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25-04-2024 | Arteriovenous Malformation | Research

Implementation of 3D modelling to improve understanding and conceptualisation of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) morphology for the execution of safe microsurgical excision of complex paediatric AVMs

Authors: Amparo Saenz, Luke Smith, Kieran Seunarine, Adam Rennie, Fergus Robertson, Greg James, Adikarige Haritha Dulanka Silva

Published in: Child's Nervous System

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Abstract

Introduction

Brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) present complex challenges in neurosurgery, requiring precise pre-surgical planning. In this context, 3D printing technology has emerged as a promising tool to aid in understanding bAVM morphology and enhance surgical outcomes, particularly in pediatric patients. This study aims to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of using 3D AVM models in pediatric bAVM surgery.

Methodology

The study was conducted at Great Ormond Street Hospital, and cases were selected sequentially between October 2021 and February 2023. Eight pediatric bAVM cases with 3D models were compared to eight cases treated before the introduction of 3D printing models. The 3D modelling fidelity and clinical outcomes were assessed and compared between the two cohorts.

Results

The study demonstrated excellent fidelity between 3D models and actual operative anatomy, with a median difference of only 0.31 mm. There was no statistically significant difference in angiographic cure rates or complications between the 3D model group and the non-3D model group. Surgical time showed a non-significant increase in cases involving 3D models. Furthermore, the 3D model cohort included higher-grade bAVMs, indicating increased surgical confidence.

Conclusion

This study demonstrates the feasibility and efficacy of utilizing 3D AVM models in pediatric bAVM surgery. The high fidelity between the models and actual operative anatomy suggests that 3D modelling can enhance pre-surgical planning and intraoperative guidance without significantly increasing surgical times or complications. Further research with larger cohorts is warranted to confirm and refine the application of 3D modelling in clinical practice.
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Metadata
Title
Implementation of 3D modelling to improve understanding and conceptualisation of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) morphology for the execution of safe microsurgical excision of complex paediatric AVMs
Authors
Amparo Saenz
Luke Smith
Kieran Seunarine
Adam Rennie
Fergus Robertson
Greg James
Adikarige Haritha Dulanka Silva
Publication date
25-04-2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Child's Nervous System
Print ISSN: 0256-7040
Electronic ISSN: 1433-0350
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-024-06421-9
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