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09-05-2024 | Brain Abscess | Review

Exploring odontogenic brain abscesses: a comprehensive review

Authors: Xingguo Wu, Ningxiang Qin, Xi Peng, Liang Wang

Published in: Acta Neurologica Belgica

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Abstract

Introduction

Whether in neurology or dentistry, odontogenic brain abscess stands as an ailment demanding undivided attention. The onset of this disease is insidious, with a relatively low incidence rate but a markedly high fatality rate. Moreover, its symptoms lack specificity, easily leading to misdiagnosis, oversight, and treatment delays. Hence, clinicians should maintain heightened vigilance when faced with pathogenic bacteria of dental origin in patients.

Areas covered

This paper encapsulates the latest research findings on the clinical manifestations and essential treatment points of odontogenic brain abscess. It may offer a crucial reference for prompt diagnosis and improved therapeutic approaches.

Expert opinions

Odontogenic brain abscess, an infection of the cerebral parenchyma, usually appears in immunocompromised patients with dental ailments or postdental surgeries. The main pathogenic microorganisms include Streptococcus intermedius, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus anginosus, and Millerella. Given the undetectable and nonspecific symptoms in patients, the diagnostic process relies on microbiological methods. Therefore, clinicians should actively investigate and identify the pathogenic microorganisms of odontogenic brain abscess for early detection and selection of appropriate treatment regimens to avoid disease management delays.
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Metadata
Title
Exploring odontogenic brain abscesses: a comprehensive review
Authors
Xingguo Wu
Ningxiang Qin
Xi Peng
Liang Wang
Publication date
09-05-2024
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Acta Neurologica Belgica
Print ISSN: 0300-9009
Electronic ISSN: 2240-2993
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-024-02569-y