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Open Access 01-12-2022 | Chronic Kidney Disease | Research

Survival and predictors of mortality among chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis in Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2021

Authors: Sewnet Getaye Workie, Taye Abuhay Zewale, Gizachew Tadesse Wassie, Makda Abate Belew, Eleni Dagnaw Abeje

Published in: BMC Nephrology | Issue 1/2022

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Abstract

Background

Despite the high economic and mortality burden of chronic kidney disease, studies on survival and predictors of mortality among patients on hemodialysis in Ethiopia especially in the Amhara region are scarce considering their importance to identify some modifiable risk factors for early mortality to improve the patient’s prognosis. So, this study was done to fill the identified gaps. The study aimed to assess survival and predictors of mortality among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis in Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, 2020/2021.

Method

Institution-based retrospective record review was conducted in Felege Hiwot, Gonder, and Gambi hospitals from March 5 to April 5, 2021. A total of 436 medical records were selected using a simple random sampling technique. A life table was used to estimate probabilities of survival at different time intervals. Multivariable cox regression was used to identify risk factors for mortality.

Result

Out of the 436 patients 153 (35.1%) had died. The median survival time was 345 days with a mortality rate of 1.89 per 1000 person-days (95%CI (1.62, 2.22)). Patients live in rural residences (AHR = 1.48, 95%CI (1.04, 2.12)), patients whose cause of CKD was hypertension (AHR = 1.49, 95%CI (1.01, 2.23)) and human immune virus (AHR = 2.22, 95%CI (1.41, 3.51)), and patients who use a central venous catheter (AHR = 3.15, 95%CI (2.08, 4.77)) had increased risk of death while staying 4 h on hemodialysis (AHR = 0.43, 95%CI (0.23, 0.80)) decreases the risk of death among chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis.

Conclusions

The overall survival rate and median survival time of chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis were low in the Amhara region as compared with other developing Sub–Saharan African counties.
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Metadata
Title
Survival and predictors of mortality among chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis in Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2021
Authors
Sewnet Getaye Workie
Taye Abuhay Zewale
Gizachew Tadesse Wassie
Makda Abate Belew
Eleni Dagnaw Abeje
Publication date
01-12-2022
Publisher
BioMed Central
Published in
BMC Nephrology / Issue 1/2022
Electronic ISSN: 1471-2369
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-022-02825-4

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