Skip to main content
Top
Published in: Journal of Parasitic Diseases 2/2024

25-04-2024 | Original Article

A prevalence study on gastrointestinal parasitic infections of pig (Sus scrofa) in and around Meerut, Western Uttar Pradesh, India

Authors: Rajat Kumar, P. S. Maurya, Shivani Sahu, Iqra Arif, Arbind Singh, Gulab Chandra

Published in: Journal of Parasitic Diseases | Issue 2/2024

Login to get access

Abstract

The present study was conducted to record the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of pigs by faecal sample examination. Faecal samples were collected in three different seasons viz; monsoon, post monsoon and pre monsoon, from in and around Meerut district of Western Uttar Pradesh. A total of 642 faecal samples were collected for a period of one year (2020–21). The overall prevalence rate recorded for gastrointestinal parasites in pigs was 64.4%.The findings of the present work showed that seasons have a significant role on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites infection in pigs, with highest prevalence in monsoon (78.34%) followed by pre-monsoon (60.19%) and lowest in post- monsoon seasons (54.67%). Thus, the present study will be helpful in designing the effective control strategy of parasitic infections for optimum production in porcine industry as well as preventive measures against zoonotic diseases spread by pigs.
Literature
go back to reference Atawalna J, Attoh-Kotoku V, Folitse RD, Amenakpor C, Atawalna J (2015) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites among pigs in the Ejisu municipality of Ghana. Sch J Agric Vet Sci 3:33–36 Atawalna J, Attoh-Kotoku V, Folitse RD, Amenakpor C, Atawalna J (2015) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites among pigs in the Ejisu municipality of Ghana. Sch J Agric Vet Sci 3:33–36
go back to reference Boes J, Willingham AL, Fuhui S, Xuguang H, Eriksen L, Nansen P (2000) Prevalence and distribution of pig helminths in the Dongting Lake region (Hunan Province) of the People’s Republic of China. J Helminthol 74:45–55CrossRefPubMed Boes J, Willingham AL, Fuhui S, Xuguang H, Eriksen L, Nansen P (2000) Prevalence and distribution of pig helminths in the Dongting Lake region (Hunan Province) of the People’s Republic of China. J Helminthol 74:45–55CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chawhan P, Singh BB, Gill JPS (2015) Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of porcine cysticercosis in naturally infected pigs (Sus scrofa) in Punjab, India. Sci Tech Rev off Int Des Epizoot 34:224–227 Chawhan P, Singh BB, Gill JPS (2015) Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of porcine cysticercosis in naturally infected pigs (Sus scrofa) in Punjab, India. Sci Tech Rev off Int Des Epizoot 34:224–227
go back to reference Chilundo AG, Mukaratirwa S, Pondja A, Afonso S, Miambo R, Johnsen MV (2017) Prevalence and risk factors of endo and ectoparasitic infections in smallholder pigs in Angonia district, Mozambique. Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Rep 7:1–8 Chilundo AG, Mukaratirwa S, Pondja A, Afonso S, Miambo R, Johnsen MV (2017) Prevalence and risk factors of endo and ectoparasitic infections in smallholder pigs in Angonia district, Mozambique. Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Rep 7:1–8
go back to reference Deka DK, Chaoudhary S, Chakraborty A (1995) Parasites of domestic animals and birds in Lakhimpur (Assam). J Vet Parasitol 9(1):21–25 Deka DK, Chaoudhary S, Chakraborty A (1995) Parasites of domestic animals and birds in Lakhimpur (Assam). J Vet Parasitol 9(1):21–25
go back to reference Dey TR, Dey AR, Begum N, Akhter S, Barmon BC (2014) Prevalence of end parasite of pig at Mymensingh, Bangladesh. J Agric Vet Sci 7:31–38 Dey TR, Dey AR, Begum N, Akhter S, Barmon BC (2014) Prevalence of end parasite of pig at Mymensingh, Bangladesh. J Agric Vet Sci 7:31–38
go back to reference Dutta S, Ghosh JD, Sasmal NK, Mukherjee GS (2005) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites affecting pig farms of West Bengal, India. J Vet Parasitol 19:23–26 Dutta S, Ghosh JD, Sasmal NK, Mukherjee GS (2005) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites affecting pig farms of West Bengal, India. J Vet Parasitol 19:23–26
go back to reference Gomathi M, Subramanian N, Muthu M (2016) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in domestic pigs collected from Cheyyar taluk, Thiruvannamalai district. Int J Dev Res 6(11):10466–10473 Gomathi M, Subramanian N, Muthu M (2016) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in domestic pigs collected from Cheyyar taluk, Thiruvannamalai district. Int J Dev Res 6(11):10466–10473
go back to reference Gowda Chaithra K, Puttalakshmamma GC, D’Souza PE, Mamatha GS, Chandranaik BM (2020) Comparative studies on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of pigs from Bengaluru urban and rural districts. J Vet Parasitol 34(1):43–48CrossRef Gowda Chaithra K, Puttalakshmamma GC, D’Souza PE, Mamatha GS, Chandranaik BM (2020) Comparative studies on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of pigs from Bengaluru urban and rural districts. J Vet Parasitol 34(1):43–48CrossRef
go back to reference Kagira JM, Kanyari PW, Maingi N, Githigia SM, Ng’Ang’A JC, Karuga JW (2010) Characteristics of the smallholder free-range pig production system in western Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 42:865–873CrossRefPubMed Kagira JM, Kanyari PW, Maingi N, Githigia SM, Ng’Ang’A JC, Karuga JW (2010) Characteristics of the smallholder free-range pig production system in western Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 42:865–873CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kalkal H, Vohra S (2021) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite in pigs of Hisar city Haryana. Pharm Innov J 10(5):476–478 Kalkal H, Vohra S (2021) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite in pigs of Hisar city Haryana. Pharm Innov J 10(5):476–478
go back to reference Kaur M, Singh BB, Sharma R, Gill JPS (2017) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pigs in Punjab, India. J Parasit Dis 41:483–486CrossRefPubMed Kaur M, Singh BB, Sharma R, Gill JPS (2017) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pigs in Punjab, India. J Parasit Dis 41:483–486CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Khajuria JK, Katoch R, Yadav A, Vohra S, Soodan JS, Borkatali S, Singh A (2010) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites affecting pigs in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir. Vet Pract 11:167–168 Khajuria JK, Katoch R, Yadav A, Vohra S, Soodan JS, Borkatali S, Singh A (2010) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites affecting pigs in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir. Vet Pract 11:167–168
go back to reference Kumar S, Prasad KD, Singh SK (2002) Prevalence of common gastrointestinal parasites in pigs at and around Ranchi, Jharkhand Indian. J Anim Sci 72:35–37 Kumar S, Prasad KD, Singh SK (2002) Prevalence of common gastrointestinal parasites in pigs at and around Ranchi, Jharkhand Indian. J Anim Sci 72:35–37
go back to reference Laha R, Das M, Goswami A, Sailo B, Sharma BK, Gangmei D, Puii LH, Patra MK, Das RK, Sharma A, Ngullie E (2014) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in pigs of north eastern region of India. Indian J Hill Farm 27(1):64–67 Laha R, Das M, Goswami A, Sailo B, Sharma BK, Gangmei D, Puii LH, Patra MK, Das RK, Sharma A, Ngullie E (2014) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in pigs of north eastern region of India. Indian J Hill Farm 27(1):64–67
go back to reference Nganga CJ, Karanja DN, Mutune MN (2008) The prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pigs in Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 40:331–334CrossRefPubMed Nganga CJ, Karanja DN, Mutune MN (2008) The prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pigs in Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 40:331–334CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nsoso SJ, Mosala KP, Nidebele RT, Ramabu SS (2000) The prevalence of internal and external parasites in pigs of different ages and sexes in southeast district, Botswana. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 67:217–220PubMed Nsoso SJ, Mosala KP, Nidebele RT, Ramabu SS (2000) The prevalence of internal and external parasites in pigs of different ages and sexes in southeast district, Botswana. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 67:217–220PubMed
go back to reference Rajkhowa C (1996) Incidence of different gastrointestinal parasites of pigs in Meghalaya. J Vet Parasitol 10:91–93 Rajkhowa C (1996) Incidence of different gastrointestinal parasites of pigs in Meghalaya. J Vet Parasitol 10:91–93
go back to reference Renwal KK, Gupta A, Kumar N, Pilania PK, Manohar GS (2016) Prevalence and risk assessment of gastrointestinal helminthoses in dairy animals of Bikaner Rajasthan. J Parasit Dis 41(2):557–561CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Renwal KK, Gupta A, Kumar N, Pilania PK, Manohar GS (2016) Prevalence and risk assessment of gastrointestinal helminthoses in dairy animals of Bikaner Rajasthan. J Parasit Dis 41(2):557–561CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Roepstrorff A, Nilsson O, Oksanen A, Gjerde B, Richter SH, Rtenberg EO, Christensson D, Martinsson KB, Bartlett PC, Nansen P, Eriksen L, Helle O, Nikander S, Larsen K (1998) Intestinal parasite in swine in the Nordic countries; prevalence and geographical distribution. Vet Parasitol 76:305–319CrossRef Roepstrorff A, Nilsson O, Oksanen A, Gjerde B, Richter SH, Rtenberg EO, Christensson D, Martinsson KB, Bartlett PC, Nansen P, Eriksen L, Helle O, Nikander S, Larsen K (1998) Intestinal parasite in swine in the Nordic countries; prevalence and geographical distribution. Vet Parasitol 76:305–319CrossRef
go back to reference Sarma BND, Gogoi AR (1986) Studies on helminthes and histopathology of some common trematodes of local pigs in Asssam. Indian Vet J 63:366–370 Sarma BND, Gogoi AR (1986) Studies on helminthes and histopathology of some common trematodes of local pigs in Asssam. Indian Vet J 63:366–370
go back to reference Singh AK, Das G, Nath S, Kumar S, Naresh R, Agarwal V (2017) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection in pig in and around Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Indian Vet J 94:17–19 Singh AK, Das G, Nath S, Kumar S, Naresh R, Agarwal V (2017) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection in pig in and around Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Indian Vet J 94:17–19
go back to reference Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminths, arthropod and protozoa of domesticated animals. Bailliere Tindall, London Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminths, arthropod and protozoa of domesticated animals. Bailliere Tindall, London
go back to reference Stewart TB, Hale OM (1988) Losses to internal parasites in swine production. J Anim Sci 66:1548–1555CrossRefPubMed Stewart TB, Hale OM (1988) Losses to internal parasites in swine production. J Anim Sci 66:1548–1555CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tiwari KP, Chikweto A, Belot G, Vanpee G, Deallie C, Stratton G (2009) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pig in Grernada, West Indies. West Indian Vet J 9:22–27 Tiwari KP, Chikweto A, Belot G, Vanpee G, Deallie C, Stratton G (2009) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pig in Grernada, West Indies. West Indian Vet J 9:22–27
go back to reference Weka RP, Ikeh EI (2009) Seroprevalence of cysticercosis and intestinal parasitism in pigs in Jos Metropolis. J Anim Vet Adv 8:883–887CrossRef Weka RP, Ikeh EI (2009) Seroprevalence of cysticercosis and intestinal parasitism in pigs in Jos Metropolis. J Anim Vet Adv 8:883–887CrossRef
go back to reference Yadav AK, Tandon V (1989) Nematode parasite infection of domestic pigs in sub-tropical and high-rainfall areas of India. Vet Parasitol 31:133–139CrossRefPubMed Yadav AK, Tandon V (1989) Nematode parasite infection of domestic pigs in sub-tropical and high-rainfall areas of India. Vet Parasitol 31:133–139CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Yadav S, Gupta A, Choudhary P, Pilania PK, Joshi SP (2021) Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths and assessment of associated risk factors in pigs from Rajasthan districts, India. J Entomol Zool Stud 9(1):1418–1423 Yadav S, Gupta A, Choudhary P, Pilania PK, Joshi SP (2021) Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths and assessment of associated risk factors in pigs from Rajasthan districts, India. J Entomol Zool Stud 9(1):1418–1423
go back to reference Zajac AM, Conboy GA (2012) Fecal examination for the diagnosis of parasitism. In: Veterinary clinical parasitology, 8th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, p 35 Zajac AM, Conboy GA (2012) Fecal examination for the diagnosis of parasitism. In: Veterinary clinical parasitology, 8th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, p 35
Metadata
Title
A prevalence study on gastrointestinal parasitic infections of pig (Sus scrofa) in and around Meerut, Western Uttar Pradesh, India
Authors
Rajat Kumar
P. S. Maurya
Shivani Sahu
Iqra Arif
Arbind Singh
Gulab Chandra
Publication date
25-04-2024
Publisher
Springer India
Published in
Journal of Parasitic Diseases / Issue 2/2024
Print ISSN: 0971-7196
Electronic ISSN: 0975-0703
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-024-01671-5

Other articles of this Issue 2/2024

Journal of Parasitic Diseases 2/2024 Go to the issue
Live Webinar | 27-06-2024 | 18:00 (CEST)

Keynote webinar | Spotlight on medication adherence

Live: Thursday 27th June 2024, 18:00-19:30 (CEST)

WHO estimates that half of all patients worldwide are non-adherent to their prescribed medication. The consequences of poor adherence can be catastrophic, on both the individual and population level.

Join our expert panel to discover why you need to understand the drivers of non-adherence in your patients, and how you can optimize medication adherence in your clinics to drastically improve patient outcomes.

Prof. Kevin Dolgin
Prof. Florian Limbourg
Prof. Anoop Chauhan
Developed by: Springer Medicine
Obesity Clinical Trial Summary

At a glance: The STEP trials

A round-up of the STEP phase 3 clinical trials evaluating semaglutide for weight loss in people with overweight or obesity.

Developed by: Springer Medicine
Webinar | 06-02-2024 | 20:00 (CET)

Mastering chronic pancreatitis pain: A multidisciplinary approach and practical solutions

Severe pain is the most common symptom of chronic pancreatitis. In this webinar, experts share the latest insights in pain management for chronic pancreatitis patients. Experts from a range of disciplines discuss pertinent cases and provide practical suggestions for use within clinical practice.

Sponsored by: Viatris

Developed by: Springer Healthcare