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Published in: Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2024

Open Access 01-12-2024 | Cholelithiasis | Research article

Angiosarcoma of gallbladder, a literature review

Authors: Mahsa Salehi, Shafi Rehman, Sissmol Davis, Hamid Reza Jafari

Published in: Journal of Medical Case Reports | Issue 1/2024

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Abstract

Background

Angiosarcoma of the gallbladder is a rare diagnostic entity rarely encountered by pathologists and has rarely been reported in literature. This review aimed to examine the clinicopathological features, immunohistochemistry, treatment, and outcomes of gallbladder angiosarcoma.

Methods

A search of the PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar was done with the search terms ("angiosarcoma" OR "angiosarcomas") AND ("gallbladder" OR "gallbladders"). Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, only case reports could be used for this review.

Result

8 case reports were chosen in the end for analysis. The mean age of the patients at presentation was 65 years. It was most frequently observed in males. Abdominal pain and palpable mass were the most commonly reported symptoms. Cholelithiasis and anemia were also reported. On histopathology morphologically epithelioid appearance of angiosarcoma was evident. Cytokeratin (CK) AE1/AE3, Von willebrand factor, Factor VIII antigen, Vimentin, CD31 were positive. Meanwhile, UEA, CD34, CD117, S-100, Keratin, EMA, and CEA showed negative outcome. Surgery was the preferred method of treatment and a mean 10-months follow-up was done.

Conclusion

Despite the unavailability of convincing data, histological and immunohistochemical analyses play a major role in the diagnosis of gallbladder angiosarcoma. Nevertheless, more comprehensive clinical studies are required to provide universal guidelines for the treatment and diagnosis of angiosarcoma of the gallbladder.
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Metadata
Title
Angiosarcoma of gallbladder, a literature review
Authors
Mahsa Salehi
Shafi Rehman
Sissmol Davis
Hamid Reza Jafari
Publication date
01-12-2024
Publisher
BioMed Central
Published in
Journal of Medical Case Reports / Issue 1/2024
Electronic ISSN: 1752-1947
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-023-04323-z

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