hepatic vein embolization: DRAGON collaborative group analysis. Br J Surg. 2021;108(7):834–42.PubMedCrossRef Heil J, Korenblik R, Heid F, et al. Preoperative portal vein or portal and hepatic vein embolization: DRAGON collaborative group analysis. Br J Surg. 2021;108(7):834–42.PubMedCrossRef
67.
go back to reference Della Corte A, Santangelo D, Augello L, et al. Single-center retrospective study comparing double vein embolization via a trans-jugular approach with liver venous deprivation via a trans-hepatic approach. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2023;46(12):1703–12.PubMedCrossRef Della Corte A, Santangelo D, Augello L, et al. Single-center retrospective study comparing double vein embolization via a trans-jugular approach with liver venous deprivation via a trans-hepatic approach. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2023;46(12):1703–12.PubMedCrossRef
68.
go back to reference Balzan S, Belghiti J, Farges O, et al. The “50–50 criteria” on postoperative day 5: an accurate predictor of liver failure and death after hepatectomy. Ann Surg. 2005;242(6):824–8 (Discussion 828–9).PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Balzan S, Belghiti J, Farges O, et al. The “50–50 criteria” on postoperative day 5: an accurate predictor of liver failure and death after hepatectomy. Ann Surg. 2005;242(6):824–8 (Discussion 828–9).PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
69.
go back to reference Rahbari NN, Reissfelder C, Koch M, Elbers H, Striebel F, Büchler MW, Weitz J. The predictive value of postoperative clinical risk scores for outcome after hepatic resection: a validation analysis in 807 patients. Ann Surg Oncol. 2011;18(13):3640–9.PubMedCrossRef Rahbari NN, Reissfelder C, Koch M, Elbers H, Striebel F, Büchler MW, Weitz J. The predictive value of postoperative clinical risk scores for outcome after hepatic resection: a validation analysis in 807 patients. Ann Surg Oncol. 2011;18(13):3640–9.PubMedCrossRef
Metadata
Title
CIRSE Standards of Practice on Portal Vein Embolization and Double Vein Embolization/Liver Venous Deprivation
Authors
Tiago Bilhim
Georg Böning
Boris Guiu
José Hugo Luz
Alban Denys
Publication date
17-06-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
Print ISSN: 0174-1551
Electronic ISSN: 1432-086X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00270-024-03743-8