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Published in: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 1/2024

Open Access 01-12-2024 | Atrial Fibrillation | Research

Optimal patient selection for maze procedure in patients undergoing mitral valve disease

Authors: Tomoaki Masuda, Atsushi Aoki, Tadashi Omoto, Kazuto Maruta

Published in: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery | Issue 1/2024

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Abstract

Objectives

Although risk factors for unsuccessful Maze procedure have been demonstrated, an appropriate patient selection is still controversial. In our institute, Maze procedure is indicated for those whom normal sinus rhythm (NSR) was reestablished by intraoperative direct cardioversion (DC) after ventricular unloading by total cardiopulmonary bypass. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our indication criteria for Maze procedure in patients with mitral valve disease.

Methods

Between October 2012 and October 2021, MAZE was indicated in 55 patients in whom normal sinus rhythm (NSR) was reestablished by intraoperative direct current cardioversion (DC). Three endpoints and predictors were examined: disappearance of atrial fibrillation (AF), NSR, and A-wave detection.

Results

Restoration of NSR by intraoperative DC was confirmed in 43 patients, and these patients underwent MAZE. AF disappeared in 39 patients (90.7%), and F-wave ≥ 0.1 mV was a significant predictive factor (odds ratio (OR) 20.99, 95% CI 1.22–1079.06). NSR was reestablished in 36 patients (83.7%), and F-wave ≥ 0.1 mV (odds ratio 15.62, 95% CI 1.62–359.86) + AF history ≤ 3 years (OR 8.30, 95% CI 1.09–177.04) were significant predictors. A-wave detection was confirmed in 26 patients (60.5%), and left atrial diameter ≤ 55 mm was a significant predictor (OR 5.22, 95% CI 1.28–24.79).

Conclusions

Intraoperative DC after ventricular unloading resulted effective patient selection for concomitant Maze procedure. F-wave and AF history were predictive factor of electrical restoration of AF, and left atrial diameter was predictive factor of restoration of atrial function.
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Metadata
Title
Optimal patient selection for maze procedure in patients undergoing mitral valve disease
Authors
Tomoaki Masuda
Atsushi Aoki
Tadashi Omoto
Kazuto Maruta
Publication date
01-12-2024
Publisher
BioMed Central
Published in
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery / Issue 1/2024
Electronic ISSN: 1749-8090
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-024-02766-z

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