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Published in: Internal and Emergency Medicine 2/2023

21-01-2023 | Care | IM-Point of view

The role of general practitioners in the EU: time to draw lessons from a too wide range?

Authors: Livio Garattini, Alessandro Nobili, Marco Badinella Martini, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci

Published in: Internal and Emergency Medicine | Issue 2/2023

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Abstract

Although the role played by general practitioners (GPs) is historically consolidated, continuous changes have been recently introduced in Europe because of the increasing multimorbidity and complexity of patients. Here we try to compare the roles played by GPs in the four major countries of Europe. In France GPs are self-employed medical doctors, and their remuneration consists of a payment scheme for the services provided. The weekly opening hours of French GPs are on average approximately 48. In Germany primary care is mainly provided by GPs and outpatient internists, and patients are free to choose the facility and the professional. German GPs are self-employed professionals mainly remunerated for each consultation, who work for an average of 50 opening hours per week. In Italy GPs are self-employed professionals mainly paid on per capita basis, who have their own list of patients and must guarantee a minimum number of clinical opening hours per week, which has often become the average number in practice. Accordingly, the patients’ weekly access to Italian GPs’ clinics is very limited. In Spain GPs are civil servants who work in multifunctional facilities with multi-professional teams. The weekly hours worked by Spanish GPs are 38 hours, as for any other civil servant. Trying to draw positive lessons from the comparison, the Spanish facilities seem to be the most advanced examples of horizontal-integrated organizations able to fulfil the expectations of a growing population of ageing people. The range of generalist professionals could be enlarged beyond GPs, as the German example shows.
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Metadata
Title
The role of general practitioners in the EU: time to draw lessons from a too wide range?
Authors
Livio Garattini
Alessandro Nobili
Marco Badinella Martini
Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
Publication date
21-01-2023
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Keyword
Care
Published in
Internal and Emergency Medicine / Issue 2/2023
Print ISSN: 1828-0447
Electronic ISSN: 1970-9366
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11739-023-03205-y

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