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17-06-2024 | Artificial Intelligence | Review

Emerging Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Dermatopathology

Authors: Mary P. Smith, Joshua M. Schulman

Published in: Current Dermatology Reports

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing health care – transforming how physicians evaluate, diagnose, and manage a wide range of diseases. Dermatopathology is particularly well suited for incorporating aspects of AI, given the predictability of histopathological slide preparation, the increasing use of slide digitization, and the text-based nature of diagnostic reporting. The purpose of this review is to describe emerging applications of AI in dermatopathology, including rapid diagnosis of common skin lesions (e.g. basal cell carcinoma, seborrheic keratoses, melanoma), identification of infectious pathogens (e.g. fungi, acid fast bacilli), and automation of quantification tasks (e.g. mitotic rates, immunohistochemical stains).

Recent Findings

Future directions in AI-powered diagnostics, population-based research, and medical education and training are detailed, along with a discussion of barriers to AI implementation in dermatopathology, such as technical, financial, and ethical challenges.

Summary

Despite these challenges, the future of AI in dermatopathology remains promising and requires dermatopathologists to actively engage in the development and validation of AI-based technologies.
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Metadata
Title
Emerging Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Dermatopathology
Authors
Mary P. Smith
Joshua M. Schulman
Publication date
17-06-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Current Dermatology Reports
Electronic ISSN: 2162-4933
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13671-024-00431-1