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Published in: Indian Journal of Pediatrics 3/2023

21-01-2023 | Care | Review Article

Organizing and Leading a Multidisciplinary PICU

Authors: Mohan Ram Mysore, Suchitra Ranjit

Published in: Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Issue 3/2023

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Abstract

Pediatric critical care units (PICUs) have come a long way over the past four decades. They continue to be clinical areas that are resource-intensive. PICUs require a team of highly engaged and well-trained professionals working together to change the trajectory of critical illness. Consequently, it requires strong physician and nursing leadership to lead the team of dedicated individuals to perform at the highest level. A dyad of a PICU Medical Director and a PICU Nursing Director is a good construct for administrative leadership. Several options of models exist—open versus closed or a hybrid model. A 24 × 7 coverage of the PICU with skilled personnel is important to provide timely care but is not always possible due to personnel constraints. Indian PICUs have also evolved and made significant strides in their governance and coverage models. Policies and standard operating procedures (SOPs) govern the care that is delivered and may need to be updated regularly. The NABH reviews these as part of their accreditation process. A multidisciplinary committee structure to review aspects of PICU function and outcomes on a regular basis is vital. Certain guiding principles should determine the philosophy of the PICU, and the leaders in the PICU need to model behavior in keeping with these principles. PICU outcomes should be measured and tracked; a root-cause analysis should be triggered when appropriate; and interventions should be made using the PDSA (plan-do-study-act) cycle of process improvement when outcomes fall short of expectations. Adverse events should ideally be disclosed, but this represents a challenge in the current environment. Indian PICUs continue to evolve rapidly, and establishing a database for comparative analysis of outcomes is a natural next step.
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Metadata
Title
Organizing and Leading a Multidisciplinary PICU
Authors
Mohan Ram Mysore
Suchitra Ranjit
Publication date
21-01-2023
Publisher
Springer India
Keyword
Care
Published in
Indian Journal of Pediatrics / Issue 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0019-5456
Electronic ISSN: 0973-7693
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-022-04427-2

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