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Open Access 08-06-2024 | Research

Application of neurophysiological monitoring during tethered cord release in children

Authors: Junjun Guo, Xianlan Zheng, Hongyao Leng, Qiao Shen, Jialin Pu

Published in: Child's Nervous System

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Abstract

Objective

The objective of this study was to explore the effect of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) on tethered spinal cord release in children.

Methods

The clinical data of 454 children with tethered cord syndrome who underwent surgery for tethered cord release were retrospectively analyzed. The children were divided into two groups: the non-IONM group and the IONM group. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The evaluation indices included the effective rate and incidence of new neurological dysfunction.

Results

The short-term results showed that the effective rate of the non-IONM group was 14.8%, while that of the IONM group was 15.2%. Additionally, the incidence of new neurological dysfunction was 7.8% in the non-IONM group and 5.6% in the IONM group. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). The medium- to long-term follow-up had significant difference (P < 0.05), the response rate was 32.1% in the IONM group and 23.7% in the non-IONM group, and deterioration rates regarding neurological dysfunction were 3.3% in the IONM group and 8.5% in the non-IONM group.

Conclusion

This study revealed that the use of IONM does not significantly improve the short-term treatment effect of patients undergoing surgery for tethered cord release or reduce the short-term incidence of postoperative new neurological dysfunction. However, the medium- to long-term prognoses of patients in the IONM group were better than those of patients in the non-IONM group.
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Metadata
Title
Application of neurophysiological monitoring during tethered cord release in children
Authors
Junjun Guo
Xianlan Zheng
Hongyao Leng
Qiao Shen
Jialin Pu
Publication date
08-06-2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Child's Nervous System
Print ISSN: 0256-7040
Electronic ISSN: 1433-0350
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-024-06483-9
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