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17-06-2024 | Addiction | Original Article

The Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Problematic Smartphone Use in Chinese Middle School Students: A Serial Multiple Mediating Model

Authors: Jingyi Zhou, Min Zhang, Zhi Hao

Published in: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

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Abstract

The increasing prevalence of smartphones among adolescents has led to earlier exposure, while also drawing more attention to problematic smartphone use (PSU) from the public. Previous studies have established a significant link between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and problematic behaviors. This research delves deeper into the connection between ACEs and PSU, exploring the mediating effects of perceived discrimination and rumination. Using a cross-sectional design and multiple questionnaires, including the Revised Adverse Childhood Experience Questionnaire, Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version (SAS-SV), Perceived Discrimination Scale (PDS), and Rumination Responses Scale (RRS), the study involved 1624 Chinese middle school students. Correlation analysis revealed a positive and significant relationship between adverse childhood experiences, perceived discrimination, rumination, and problematic smartphone use. Regression analysis results indicated that perceived discrimination and rumination acted as serial mediators in the association between adverse childhood experiences and problematic smartphone use. Specifically, (1) adverse childhood experiences directly influenced problematic smartphone use, (2) both perceived discrimination and rumination partially mediated the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and problematic smartphone use, and (3) perceived discrimination and rumination sequentially mediated the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and problematic smartphone use. These findings suggest that addressing perceived discrimination and reducing rumination can alleviate problematic smartphone use among middle school students with adverse childhood experiences.
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Metadata
Title
The Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Problematic Smartphone Use in Chinese Middle School Students: A Serial Multiple Mediating Model
Authors
Jingyi Zhou
Min Zhang
Zhi Hao
Publication date
17-06-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Print ISSN: 1557-1874
Electronic ISSN: 1557-1882
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-024-01341-w